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bib:viper [2008/05/03 21:58]
marchand
bib:viper [2008/06/11 17:36] (current)
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-@article{beekhof:​2007:​linmag+  ​@inproceedings{szekely2007,   ​ 
- ​vgclass = {refpap}, +   ​vgclass = {refpap}, 
- ​vgproject = {watermarking}, +   ​vgproject = {viper}, 
- title = {Dopperl-Herz: Parallelprogrammierung ​in C++ mit der OMPTL}, +   author ​= { Eniko Szekely and {\'​E}ric Bruno and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet}, 
- author ​= {Tim Sch{\"u}rmann}, +   title = {Clustered multidimensional scaling for exploration ​in information retrieval ​}, 
- journal={Linux Magazin}, +   booktitle ​= { 1st International Conference on the Theory of Information Retrieval (ICTIR'​07) }, 
- note ={About the OMPTL (http://sip.unige.ch/omptl) by F.P.Beekhof}, +   ​address = {Budapest, Hungary}
- year = {2008}, +   pages = {95-104}, 
- month = {January}, +   month = {October 18-20},  
- url={http://​www.linux-magazin.de/​heft_abo/​ausgaben/​2008/​01/​doppel_herz?​category=0}, +   year = {2007}, 
- url1={http://​sip.unige.ch/​omptl+   ​url ​= {http://cvml.unige.ch/publications/​postscript/​2007/​EnikoSzekely_ICTIR.pdf} 
-}+  } 
 +   
 +  @inproceedings { morrison08-semantic
 +    ​vgclass ​= {refpap}, 
 +    ​vgproject ​= {viper}, 
 +    ​author ​= { Morrison, Donn and Marchand-Maillet, St\'​ephane and Bruno, Eric }, 
 +    title { Semantic clustering of images using patterns of relevance feedback ​}, 
 +    ​booktitle ​= { Proceedings of the 6th International Workshop on Content-based Multimedia Indexing},​ 
 +    note = { (accepted) }, 
 +    address = { London, UK }, 
 +    month = { June 18-20th }, 
 +    year = { 2008 
 +  }
  
 +  @inproceedings{Kludas2008,​   ​
 +   ​vgclass = {refpap},
 +   ​vgproject = {viper},
 +   ​author = { Jana Kludas and Eric Bruno and Stephane Marchand-Maillet },
 +   title = { Study on Feature Interactions and its benefit for Information Fusion },
 +   ​booktitle = { submitted at 16th European Signal Processing Conference ​ },
 +   note = {(submitted)},​
 +   owner = {Kludas},
 +   ​timestamp = {2008.03.03},​
 +   year = {2008}
 +  }
 +  @inproceedings{Kludas2008b,​
 +     ​vgclass = {refpap},
 +     ​vgproject = {viper},
 +     ​author = { Jana Kludas and Eric Bruno and Stephane Marchand-Maillet },
 +     title = { Efficient information fusion in high dimensional spaces by exploiting feature interactions },
 +     ​booktitle = { submitted at 11th International Conference on Information Fusion ​ },
 +     year = { 2008 },
 +   note = {(submitted)},​
 +   owner = {Kludas},
 +   timestamp = {2008.03.03}
 +  }
 +  @inproceedings{Kludas2008c,​
 +   ​vgclass = {refpap},
 +   ​vgproject = {viper},
 +     ​author = { Jana Kludas and Eric Bruno and Stephane Marchand-Maillet },
 +     title = { Can Feature Information Interaction help for Information Fusion in Multimedia Problems? },
 +     ​booktitle = { First International Workshop on Metadata Mining for Image Understanding},​
 +     ​location = {Funchal, Madeira},
 +     pages = {23--33}, ​  
 +     year = { 2008 },
 +     url = {http://​cvml.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2008/​KludasBrunoMarchand_Madeira_2008.pdf}
 +  } 
  
 +   ​@INPROCEEDINGS{BJanvier:​MLMI2005,​
 +   author = {Bruno Janvier and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet and {\'​E}ric Bruno and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Semantic segmentation of video collections using boosted random fields},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the 2005 second Workshop on Machine Learning and Multimodal
 + Interaction,​ {MLMI'​05}},​
 +   year = {2005},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   address = {Edinburgh, UK},
 +   month = {July},
 + }
 +  @MISC{VG:​Laskowski06,​
 +   vgclass = {diploma},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   author = {Michel Laskowski},
 +   title = {Optimising interaction in multimedia content description processes using structured knowledge},
 +   howpublished = {maîtrises thesis, University of Geneva},
 +   month = {octobre},
 +   year = {2006}
 +  }
 +  @MISC{VG:​Jordan06,​
 +   vgclass = {diploma},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   author = {Patrick Jordan},
 +   title = {Long term usage of interaction log in content-based retrieval systems via LSI},
 +   howpublished = {maîtrises thesis, University of Geneva},
 +   month = {septembre},​
 +   year = {2006}
 +  }
 +  @MISC{VG:​Strumiello05,​
 +   vgclass = {diploma},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   author = {Olivier Strumiello},​
 +   title = {VidaView : Interface optimale pour la visualisation multimodale de vidéo segmentée},​
 +   howpublished = {maîtrises thesis, University of Geneva},
 +   month = {juillet},
 +   year = {2005}
 +  }
 +  @MISC{VG:​Heuberger04,​
 +   vgclass = {diploma},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   author = {Joris Heuberger},
 +   title = {Descripteur sémantique pour l'​indexation de vidéos: détection de visages (Face detection in video sequences)},​
 +   howpublished = {maîtrises thesis, University of Geneva},
 +   month = {décembre},​
 +   year = {2004}
 +  }
 +  @MISC{VG:​Campelo04,​
 +   vgclass = {diploma},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   author = {Roberto Campelo},
 +   title = {Collection guiding},
 +   howpublished = {maîtrises thesis, University of Geneva},
 +   month = {juillet},
 +   year = {2004}
 +  }
 +  @MISC{VG:​Chekroun04,​
 +   vgclass = {diploma},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   author = {Olivier Chekroun},
 +   title = {Partitionnement d'​image robuste pour l'​indexation par région (Robust image segmentation)},​
 +   howpublished = {maîtrises thesis, University of Geneva},
 +   month = {juillet},
 +   year = {2004}
 +  }
 +  @MISC{VG:​Annen03,​
 +   vgclass = {diploma},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   author = {Florian Annen},
 +   title = {GIFT: Mode'​lisation et propositions d'​évolution},​
 +   howpublished = {diploma thesis, University of Geneva},
 +   month = {mars},
 +   year = {2003}
 +  }
 +  @MISC{VG:​Jelmini02,​
 +   vgclass = {diploma},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   author = {Carlo Jelmini},
 +   title = {DEVA: Un modèle d'​annotation flexible pour les collections de documents visuels},
 +   howpublished = {diploma thesis, University of Geneva},
 +   month = {septembre},​
 +   year = {2002}
 +  }
 + @ARTICLE{VG:​ORP1998,​
 +   author = {Joe J. K. {{\'​O}~Ruanaidh} and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Rotation, scale and translation invariant spread spectrum digital
 + image watermarking},​
 +   journal = {Signal Processing},​
 +   year = {1998},
 +   volume = {66},
 +   pages = {303--317},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   number = {3},
 +   month = {May},
 +   note = {(Special Issue on Copyright Protection and Control, B. Macq and I.
 + Pitas, eds.)},
 +   abstract = {A digital watermark is an invisible mark embedded in a digital image
 + which may be used for a number of different purposes including image
 + captioning and copyright protection. This paper describes how a combination
 + of spread spectrum encoding of the embedded message and transform-based
 + invariants can be used for digital image watermarking. In particular,
 + it is described how a Fourier-Mellin-based approach can be used to
 + construct watermarks which are designed to be unaffected by any combination
 + of rotation and scale transformations. In addition, a novel method
 + of CDMA spread spectrum encoding is introduced which allows one to
 + embed watermark messages of arbitrary length and which need only
 + a secret key for decoding. The paper also describes the usefulness
 + of Reed Solomon error-correcting codes in this scheme.},
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​98/​ORuanaidhPun_sp98.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​98/​ORuanaidhPun_sp98.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​ORP1997,​
 +   author = {Joe J. K. {{\'​O}~Ruanaidh} and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Rotation, scale and translation invariant digital image watermarking},​
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of ICIP 97, IEEE International Conference on Image Processing},​
 +   year = {1997},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   pages = {536--539},
 +   address = {Santa Barbara, CA},
 +   month = {October},
 +   abstract = {A digital watermark is an invisible mark embedded in a digital image
 + which may be used for Copyright Protection. This paper describes
 + how Fourier-Mellin transform-based invariants can be used for digital
 + image watermarking. The embedded marks are designed to be unaffected
 + by any combination of rotation, scale and translation transformations.
 + The original image is not required for extracting the embedded mark.},
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​97/​ORuanaidhPun_icip97.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​97/​ORuanaidhPun_icip97.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{Alecu:​EUSIPCO2005:​DIMOG,​
 +   author = {Teodor Alecu and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Denoising with infinite mixture of Gaussians},
 +   booktitle = {Eusipco 2005, 13th. European Signal Processing Conference, Sept.
 + 4-8, Antalya, Turkey},
 +   year = {2005},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {bmi}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{Alecu:​EUSIPCO2005:​TGT,​
 +   author = {Teodor Alecu and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {The Gaussian transform},
 +   booktitle = {13th. European Signal Processing Conference},​
 +   year = {2005},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {bmi},
 +   address = {Antalya, Turkey},
 +   month = {September 4--8}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{BMI:​EUSIPCO2004,​
 +   author = {Teodor Alecu and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Localization properties of an EEG sensor system: lower bounds and
 + optimality},​
 +   booktitle = {EUSIPCO 2004, 12th European Signal Processing Conference},​
 +   year = {2004},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {bmi},
 +   address = {Vienna, Austria},
 +   month = {September 6-10},
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​Alecu_Eusipco2004.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{BMI:​ISBI04,​
 +   author = {Teodor Alecu and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {EEG Cortical Imaging: A Vector Field Approach For Laplacian Denoising
 + And Missing Data Estimation},​
 +   booktitle = {IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: From Nano to
 + Macro (ISBI'​04)},​
 +   year = {2004},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {bmi},
 +   address = {Arlington, VA},
 +   month = {April, 15-18},
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​Alecu2004__EEG_cortical_imaging_a_vector_field_approach.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{BMI:​SPIE2004,​
 +   author = {Teodor Alecu and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Regularized two-step brain activity reconstruction from spatio-temporal
 + EEG data},
 +   booktitle = {Image Reconstruction from Incomplete Data III, SPIE International
 + Symposium on Optical Science and Technology},​
 +   year = {2004},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {bmi},
 +   address = {Denver, Colorado, USA},
 +   month = {August 2-6},
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​Alecu2004_SPIE.pdf}
 + }
 + @PHDTHESIS{Alecu:​PhD,​
 +   author = {Teodor Iulian Alecu},
 +   title = {Robust Focalized Brain Activity Reconstruction using ElectroEncephaloGrams},​
 +   school = {University of Geneva},
 +   year = {2005},
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2005/​phdTeodorAlecu.pdf},​
 +   vgclass = {thesis},
 +   vgproject = {bmi}
 + }
 + @MISC{Alecu:​SIMILAR2004:​ONLEIP,​
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {bmi},
 +   author = {Teodor Iulian Alecu},
 +   title = {Overcoming noise limitations in the EEG Inverse Problem},
 +   howpublished = {EU NOE Similar Workshop},
 +   month = {November 8--9},
 +   year = {2004},
 +   note = {Sophia-Antipolis,​ France},
 +   address = {Sophia-Antipolis,​ France},
 +   booktitle = {EU NOE Similar Workshop}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{BMI:​Oct0404,​
 +   author = {Teodor Iulian Alecu},
 +   title = {Local estimation with global priors},
 +   institution = {Computer Vision and Multimedia Laboratory, Computing Centre, University
 + of Geneva},
 +   year = {2004},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {bmi},
 +   number = {04.04},
 +   address = {Rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211, Geneva, Switzerland},​
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2004/​LeGlob.pdf}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{BMI:​Nov0306,​
 +   author = {Teodor Iulian Alecu},
 +   title = {Inverse problem solutions and resolutions},​
 +   institution = {Computer Vision and Multimedia Laboratory, Computing Centre, University
 + of Geneva},
 +   year = {2003},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {bmi},
 +   number = {03.06},
 +   address = {Rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211, Geneva, Switzerland},​
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2003/​SaRotIP.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{Alecu:​SSP2005,​
 +   author = {Teodor Iulian Alecu and P. Missionnier and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy
 + and P. Giannakopoulos and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Soft/hard focalization in the EEG inverse problem},
 +   booktitle = {IEEE Workshop on Statistical Signal Processing {(SSP'​05)}},​
 +   year = {2005},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {BMI},
 +   address = {Bordeaux, France},
 +   month = {July, 17-20},
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2005/​SoftFocalizationSSP.pdf}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{Alecu:​SP2005:​GTD,​
 +   author = {Teodor Iulian Alecu and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {The Gaussian Transform of distributions:​ definition, computation
 + and application},​
 +   journal = {IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing},​
 +   year = {2006},
 +   volume = {54},
 +   pages = {2976--2985},​
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {bmi},
 +   month = {August},
 +   note = {(accepted October 2005)},
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2005/​IEEE_GT_DIMG_c1.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{Alecu2:​EUSIPCO2005,​
 +   author = {Teodor Iulian Alecu and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Denoising with infinite mixture of Gaussians},
 +   booktitle = { {EUSIPCO} 2005, 13th European Signal Processing Conference},​
 +   year = {2005},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {BMI},
 +   address = {Antalya, Turkey},
 +   month = {September 4-8},
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2005/​EUSIPCO-DIMG.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{Alecu:​AMI2004:​RTBARSTED,​
 +   author = {Teodor Iulian Alecu and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Regularized two-step brain activity reconstruction from spatio-temporal
 + EEG data},
 +   booktitle = {Joint AMI - PASCAL - (IM)2 - M4 Workshop on Multimodal Interaction
 + and related machine learning algorithms, Martigny, Switzerland,​ 21-23
 + June 2004},
 +   year = {2004},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {bmi}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{Alecu:​IM22003:​LPESSEMS,​
 +   author = {Teodor Iulian Alecu and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Localization properties of an EEG sensor system : electrode misplacement
 + sensitivity},​
 +   booktitle = {NCCR (IM)2 Interactive Multimodal Information Management Workshop,
 + MartignyCrans-Montana,​ Switzerland,​ October 6-8, 2003},
 +   year = {2003},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {bmi}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Ami2000,​
 +   vgclass = {diploma},
 +   vgproject = {external},
 +   author = {Ludovic Amiguet},
 +   title = {Simulation Visuelle 3D Du Vieillissement Du Visage},
 +   howpublished = {Diploma thesis (MSc), University of Geneva},
 +   month = {November},
 +   year = {2000}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{Ansari-Asl:​2007:​EUSIPCO,​
 +   author = {Karim Ansari-Asl and Guillaume Chanel and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {A channel selection method for EEG classification in emotion assessment
 + based on synchronization likelihood},​
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the 15th European Signal Processing Conference},​
 +   year = {2007},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {bmi},
 +   address = {Poznan, Poland},
 +   month = {September 3--7},
 +   owner = {beekhof},
 +   timestamp = {2007.08.29}
 + }
 + @MISC{Ansari-Asl:​2007:​NOE,​
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {bmi},
 +   author = {Karim Ansari-Asl and Guillaume Chanel and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {A Channel selection method for EEG classification in emotion assessment
 + based on synchronization likelihood},​
 +   howpublished = {Similar NOE Workshop},
 +   month = {June 4--5},
 +   year = {2007},
 +   note = {University of Magdeburg, Germany},
 +   address = {University of Magdeburg, Germany},
 +   booktitle = {Similar NOE Workshop},
 +   owner = {beekhof},
 +   timestamp = {2007.08.29}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​AHF1988,​
 +   author = {R. D. Appel and D. F. Hochstrasser and M. Funk and C. Roch and Thierry
 + Pun and Christian Pellegrini},​
 +   title = {Automatic classification of two-dimensional gel electrophoresis pictures
 + by heuristic clustering},​
 +   booktitle = {Electrophoresis'​88,​ Copenhagen, Denmark},
 +   year = {1988},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   month = {July}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​BNP1993,​
 +   author = {C. Baur and E. Natonek and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {The {P}otato {O}peration:​ robotic apparatus for handling and testing
 + natural objects},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Fruit, Nut and
 + Vegetable Production Engineering,​ Valencia, Spain},
 +   year = {1993},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   pages = {1--8},
 +   month = {March}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{Beekhof:​2008:​eForensics,​
 +   author = {Fokko Beekhof and Oleksiy Koval and Renato Vill\'​{a}n and Sviatoslav
 + Voloshynovskiy and Emre Topak},
 +   title = {Document Forensics based on Steganographic Anti-Counterfeiting Markings
 + and Mobile Architectures},​
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of eForensics},​
 +   year = {2008},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{Beekhof:​2007:​SPIE-RPH,​
 +   author = {Fokko Beekhof and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy and Oleksiy Koval and
 + Renato Vill{\'​a}n},​
 +   title = {Secure Surface Identification Codes},
 +   booktitle = {SPIE},
 +   year = {2008},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Bob1988,​
 +   vgclass = {licence},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   author = {Anne Bobillier},
 +   title = {G\'​en\'​erateur de signaux bidimensionnels},​
 +   howpublished = {Licence thesis (B.Sc.), University of Geneva},
 +   month = {February},
 +   year = {1988}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{Bologna:​2007:​EJIVP,​
 +   author = {Guido Bologna and Beno\^{i}t Deville and Thierry Pun and Michel Vinckenbosch},​
 +   title = {Transforming 3D coloured pixels into musical instrument notes for
 + vision substitution applications},​
 +   journal = {Eurasip Journal of Image and Video Processing, Special Issue: Image
 + and Video Processing for Disability},​
 +   year = {2007},
 +   volume = {2007},
 +   pages = {14},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {bmi},
 +   note = {2007, Article ID 76204, 14 pages (Open access article)},
 +   doi = {doi:​10.1155/​2007/​76204},​
 +   url = {http://​www.hindawi.com/​GetArticle.aspx?​doi=10.1155/​2007/​76204}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{Bologna:​IWINAC2007:​IMCPAEC,​
 +   author = {Guido Bologna and Beno\^{i}t Deville and Thierry Pun and Michel Vinckenbosch},​
 +   title = {Identifying major components of pictures by audio encoding of colors},
 +   booktitle = {IWINAC2007,​ 2nd. International Work-conference on the Interplay between
 + Natural and Artificial Computation,​ Murcia, Spain},
 +   year = {2007},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {seecolor},
 +   month = {June}
 + }
 + @MISC{Bologna:​SIMILAR2006:​TCBVI,​
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {seecolor},
 +   author = {Guido Bologna and Beno\^{i}t Deville and Thierry Pun and Michel Vinckenbosch},​
 +   title = {Touching colour when being visually impaired},
 +   howpublished = {Similar NOE Workshop},
 +   month = {June 8--9},
 +   year = {2006},
 +   note = {Heraklion, Greece},
 +   address = {Heraklion, Greece},
 +   booktitle = {Similar NoE Workshop}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​BLM1997,​
 +   author = {Holger Bosch and Abderrahim Labbi and Ruggero Milanese},
 +   title = {Attentional modulation of firing patterns for spiking neurons},
 +   booktitle = {2nd International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience},​
 +   year = {1997},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   address = {Research Triangle Park, North Carolina},
 +   month = {March},
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​97/​BoschLabbiMilanese_iccin97.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​97/​BoschLabbiMilanese_iccin97.pdf}
 + }
 + @PHDTHESIS{VG:​Bos1993,​
 +   author = {Jean-Marc Bost},
 +   title = {Active search for visual indexing in cluttered environments:​ from
 + relevance to delays (``Recherche active pour la reconnaissance primaire
 + d'​objets:​ le concept des d\'​elais''​)},​
 +   school = {University of Geneva},
 +   year = {1993},
 +   type = {{P}h.{D}. {D}issertation {N}o. 2656},
 +   address = {Switzerland},​
 +   month = {December},
 +   note = {Thesis Jury: Prof.~James L.~Crowley (LIFIA, Grenoble, FR), Dr.~Frank
 + Ade (ETH-Z\"​urich,​ CH), Prof.~Christian Pellegrini (Geneva, CH),
 + Prof.~Thierry Pun (director, Geneva, CH)},
 +   vgclass = {thesis},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​Bos1993a,​
 +   author = {Jean-Marc Bost},
 +   title = {Temporal precedence in asynchronous visual indexing},
 +   institution = {AI and Vision Group, Computing Centre, University of Geneva},
 +   year = {1993},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {93.02},
 +   address = {rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211 Gen\`eve, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {January}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​Bos1993b,​
 +   author = {Jean-Marc Bost},
 +   title = {Temporal delays for visual indexing in cluttered environments},​
 +   institution = {AI and Vision Group, Computing Centre, University of Geneva},
 +   year = {1993},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {93.03},
 +   address = {rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211 Gen\`eve, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {June}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​Bos1991,​
 +   author = {Jean-Marc Bost},
 +   title = {Discriminating agents for visual indexing},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings 3rd SGAICO Meeting (Swiss Group for Artificial Intelligence
 + and Cognitive Science), Biel-Bienne,​ Switzerland},​
 +   year = {1992},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   pages = {19--35},
 +   month = {October},
 +   note = {(published as: University of Bern, Institute for Comp. Science and
 + Mathematics,​ Technical Report IAM-91--004,​ H. Kaiser, R. Bach and
 + H. Bunke, Eds., March 1992)}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​Bos1990,​
 +   author = {Jean-Marc Bost},
 +   title = {Parallel access to high-level knowledge in a computer vision system},
 +   booktitle = {SGAICO'​90,​ Swiss Group for Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive
 + Science, Geneva, Switzerland},​
 +   year = {1990},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   month = {October}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{VG:​BBM1991,​
 +   author = {J.-M. Bost and P.-Y. Burgi and R. Milanese},
 +   title = {{SGAICO} 91, Report on the conference},​
 +   journal = {SI-Information,​ Bulletin of the Swiss Association for Computer Science},
 +   year = {1991},
 +   volume = {Proceedings of SGAICO},
 +   vgclass = {otherjournals},​
 +   vgproject = {unspecified}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​BMP1993,​
 +   author = {Jean-Marc Bost and Ruggero Milanese and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Temporal precedence in asynchronous visual indexing},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Computer Analysis
 + of Images and Patterns (CAIP'​93),​ Budapest, Hungary},
 +   year = {1993},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   editor = {D. Chetverikov and W. G. Kropatsch},
 +   number = {719},
 +   series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
 +   pages = {468--475},
 +   month = {September},​
 +   publisher = {Springer-Verlag}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​BMP1993a,​
 +   author = {Jean-Marc Bost and Ruggero Milanese and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Transforming an image into a data-flow for visual indexing},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Image Analysis
 + and Processing, Capitolo, Monopoli, Italy},
 +   year = {1993},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   editor = {S. Impedovo},
 +   pages = {298--301},
 +   month = {September},​
 +   publisher = {World Scientific}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​BSP1993,​
 +   author = {Jean-Marc Bost and Serguei Startchik and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Delaying as a key feature for visual indexing},
 +   booktitle = {Swiss Vision'​93 (5th SGAICO Symposium + 2nd Swiss IAPR Symposium),
 + Z\"​urich,​ Switzerland},​
 +   year = {1993},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   pages = {27--36},
 +   month = {September}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​Mar0303,​
 +   author = {Tayeb Bouzerda and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet},​
 +   title = {A flexible framework for the development of XML protocols: Applications
 + to MRML},
 +   institution = {Computer Vision and Multimedia Laboratory, Computing Centre, University
 + of Geneva},
 +   year = {2003},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   number = {03.03},
 +   address = {rue General Dufour, 24, CH-1211, Geneva, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {June}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Bri1991,​
 +   vgclass = {licence},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   author = {Claude Briffod},
 +   title = {Vision \`a la {G}rossberg ({S}imulation du mod\`ele monoculaire pr\'​eattentif},​
 +   howpublished = {Licence thesis (B.Sc.), University of Geneva},
 +   month = {February},
 +   year = {1991}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​BrB1991,​
 +   author = {C. Briffod and Pierre-Yves Burgi},
 +   title = {Vision \`a la {G}rossberg:​ simulation du mod\`ele monoculaire pr\'​eattentif},​
 +   institution = {AI and Vision Group, Computing Centre, University of Geneva},
 +   year = {1991},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {91.05},
 +   address = {rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211 Gen\`eve, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {April}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Bru1987,​
 +   vgclass = {licence},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   author = {Denis Brunet},
 +   title = {Conception et r\'​ealisation d'un logiciel pour mod\'​eliser et visualiser
 + des objets en trois dimensions par la m\'​ethode du tra\c cage de
 + rayons},
 +   howpublished = {Licence thesis (B.Sc.), University of Geneva},
 +   month = {October},
 +   year = {1987}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​BrP1993,​
 +   author = {Denis Brunet and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {A modular architecture for asynchronous visual processing},​
 +   booktitle = {Swiss Vision'​93 (5th SGAICO Symposium + 2nd Swiss IAPR Symposium),
 + Z\"​urich,​ Switzerland},​
 +   year = {1993},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   pages = {37--44},
 +   month = {September}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​BrP1991,​
 +   author = {Denis Brunet and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Multisource and color lighting for detection of small protuberances},​
 +   booktitle = {Optics, Illumination and Image Sensing for Machine Vision VI},
 +   year = {1991},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   volume = {1614},
 +   series = {SPIE Proceedings},​
 +   pages = {23--34},
 +   address = {Boston, USA},
 +   month = {November},
 +   note = {(SPIE Conference on Advances in Intelligent Robotic Systems)}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​BrP1991a,​
 +   author = {Denis Brunet and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {The {P}otato {O}peration:​ germs detection by shadows analysis and
 + controlled lighting},
 +   institution = {AI and Vision Group, Computing Centre, University of Geneva},
 +   year = {1991},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {91.03},
 +   address = {rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211 Gen\`eve, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {May}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{Bruno2007,​
 +   author = {Eric Bruno and Jana Kludas and St\'​ephane Marchand-Maillet},​
 +   title = {Combining Multimodal Preferences for Multimedia Information Retrieval},
 +   booktitle = {Proc. of International Workshop on Multimedia Information Retrieval},
 +   year = {2007},
 +   address = {Augsburg, Germany},
 +   month = {September},​
 +   owner = {beekhof},
 +   timestamp = {2007.10.09},​
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2007/​mir2007-bruno.pdf},​
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​BRUNO:​CBMI03,​
 +   author = {Eric Bruno and Stephane Marchand Maillet},
 +   title = {Nonlinear Temporal Modeling for Motion-based Video Overviewing},​
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop on Content-Based Multimedia
 + Indexing, CBMI'​03},​
 +   year = {2003},
 +   address = {Rennes, France},
 +   month = {September},​
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2003/​bruno_cbmi03.pdf},​
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​BRUNO:​GRETSI03,​
 +   author = {Eric Bruno and Stephane Marchand Maillet},
 +   title = {Pr{\'​e}diction Temporelle de Descripteurs Visuels pour la Mesure
 + de Similarit{\'​e} entre Vid{\'​e}os},​
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the GRETSI'​03},​
 +   year = {2003},
 +   address = {Paris, France},
 +   month = {September},​
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2003/​bruno_gretsi03.pdf},​
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{bruno_amr05,​
 +   author = {Eric Bruno and Nicolas Moenne-Loccoz and St{\'​e}phane Marchand Maillet},
 +   title = {Learning User Queries in Multimodal Dissimilarity Spaces},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop on Adaptive Multimedia
 + Retrieval,​ AMR'05 },
 +   year = {2005},
 +   address = {Glasgow, UK},
 +   month = {July},
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2005/​BrunoDissiSpaces.AMR05.pdf},​
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{bruno_mlmm05,​
 +   author = {Eric Bruno and Nicolas Moenne-Loccoz and St{\'​e}phane Marchand Maillet},
 +   title = {Interactive Video Retrieval based on Multimodal Dissimilarity Representation},​
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the Machine Learning Techniques for Processing Multimedia
 + Content- ICML workshop, MLMM'​05},​
 +   year = {2005},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   address = {Bonn, Germany},
 +   month = {August},
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2005/​bruno_MLMM05.pdf},​
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{Bruno,​
 +   author = {Eric Bruno and Nicolas Moenne-Loccoz and St\'​ephane Marchand-Maillet},​
 +   title = {Design of multimodal dissimilarity spaces for retrieval of multimedia
 + documents},​
 +   journal = {To appear in IEEE Transaction on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence},​
 +   owner = {beekhof},
 +   timestamp = {2007.10.09},​
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2007/​EricBrunoPAMI.2007.08.pdf},​
 +          year = {2008},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{Bruno2006,​
 +   author = {Eric Bruno and Nicolas Moenne-Loccoz and St\'​ephane Marchand-Maillet},​
 +   title = {Asymmetric Learning and Dissimilarity Spaces for Content-based Retrieval},
 +   booktitle = {Proc. of International Conference on Image and Video Retrieval (CIVR)},
 +   year = {2006},
 +   pages = {330-339},
 +   address = {Tempe, AZ},
 +   month = {July},
 +   owner = {beekhof},
 +   timestamp = {2007.10.09},​
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2006/​bruno_civr06.pdf},​
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{BrunoPAA05,​
 +   author = {Eric Bruno and Nicolas Moenne-Loccoz and Stephane Marchand-Maillet},​
 +   title = {Unsupervised Event Discrimination Based on Nonlinear Temporal Modelling
 + of Activity},
 +   journal = {Pattern Analysis and Application,​ special issue on Video Event Mining},
 +   year = {2005},
 +   note = {DOI: 10.1007/​s10044-005-0242-9},​
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2005/​BrunoEventDiscrimination.PAA.pdf},​
 +   url1 = 
 + {http://​www.springerlink.com/​app/​home/​contribution.asp?​wasp=b1cbf65840c14b68b90b05e5fe44bbdc\&​referrer=parent\&​backto=issue,​2,​11;​journal,​1,​23;​linkingpublicationresults,​1:​103609,​1},​
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{Bruno2004,​
 +   author = {Eric Bruno and Nicolas Moenne-Loccoz and St\'​ephane Marchand-Maillet},​
 +   title = {Unsupervised Event Discrimination Based on Nonlinear Temporal Modelling
 + of Activity},
 +   journal = {Pattern Analysis and Application},​
 +   year = {2004},
 +   volume = {7},
 +   pages = {402-410},
 +   number = {4},
 +   month = {December},
 +   owner = {beekhof},
 +   timestamp = {2007.10.09},​
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2005/​BrunoEventDiscrimination.PAA.pdf},​
 +   url1 = 
 + {http://​www.springerlink.com/​app/​home/​contribution.asp?​wasp=b1cbf65840c14b68b90b05e5fe44bbdc\&​referrer=parent\&​backto=issue,​2,​11;​journal,​1,​23;​linkingpublicationresults,​1:​103609,​1},​
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper}
 + }
 + @CONFERENCE{Bruno2002,​
 +   author = {E. Bruno and D. Pellerin},
 +   title = {Video structuring,​ indexing and retrieval based on global motion
 + wavelet coefficients },
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of International Conference of Pattern Recognition (ICPR)},
 +   year = {2002},
 +   address = {Quebec City, Canada},
 +   month = {August},
 +   owner = {beekhof},
 +   timestamp = {2007.10.09},​
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2002/​bruno_icpr.pdf},​
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper}
 + }
 + @CONFERENCE{Bruno2002a,​
 +   author = {E. Bruno and D. Pellerin},
 +   title = {Video shot detection based on temporal linear prediction of motion},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and
 + Exposition (ICME)},
 +   year = {2002},
 +   address = {Lausanne, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {August},
 +   owner = {beekhof},
 +   timestamp = {2007.10.09},​
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2002/​bruno_icme.pdf},​
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​PAAVBED01,​
 +   author = {{\'​E}ric Bruno and Nicolas Mo{\"​e}nne-Loccoz and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet},​
 +   title = {Unsupervised Event Discrimination Based on Nonlinear Temporal Modelling
 + of Activity},
 +   booktitle = {Pattern Analysis and Application {(PAA)}, special issue on Video
 + Based Event Detection, to appear},
 +   year = {2001},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Buc1987,​
 +   vgclass = {diploma},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   author = {Markus Buchi},
 +   title = {Labo {I}mage: conception et r\'​ealisation d'un logiciel de morphologie
 + math\'​ematique binaire},
 +   howpublished = {Diploma thesis, University of Geneva},
 +   month = {December},
 +   year = {1987}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​Bui1997,​
 +   author = {J.-F. Buisson},
 +   title = {Environnement s\'​ecuris\'​e pour les watermarks},​
 +   institution = {Computer Vision Group, Computing Centre, University of Geneva and
 + r3 Security Engineering},​
 +   year = {1997},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   number = {97.08},
 +   address = {rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211 Gen\`eve, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {September}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​Bur1991,​
 +   author = {Pierre-Yves Burgi},
 +   title = {Figure-ground separation: evidence for asynchronous processing in
 + visual perception?​},​
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings 3rd SGAICO Meeting (Swiss Group for Artificial Intelligence
 + and Cognitive Science), Biel-Bienne,​ Switzerland},​
 +   year = {1992},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   pages = {36--48},
 +   month = {October},
 +   note = {(published as: University of Bern, Institute for Comp. Science and
 + Mathematics,​ Technical Report IAM-91--004,​ H. Kaiser, R. Bach and
 + H. Bunke, Eds., March 1992)}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​Bur1992,​
 +   author = {Pierre-Yves Burgi},
 +   title = {Active segmentation:​ a consequence of asynchrony in visual analysis},
 +   booktitle = {1st Swiss Symposium on Pattern Recognition and Computer Vision, Lausanne,
 + Switzerland},​
 +   year = {1992},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   pages = {75--83},
 +   month = {January}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{VG:​Bur1992a,​
 +   author = {Pierre-Yves Burgi},
 +   title = {Analysis and understanding of neuronal structures},​
 +   journal = {Neurocomputing},​
 +   year = {1992},
 +   volume = {4},
 +   pages = {137--166},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified}
 + }
 + @PHDTHESIS{VG:​Bur1992b,​
 +   author = {Pierre-Yves Burgi},
 +   title = {Understanding the early human visual system through modeling and
 + temporal analysis of neuronal structures},​
 +   school = {University of Geneva},
 +   year = {1992},
 +   type = {{P}h.{D}. {D}issertation {N}o. 2536},
 +   address = {Switzerland},​
 +   note = {Thesis Jury: Prof.~Murat Kunt (EPF-Lausanne,​ CH), Dr.\ Simon Thorpe
 + (Neurosciences,​ Paris, FR), Prof.~Christian Pellegrini (Geneva, CH),
 + Prof.~Thierry Pun (director, Geneva, CH)},
 +   vgclass = {thesis},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified}
 + }
 + @INCOLLECTION{VG:​BuP1991,​
 +   author = {Pierre-Yves Burgi and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Temporal analysis of contrast and geometric selectivity in early
 + human visual system},
 +   booktitle = {Channels in the Visual Nervous System: Neurophysiology,​ Psychophysics,​
 + Models},
 +   publisher = {Freund},
 +   year = {1991},
 +   editor = {B. Blum},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{VG:​BuP1994,​
 +   author = {Pierre-Yves Burgi and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Asynchronous image analysis: using the relationship luminance-to-latency
 + to improve segmentation},​
 +   journal = {Journal of the Optical Society of America (A)},
 +   year = {1994},
 +   volume = {11},
 +   pages = {1720--1726},​
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {6},
 +   month = {June}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​BuP1993,​
 +   author = {Pierre-Yves Burgi and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Asynchrony in image analysis: using the relationship luminance-to-response-latency
 + to improve segmentation},​
 +   institution = {AI and Vision Group, Computing Centre, University of Geneva},
 +   year = {1993},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {93.04},
 +   address = {rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211 Gen\`eve, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {June}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​BuP1991a,​
 +   author = {Pierre-Yves Burgi and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Figure-ground separation: evidences for asynchronous processing in
 + visual perception?​},​
 +   booktitle = {Neural Networks for Vision and Image Processing, Boston, USA},
 +   year = {1991},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   month = {May}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​BuP1991b,​
 +   author = {Pierre-Yves Burgi and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Figure-ground separation: evidences for asynchronous processing in
 + visual perception?​},​
 +   booktitle = {13th European Conference on Visual Perception, Vilnius, Lithuania},
 +   year = {1991},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   month = {August}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​BuP1990,​
 +   author = {Pierre-Yves Burgi and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Temporal analysis and modeling of the visual circuitry},
 +   booktitle = {SGAICO'​90,​ Swiss Group for Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive
 + Science, Geneva, Switzerland},​
 +   year = {1990},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   month = {October}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​BPP1989,​
 +   author = {Pierre-Yves Burgi and Thierry Pun and Christian Pellegrini},​
 +   title = {Temporal analysis and modeling of the visual circuitry},
 +   booktitle = {12th European Conference on Visual Perception, Jerusalem-Haifa,​ Israel},
 +   year = {1989},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   month = {September},​
 +   note = {Also appears in: \emph{Perception},​ 4(18)}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{VG:​BPP1989a,​
 +   author = {Pierre-Yves Burgi and Thierry Pun and Christian Pellegrini},​
 +   title = {Temporal analysis and modeling of the visual circuitry},
 +   journal = {Perception},​
 +   year = {1989},
 +   volume = {4},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {18}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Cha2001,​
 +   vgclass = {licence},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   author = {Nicolas Chabloz},
 +   title = {Cr\'​eation D'un Client Pour Le Syst\`eme de Recherche D'​images {\it
 + Viper}},
 +   howpublished = {Licence thesis (BSc), University of Geneva},
 +   month = {October},
 +   year = {2001},
 +   url = {http://​viper.unige.ch/​demo.php}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​Cha1992,​
 +   author = {Lawrence Chachere},
 +   title = {A Knowledge-based approach for acquiring visual features},
 +   booktitle = {10th Nat. Conference on AI (AAAI-92), Workshop on constrained Learning
 + with Prior Knowledge, San-Jose, CA, USA},
 +   year = {1992},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   month = {July},
 +   note = {(research summary)}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​Cha1992a,​
 +   author = {Lawrence Chachere},
 +   title = {A knowledge-based learning approach for acquiring characteristic
 + visual features},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings SGAICO'​92,​ Neuch\^atel,​ Switzerland},​
 +   year = {1992},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   month = {September}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​CGP1993,​
 +   author = {Lawrence Chachere and Catherine De Garrini and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Extracting symbolic features defined by natural language for construction
 + of a visual object recognition knowledge base},
 +   booktitle = {Swiss Vision'​93 (5th SGAICO Symposium + 2nd Swiss IAPR Symposium),
 + Z\"​urich,​ Switzerland},​
 +   year = {1993},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   pages = {131--136},
 +   month = {September},​
 +   note = {(Talk prepared and presented by Thierry Pun)}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​ChP1993,​
 +   author = {Lawrence Chachere and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Extracting a domain theory from natural language to construct a knowledge
 + base for visual recognition},​
 +   booktitle = {AAAI Fall Symposium Series: Machine Learning in Computer Vision:
 + What, Why and How?, Raleigh, NC, USA},
 +   year = {1993},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   pages = {85--89},
 +   address = {Menlo-Park,​ CA},
 +   month = {October},
 +   publisher = {AAAI Press},
 +   note = {(TR FS-93--04)}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{Chanel:​2007:​SMC,​
 +   author = {Guillaume Chanel and Karim Ansari-Asl and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Valence-arousal evaluation using physiological signals in an emotion
 + recall paradigm},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE SMC and International Conference on Systems,
 + Man and Cybernetics,​ Smart cooperative systems and cybernetics:​ advancing
 + knowledge and security for humanity},
 +   year = {2007},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {bmi},
 +   address = {Montreal, Canada},
 +   month = {October 7--10},
 +   owner = {beekhof},
 +   timestamp = {2007.08.29}
 + }
 + @MISC{Chanel:​HUMABIO:​TEAPR,​
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {bmi},
 +   author = {Guillaume Chanel and Karim Ansari-Asl and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {From thoughts to emotions: emotional state assessment using physiological
 + recordings},​
 +   howpublished = {HUMABIO EU Project Workshop,​``Securing infrastructures and enhancing
 + safety in critical operations, Humabio physiological and behavioural
 + biometrics for unobtrusive authentication and monitoring''​},​
 +   month = {Feb 2},
 +   year = {2007},
 +   address = {Basel, Switzerland}
 + }
 + @MISC{Chanel:​HUMAINE:​PRPCS,​
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {bmi},
 +   author = {Guillaume Chanel and Julien Kronegg and Didier Grandjean and Teodor
 + Iulian Alecu and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Pattern recognition in peripheral and central signaling},
 +   howpublished = {Workshop on Multimodal synchronization in affective expressions,​
 + Humaine European NOE 3rd Summer School and Affective Sciences NCCR},
 +   month = {Sept 22--24},
 +   year = {2006},
 +   note = {Genova, Italy (Invited long presentation)},​
 +   address = {Genova, Italy}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{Chanel:​MRCS:​EAAEEGPERI,​
 +   author = {Guillaume Chanel and Julien Kronegg and Didier Grandjean and Thierry
 + Pun},
 +   title = {Emotion assessment: Arousal evaluation using EEG's and peripheral
 + physiological signals},
 +   booktitle = {Proc. Int. Workshop Multimedia Content Representation,​ Classification
 + and Security (MRCS), Special Session: Multimodal Signal Processing},​
 +   year = {2006},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {bmi},
 +   address = {Istanbul, Turkey},
 +   month = {Sept 11--13}
 + }
 + @MISC{Chanel:​SIMILAR:​EAPS,​
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {bmi},
 +   author = {Guillaume Chanel and Julien Kronegg and Didier Grandjean and Thierry
 + Pun},
 +   title = {Emotion assessment using physiological signals},
 +   howpublished = {Similar NOE Workshop},
 +   month = {June 8--9},
 +   year = {2006},
 +   note = {Heraklion, Greece},
 +   address = {Heraklion, Greece}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{CHANEL.05.02,​
 +   author = {Guillaume Chanel and Julien Kronegg and Didier Grandjean and Thierry
 + Pun},
 +   title = {Emotion Assessment: Arousal Evaluation Using EEG's and Peripheral
 + Physiological Signals},
 +   institution = {Computer Vision and Multimedia Laboratory, Computing Centre, University
 + of Geneva},
 +   year = {2005},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {bmi},
 +   month = {December 15},
 +   abstract = {The arousal dimension of human emotions is assessed from two different
 + physiological sources: peripheral signals and electroencephalographic
 + (EEG) signals from the brain. A complete acquisition protocol is
 + presented to build a physiological emotional database for real participants.
 + Arousal assessment is then formulated as a classification problem,
 + with classes corresponding to 2 or 3 degrees of arousal. The performance
 + of 2 classifiers has been evaluated, on peripheral signals, on EEG's,
 + and on both. Results confirm the possibility of using EEG's to assess
 + the arousal component of emotion, and the interest of multimodal
 + fusion between EEG's and peripheral physiological signals.},
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2005/​RAPPORT_TECH_05.02.pdf}
 + }
 + @MISC{Chanel:​SIMILAR:​EAPS2,​
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {bmi},
 +   author = {Guillaume Chanel and Julien Kronegg and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Emotion assessment using physiological signals},
 +   howpublished = {Similar NOE Workshop},
 +   month = {November 9--10},
 +   year = {2005},
 +   note = {Barcelona, Spain},
 +   address = {Barcelona, Spain}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​Che1997,​
 +   author = {Michel Cherbuliez},​
 +   title = {Wavelet-Based Image Querying},
 +   institution = {Computer Vision Group, Computing Centre, University of Geneva},
 +   year = {1997},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {dvp,cbir},
 +   number = {97.02},
 +   address = {rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211 Gen\`eve, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {February}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Che1997a,​
 +   vgclass = {diploma},
 +   vgproject = {dvp,cbir},
 +   author = {Michel Cherbuliez},​
 +   title = {Content-based image querying},
 +   howpublished = {Diploma thesis, University of Geneva},
 +   month = {October},
 +   year = {1997},
 +   abstract = {In this document, we investigate the problem of performing content-based
 + image retrieval on a database containing several hundreds of images.
 + The goal is to facilitate the task of television broadcasters,​ and
 + specifically archivists, while looking for a piece of news or a documentary.
 + Currently,​ they perform a text-based query in a database, and then
 + visualize numerous video tapes to find the specific clip they were
 + looking for. Content-based search opens new horizons for performing
 + this task because it is faster and more user-friendly. We describe
 + two methods for content-based image retrieval. The first one is based
 + on the Haar wavelet decompositions of images, which has already been
 + used for image retrieval. We propose enhancements and optimizations
 + to get more accurate results. The second method is a novel one, and
 + exploits invariant properties of the Fourier-Mellin transform in
 + order to overcome some limitations of the wavelet-based method. We
 + finally compare both methods and discuss about the results we obtained.
 + We show that the results given by the Fourier-Mellin based method
 + are better suited for content-based image retrieval.},​
 +   keywords = {Content based, image retrieval, data-mining,​ wavelet transforms, Fourier
 + transform,​ logarithmic polar transform}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Cro2001,​
 +   vgclass = {licence},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   author = {Rita Crotta},
 +   title = {Le D\'​eveloppement D'​outils de Recherche Dans Une Base de Donn\'​ees
 + Multim\'​edia},​
 +   howpublished = {Licence thesis, CESID, University of Geneva},
 +   month = {October},
 +   year = {2001}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​CD1999,​
 +   author = {Gabriella Csurka and Fr{\'​e}d{\'​e}ric Deguillaume and Joseph J. K.
 + {{\'​O}~Ruanaidh} and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {A {B}ayesian approach to affine transformation resistant image and
 + video watermarking},​
 +   booktitle = {International Workshop on Information Hiding},
 +   year = {1999},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   volume = {LNCS 1768},
 +   series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
 +   pages = {270--285},
 +   address = {Dresden, Germany},
 +   month = {29~September~--1~October},​
 +   publisher = {Springer Verlag},
 +   abstract = {This paper proposes a new approach for assessing the presence of a
 + digital watermark in images and videos. This approach relies on a
 + Bayesian formulation that allows to compute the probability that
 + a watermark was generated using a given key. The watermarking itself
 + relies on the discrete Fourier transform (DFT) of the image, of video
 + frames or of three dimensional chunks of video scene. Two kinds of
 + information are hidden in the digital data: a watermark and a template.
 + Both are encoded using an owner key to ensure the system security
 + and are embedded in the 2D or 3D DFT magnitude of the image or video.
 + The watermark is encoded in the form of a spread spectrum signal.
 + The template is a key based grid and is used to detect and invert
 + the effect of an affine geometric transformation (rotations, scaling
 + and/or aspect ratio change) or in the case of the video frame-rate
 + changes, aspect-ratio modification and rescaling of frames. It is
 + shown that, for the spread spectrum signal described in the paper,
 + it is possible to positively detect the presence of a watermark without
 + necessarily decoding it, given only the key used to generate it.
 + To do that, the Bayesian approach allows the deduction of the relative
 + log-probability of the presence of a watermark in an image given
 + only the key. All that is required for positive watermark verification
 + is the key. This approach also allows to infer the number of bits
 + contained in the watermark. The performance of the presented techniques
 + and the usefulness of the relative log-probability are shown through
 + various applications and experimental results.},
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​99/​CsurkaDeguillaumeORuanaidhPun_wih99.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​99/​CsurkaDeguillaumeORuanaidhPun_wih99.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​CDO1999,​
 +   author = {Gabriella Csurka and Fr{\'​e}d{\'​e}ric Deguillaume and Joseph J. K.
 + {{\'​O}~Ruanaidh} and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Tatouage d'​images bas\'e sur la transform\'​ee de Fourier discr\`ete},​
 +   booktitle = {5\`emes Journ\'​ees d'​\'​etudes et d'​\'​echanges ``Compression et Repr\'​esentation
 + des Signaux Audiovisuels''​ (CORESA 99)},
 +   year = {1999},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   address = {Sophia-Antipolis,​ Alpes-Maritimes,​ France},
 +   month = {14--15 juin},
 +   abstract = {Le tatouage d'​images est un champ de recherche r\'​ecent et tr\`es
 + prometteur,​ ayant pour but de d\'​ecourager la copie et la distribution
 + illicite de mat\'​eriel prot\'​eg\'​e,​ ainsi que la protection de la
 + propri\'​et\'​e intellectuelle des donn\'​ees digitales. L'​id\'​ee de
 + base est d'​ins\'​erer une information sous la forme d'un filigrane
 + digital concernant le propri\'​etaire de l'​image,​ de m\^eme que des
 + instructions concernant son copyright. Il est important que d'un
 + c\^ot\'​e l'​extraction ou la suppression de cette information de l'​image
 + soit difficile voire impossible, et d'un autre c\^ot\'​e que la distorsion
 + introduite dans l'​image par le filigrane soit minimale et invisible
 + \ldots},
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​99/​CsurkaDeguillaumeORuanaidhPun_coresa99.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​99/​CsurkaDeguillaumeORuanaidhPun_coresa99.pdf}
 + }
 + @PHDTHESIS{VG:​Deg2002,​
 +   author = {Fr{\'​e}d{\'​e}ric Deguillaume},​
 +   title = {Hybrid robust watermarking and tamperproofing of visual media},
 +   school = {Computer Vision and Multimedia Laboratory, University of Geneva},
 +   year = {2002},
 +   address = {Geneva, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {October},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​Deg1997,​
 +   author = {Fr{\'​e}d{\'​e}ric Deguillaume},​
 +   title = {Segementation de films vid\'​eos,​ et caract\'​erisation des mouvements
 + de cam\'​era},​
 +   institution = {Computer Vision Group, Computing Centre, University of Geneva},
 +   year = {1997},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {dvp,cbir},
 +   number = {97.01},
 +   address = {rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211 Gen\`eve, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {February}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Deg1997a,​
 +   vgclass = {diploma},
 +   vgproject = {dvp,cbir},
 +   author = {Fr{\'​e}d{\'​e}ric Deguillaume},​
 +   title = {Segmentation de Clips Vid\'​eo et Caract\'​erisation des Mouvements
 + de la Cam\'​era},​
 +   howpublished = {Diploma thesis, University of Geneva},
 +   month = {December},
 +   year = {1997}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​DCO1999,​
 +   author = {Fr{\'​e}d{\'​e}ric Deguillaume and Gabriella Csurka and Joe J. K. {{\'​O}~Ruanaidh}
 + and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Robust {3D} {DFT} Video Watermarking},​
 +   booktitle = {IS\&​T/​SPIE'​s 11th Annual Symposium, Electronic Imaging '99: Security
 + and Watermarking of Multimedia Contents},
 +   year = {1999},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   editor = {Wah Wong, Ping and Edward J. Delp},
 +   volume = {3657},
 +   series = {SPIE Proceedings},​
 +   pages = {113--124},
 +   address = {San Jose, California USA},
 +   month = {23--29~January},​
 +   note = {Paper EI 3657-13 (Program on Multimedia Processing and Applications)},​
 +   abstract = {This paper proposes a new approach for digital watermarking and secure
 + copyright protection of videos, the principal aim being to discourage
 + illicit copying and distribution of copyrighted material. The method
 + presented here is based on the discrete Fourier transform (DFT) of
 + three dimensional chunks of video scene, in contrast with previous
 + works on video watermarking where each video frame was marked separately,
 + or where only intra-frame or motion compensation parameters were
 + marked in MPEG compressed videos. Two kinds of information are hidden
 + in the video: a watermark and a template. Both are encoded using
 + an owner key to ensure the system security and are embedded in the
 + 3D DFT magnitude of video chunks. The watermark is a copyright information
 + encoded in the form of a spread spectrum signal. The template is
 + a key based grid and is used to detect and invert the effect of frame-rate
 + changes, aspect-ratio modification and rescaling of frames. The template
 + search and matching is performed in the log-log-log map of the 3D
 + DFT magnitude. The performance of the presented technique is evaluated
 + experimentally and compared with a frame-by-frame 2D DFT watermarking
 + approach.},​
 +   keywords = {video watermarking,​ MPEG, 3D discrete Fourier transform, log-polar-log
 + and log-log-log mapping, spread spectrum},
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​99/​DeguillaumeCsurkaORuanaidhPun_eiswmc99.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​99/​DeguillaumeCsurkaORuanaidhPun_eiswmc99.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​DCP2000,​
 +   author = {Fr{\'​e}d{\'​e}ric Deguillaume and Gabriella Csurka and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Countermeasures for unintentional and intentional video watermarking
 + attacks},
 +   booktitle = {IS\&​T/​SPIE'​s 12th Annual Symposium, Electronic Imaging 2000: Security
 + and Watermarking of Multimedia Content II},
 +   year = {2000},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   editor = {Wah Wong, Ping and Edward J. Delp},
 +   volume = {3971},
 +   series = {SPIE Proceedings},​
 +   address = {San Jose, California USA},
 +   month = {23--28~January},​
 +   note = {(Paper EI 3971-33)},
 +   abstract = {The rapidly growing digital multimedia market has revealed an urgent
 + need for effective copyright protection mechanisms. Therefore, digital
 + audio, image and video watermarking has recently become a very active
 + area of research. Many important issues have been pointed out, one
 + of them being the robustness to non-intentional and intentional attacks.
 + This paper studies some attacks and proposes countermeasures applied
 + to videos. General attacks are lossy copying/​transcoding (such as
 + MPEG compression and digital/​analogic conversion),​ changes of frame-rate,
 + changes of display format, and geometrical distortions. More specific
 + attacks are sequence edition, and statistical attacks such as averaging
 + or collusion. Averaging attack consists of the local averaging of
 + consecutive frames in order to cancel the watermark. This attack
 + works well for schemes which embed random independent marks into
 + frames. In collusion attacks the watermark is first estimated by
 + averaging frames from different scenes, and is then substracted from
 + each frame. Collusion works well when the same mark was embedded
 + in all frames. The proposed countermeasure first ensures robustness
 + to general attacks by Spread Spectrum encoding of the watermark in
 + the frequency domain and by the use of an additional synchronization
 + template. Secondly, a Bayesian criterion which evaluates the probability
 + of a correctly decoded watermark, is used for the rejection the of
 + outliers, that is of incorrect watermarks. This Bayesian approach
 + also allows to resit to statistical attacks. The idea is to embed
 + randomly chosen marks among a finite set of marks, into subsequences
 + of videos which are long enough to resist averaging attacks, but
 + short enough to avoid collusion attacks. The Bayesian criterion is
 + needed to select the correct mark at the decoding step. Finally,
 + the paper presents experimental results showing the robustness of
 + the proposed method.},
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2000/​DeguillaumeCsurkaPun_spie2000.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2000/​DeguillaumeCsurkaPun_spie2000.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{Deguillaume:​2005:​ICME05,​
 +   author = {Fr\'​{e}d\'​{e}ric Deguillaume and Y. Rytsar and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy
 + and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Data-hiding based text document security and automatic processing},​
 +   booktitle = {IEEE International Conference on Multimedia \& Expo (ICME) 2005},
 +   year = {2005},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   address = {Amsterdam, The Netherlands},​
 +   month = {July 6-8},
 +   note = {submitted}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​DVPMP2001,​
 +   vgclass = {otherjournals},​
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   author = {Fr{\'​e}d{\'​e}ric Deguillaume and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy and Shelby
 + Pereira and Maribel Madue{\~n}o and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Filigranage D'​images Digitales},
 +   howpublished = {Bull. ASE/SEV},
 +   month = {April},
 +   year = {2001},
 +   pages = {19-27},
 +   volume = {9}
 + }
 + @MISC{Deguillaume:​2004:​CVG,​
 +   vgclass = {patent},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   author = {Fr{\'​e}d{\'​e}ric Deguillaume and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy and Thierry
 + Pun},
 +   title = {Character and vector graphics watermark for structured electronic
 + documents security},
 +   howpublished = {US Patent Application 10/​949,​318},​
 +   month = {September 27},
 +   year = {2004},
 +   note = {(pending)}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{Deguillaume:​2003:​SHR,​
 +   author = {Fr{\'​e}d{\'​e}ric Deguillaume and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy and Thierry
 + Pun},
 +   title = {Secure hybrid robust watermarking resistant against tampering and
 + copy-attack},​
 +   journal = {Signal Processing},​
 +   year = {2003},
 +   volume = {83},
 +   pages = {2133--2170},​
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   number = {10},
 +   month = {October},
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2003/​SP-SpecialSection2003_SecureHybridRobustWatermarking.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​DVP2002b,​
 +   author = {Fr{\'​e}d{\'​e}ric Deguillaume and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy and Thierry
 + Pun},
 +   title = { Method for the Estimation and Recovering from General Affine Transforms
 + in Digital Watermarking Applications},​
 +   booktitle = {SPIE Photonics West, Electronic Imaging 2002, Security and Watermarking
 + of Multimedia Contents IV},
 +   year = {2002},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   address = {San Jose, CA, USA},
 +   month = {January 20-24},
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2002/​DeguillaumeVoloshynovskiyPun_SPIE2002.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2002/​DeguillaumeVoloshynovskiyPun_SPIE2002.pdf}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​DVP2002c,​
 +   vgclass = {patent},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   author = { Fr{\'​e}d{\'​e}ric Deguillaume and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy and Thierry
 + Pun},
 +   title = { A method for hybrid robust watermarking and tamper proofing},
 +   howpublished = {US Patent Application},​
 +   month = {filed June 2, 2002},
 +   year = {2002}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​DVP2002d,​
 +   vgclass = {patent},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   author = { Fr{\'​e}d{\'​e}ric Deguillaume and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy and Thierry
 + Pun},
 +   title = {A method for the estimation and recovering of general affine transform},
 +   howpublished = {US Patent Application},​
 +   month = {filed January 19, 2002},
 +   year = {2002}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​DVP2002f,​
 +   author = {Fr{\'​e}d{\'​e}ric Deguillaume and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy and Thierry
 + Pun},
 +   title = {Hybrid robust watermarking resistant against copy attack},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the European Signal Processing Conference {(EUSIPCO2002)}},​
 +   year = {2002},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   address = {Toulouse, France},
 +   month = {September},​
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2002/​DeguillaumeVoloshynovskiyPun_EUSIPCO2002.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​DSM1992,​
 +   author = {J.-D. Dessimoz and P.-A. Sch{\"​u}pbach and A. Mercier and Thierry
 + Pun},
 +   title = {Do {I} need a robot or a non-robot automated system?},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings 1992 IEEE/RSJ Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems,
 + Raleigh, North Carolina, USA},
 +   year = {1992},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   pages = {1161--1168},​
 +   month = {July}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​DSM1992a,​
 +   author = {J.-D. Dessimoz and P.-A. Sch{\"​u}pbach and A. Mercier and Thierry
 + Pun},
 +   title = {Choosing a robot versus another automated system},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings 23rd International Symposium on Industrial Robots, Barcelona,
 + Spain},
 +   year = {1992},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   pages = {661--666},
 +   month = {October}
 + }
 + @MISC{Deville:​2007:​NOE,​
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {bmi},
 +   author = {Beno\^{i}t Deville and Guido Bologna and Michel Vinckenbosch and
 + Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Guiding the focus of attention of blind people using saliency},
 +   howpublished = {Similar NOE Workshop},
 +   month = {June 4--5},
 +   year = {2007},
 +   note = {University of Magdeburg, Germany},
 +   address = {University of Magdeburg, Germany},
 +   booktitle = {Similar NOE Workshop},
 +   owner = {beekhof},
 +   timestamp = {2007.08.29}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Dou1999,​
 +   vgclass = {licence},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   author = {Daniel Doubrovkine},​
 +   title = {Rx cervicales, {S}yst\`eme d'​analyse pour la radiologie cervicale
 + fonctionelle},​
 +   howpublished = {Licence thesis (B.Sc.), University of Geneva},
 +   month = {March},
 +   year = {1999},
 +   note = {(En collaboration avec le Dr. Paul Cohen, chef de clinique adjoint
 + de la clinique de r\'​e\'​education de l'​H\^opital Cantonal de Gen\`eve.)},​
 +   abstract = {Dans leur travail quotidien avec des patients, des chirurgien et des
 + neurologues tr\`es sp\'​ecialis\'​es sont amen\'​es \`a examiner des
 + centaines d'​images radiographi\'​ees et \`a d\'​etecter des dizaines
 + d'​anomalies telles que des d\'​eplacements vert\'​ebraux. Ce travail
 + minutieux n\'​ecessite un professionnalisme sans \'egal et une concentration
 + extr\^eme. Les cas \'​etudi\'​es ne pr\'​esentent que tr\`es rarement
 + des probl\`emes visibles \`a l'​\oeil nu et des mesures particuli\`erement
 + pr\'​ecises d\'​ecident toujours d'un besoin d'​intervention du m\'​edecin.
 + Ainsi, les h\^opitaux utilisent des techniques d'​avant-garde en mati\`ere
 + d'​informatique et ont pouss\'​e le d\'​eveloppement de logiciels aidant
 + le m\'​edecin dans son travail avec les patients. D\'​esormais,​ le
 + domaine de l'​imagerie m\'​edicale et plus particuli\`erement celui
 + du traitement d'​images radiographi\'​ees propose un vaste champ d'​application
 + pour des travaux de recherche. Dans le pr\'​esent document nous nous
 + int\'​eressons aux radiographies de patients en traitement \`a l'​H\^opital
 + Cantonal Universitaire de Gen\`eve et plus particuli\`erement de
 + la Clinique de R\'​e\'​education. Nous pr\'​esentons tout d'​abord une
 + base logicielle pour des applications dans le domaine d'​imagerie
 + m\'​edicale suivie d'une automatisation de mesures sur les angles
 + intervert\'​ebraux. De nombreux groupes de recherche se sont int\'​eress\'​es
 + aux coupes effectu\'​ees par des scanners IRM et ont produit des logiciels
 + d'​analyse pouss\'​es. Les aspects comme la simulation en trois dimensions
 + et la m\'​edecine \`a distance sont largement explor\'​es. En revanche,
 + nous offrons une approche plus ax\'ee sur les mesures de distances
 + et d'​angles. Ainsi, Rx-Cervicales,​ le logiciel d\'​evelopp\'​e dans
 + le cadre de ce travail offre principalement une base vectorielle
 + mais n'omet toutefois point l'​aspect traitement d'​images gr\^ace
 + \`a de nombreux filtres. Rx-Cervicales permet \'​egalement de superposer
 + des images, d'en modifier la taille et d'​effectuer des d\'​eplacements
 + et des rotations libres. Par la suite, nous \'​etudions ici la reconnaissance
 + de contours sur des calques de radiographies et permettons au m\'​edecin
 + de mesurer des angles entre deux clich\'​es de flexion et d'​extension
 + de la colonne cervicale ou lombaire du m\^eme patient puis de comparer
 + ces r\'​esultats avec des valeurs d'​individus sains. Ainsi, des anomalies
 + peuvent \^etre d\'​etect\'​ees par l'​ordinateur en quelques secondes.
 + Notons que notre produit est directement utilis\'​e par la Clinique
 + de R\'​e\'​education de l'​HCUG. En conclusion, soulignons que malgr\'​e
 + le nombre important de groupes de recherche et d'​institutions travaillant
 + dans ce domaine, il n'​existe pas \`a notre connaissance,​ de logiciels
 + semblables \`a celui propos\'​e dans le pr\'​esent travail de recherche.
 + Donc, nous fournissons un outil, muni d'une premi\`ere application,​
 + qui montre l'​efficacit\'​e de l'​approche utilis\'​ee et laisse entrevoir
 + de larges perspectives d'​avenir.},​
 +   url = {http://​cui.unige.ch/​~doubrov5/​uni/​license/​},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​99/​Doubrovkine_licence99.ps.gz},​
 +   url2 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​99/​Doubrovkine_licence99.pdf}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{VG:​DDP1992,​
 +   author = {B. Dubrez and Alain Jacot-Descombes and Thierry Pun and G. Cimasoni},
 +   title = {Comparison of photodensitometric with high-resolution digital analysis
 + of bone density from serial dental radiographs},​
 +   journal = {Journal of Dentomaxilofacial Radiology},
 +   year = {1992},
 +   volume = {21},
 +   pages = {40--44},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   month = {February}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{VG:​DJC1995,​
 +   author = {B. Dubrez and S. Jacot-Descombes and G. Cimasoni},
 +   title = {Reliability of a paralleling instrument for dental radiographs},​
 +   journal = {Journal of Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology},
 +   year = {1995},
 +   volume = {80},
 +   pages = {358--364},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {3},
 +   month = {September}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​Dur1992,​
 +   author = {E. Durante},
 +   title = {La dynamique des r\'​eseaux de neurones},
 +   institution = {AI and Vision Group, Computing Centre, University of Geneva},
 +   year = {1992},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {93.01},
 +   address = {rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211 Gen\`eve, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {September},​
 +   note = {(Diploma work, performed under the supervision of Pierre-Yves Burgi)}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Dur1992a,​
 +   vgclass = {diploma},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   author = {Ernesto Durante},
 +   title = {La dynamique des r\'​eseaux de neurones},
 +   howpublished = {Diploma thesis, University of Geneva},
 +   month = {September},​
 +   year = {1992}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​Gar1995,​
 +   author = {Catherine De Garrini},
 +   title = {Exploratory statistics for automated structuration of large image
 + databases},​
 +   institution = {AI and Vision Group, Computing Centre, University of Geneva},
 +   year = {1995},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {cbir},
 +   number = {95.01},
 +   address = {rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211 Gen\`eve, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {September}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​Gar1994,​
 +   author = {Catherine De Garrini},
 +   title = {D\'​etermination de la translation,​ de la rotation et du facteur d'​echelle
 + d'un objet dans differents contextes},
 +   institution = {AI and Vision Group, Computing Centre, University of Geneva},
 +   year = {1994},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {94.08},
 +   address = {rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211 Gen\`eve, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {October},
 +   url = {ftp://​cui.unige.ch/​PUBLIC/​vision/​papers/​degarrin/​94.10.report.ps.Z}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Gar1993,​
 +   vgclass = {diploma},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   author = {Catherine De Garrini},
 +   title = {Qualification et reconstruction de formes g\'​eom\'​etriques simples},
 +   howpublished = {Diploma thesis, University of Geneva},
 +   month = {December},
 +   year = {1993}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​DeG1998,​
 +   vgclass = {diploma},
 +   vgproject = {cbir},
 +   author = {Andr{\'​e} De~Giacomi},​
 +   title = {Structures d'​indexation efficaces pour archivage / recherche dans
 + des bases de donn\'​ees multim\'​edia},​
 +   howpublished = {Diploma thesis, University of Geneva},
 +   month = {April},
 +   year = {1998},
 +   note = {(Travail r\'​ealis\'​e au sein du groupe de Vision par ordinateur,
 + dans le cadre d'un dipl\^ome du CNAM, Conservatoire National des
 + Arts et M\'​etiers,​ France)}
 + }
 + @PHDTHESIS{VG:​Gil1997,​
 +   author = {Sylvia Gil},
 +   title = {Robust object tracking in video sequences by integration of multiple
 + visual features},
 +   school = {University of Geneva},
 +   year = {1997},
 +   type = {{P}h.{D}. {D}issertation {N}o. 2929},
 +   address = {Switzerland},​
 +   month = {July},
 +   note = {Thesis Jury: Prof.~Murat Kunt (EPF-Lausanne,​ CH), Dr.\ Dieter Koller
 + (Caltech and Autodesk, USA), Prof.~Christian Pellegrini (Geneva,
 + CH), Prof.~Thierry Pun (director, Geneva, CH)},
 +   vgclass = {thesis},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​Gil1994,​
 +   author = {Sylvia Gil},
 +   title = {D\'​etection de mouvement dans une sc\`ene de trafic interurbain:​
 + analyse des r\'​esultats},​
 +   institution = {AI and Vision Group, Computing Centre, University of Geneva},
 +   year = {1994},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {94.02},
 +   address = {rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211 Gen\`eve, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {January}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​Gil1994a,​
 +   author = {Sylvia Gil},
 +   title = {Comptage de v\'​ehicules pour trafic interurbain:​ une \'​etude pr\'​eliminaire},​
 +   institution = {AI and Vision Group, Computing Centre, University of Geneva},
 +   year = {1994},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {94.04},
 +   address = {rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211 Gen\`eve, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {April}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​GLG1992a,​
 +   author = {Sylvia Gil and Marc Lefebvre and M.-A. Glassey and C. Baur and C.
 + W. Burckhardt and R. Clavel and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {{O}p\'​eration {P}atate: {V}ision par ordinateur en robotique agricole},
 +   booktitle = {Actes 14\`emes Journ\'​ees Francophones sur l'​Informatique:​ Imagerie
 + Num\'​erique,​ M\'​ethodes et Applications,​ Gen\`eve, Switzerland},​
 +   year = {1992},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   pages = {1--5},
 +   month = {April},
 +   url = {ftp://​ftp@cui.unige.ch/​PUBLIC/​vision/​papers/​gil/​jf.ps.Z}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​GLG1992,​
 +   author = {Sylvia Gil and Marc Lefebvre and M.-A. Glassey and C. Baur and Thierry
 + Pun},
 +   title = {3{D} Image analysis for agricultural robotics: the {P}otato {O}peration},​
 +   booktitle = {Eusipco 92, 6th European Signal Processing Conference, Brussels,
 + Belgium},
 +   year = {1992},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   pages = {1781--1784},​
 +   month = {August},
 +   keywords = {VG:​GLG1992key},​
 +   url = {ftp://​cui.unige.ch/​PUBLIC/​vision/​papers/​gil/​eusipco.ps.Z}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{VG:​GiM1993,​
 +   author = {Sylvia Gil and Ruggero Milanese},
 +   title = {Scientific training in the {USA}},
 +   journal = {SI-Information,​ Bulletin of the Swiss Association for Computer Science},
 +   year = {1993},
 +   volume = {38},
 +   vgclass = {otherjournals},​
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   month = {March}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​GMP1994,​
 +   author = {Sylvia Gil and Ruggero Milanese and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Feature selection for object tracking in traffic scenes},
 +   booktitle = {Intelligent Vehicle Highway Systems},
 +   year = {1994},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   editor = {Richard J. Becherer},
 +   volume = {2344},
 +   series = {SPIE Proceedings},​
 +   pages = {253--266},
 +   address = {Boston, USA},
 +   month = {November},
 +   abstract = {This paper describes a motion-analysis system, applied to the problem
 + of vehicle tracking in real-world highway scenes. The system is structured
 + in two stages. In the first one, a motion-detection algorithm performs
 + a figure/​ground segmentation,​ providing binary masks of the moving
 + objects. In the second stage, vehicles are tracked for the rest of
 + the sequence, by using Kalman filters on two state vectors, which
 + represent each target'​s position and velocity. A vehicle'​s motion
 + is represented by an affine model, taking into account translations
 + and scale changes. Three types of features have been used for the
 + vehicle'​s description state vectors. Two of them are contour-based:​
 + the bounding box and the centroid of the convex polygon approximating
 + the vehicles contour. The third one is region-based and consists
 + of the 2-D pattern of the vehicle in the image. For each of these
 + features, the performance of the tracking algorithm has been tested,
 + in terms of the position error, stability of the estimated motion
 + parameters,​ trace of the motion model'​s covariance matrix, as well
 + as computing time. A comparison of these results appears in favor
 + of the use of the bounding box features.},
 +   url = {ftp://​cui.unige.ch/​PUBLIC/​vision/​papers/​gil/​spie94.ps.Z}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​GMP1996a,​
 +   author = {Sylvia Gil and Ruggero Milanese and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Combining multiple motion estimates for vehicle tracking},
 +   booktitle = {Computer Vision - ECCV 96, Cambridge, UK},
 +   year = {1996},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   editor = {B. Buxton and R. Cipolla},
 +   number = {1064},
 +   series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
 +   pages = {307--320},
 +   month = {April},
 +   publisher = {Springer-Verlag},​
 +   note = {(Proceedings of the 4th European Conference Computer Vision, Volume
 + II)}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​GMP1997,​
 +   author = {Sylvia Gil and Ruggero Milanese and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Motion estimates combination for object tracking},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the 30th ISATA, Symposium on Automotive Technology
 + and Automation},​
 +   year = {1997},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   pages = {109--117},
 +   address = {Florence, Italy},
 +   month = {June},
 +   note = {Topical Track on Robotics, Motion and Machine Vision in the Automotive
 + Industry}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{VG:​GMP1996,​
 +   author = {Sylvia Gil and Ruggero Milanese and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Comparing features for target tracking in traffic scenes},
 +   journal = {Pattern Recognition},​
 +   year = {1996},
 +   volume = {29},
 +   pages = {1285--1296},​
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {8},
 +   month = {August}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​GiP1993,​
 +   author = {Sylvia Gil and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Non-linear multiresolution relaxation for alerting},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the 11th European Conference on Circuit Theory and
 + Design, Davos, Switzerland},​
 +   year = {1993},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   editor = {H. Dedieu},
 +   pages = {1639--1644},​
 +   month = {August},
 +   publisher = {Elsevier Science Publishers},​
 +   url = {ftp://​cui.unige.ch/​PUBLIC/​vision/​papers/​gil/​ecctd.ps.Z}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​GiP1993a,​
 +   author = {Sylvia Gil and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Multiresolution alerting for motion detection},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the 14th GRETSI Symposium on Signal and Image Processing,
 + Juan-les-Pins},​
 +   year = {1993},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   pages = {903--906},
 +   month = {September},​
 +   url = {ftp://​cui.unige.ch/​PUBLIC/​vision/​papers/​gil/​gretsi.ps.Z}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Ger1989,​
 +   vgclass = {diploma},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   author = {Christian Girard},
 +   title = {Conception et r\'​ealisation d'un logiciel modulaire et portable de
 + segmentation d'​images \`a niveaux de gris},
 +   howpublished = {Diploma thesis, University of Geneva},
 +   month = {December},
 +   year = {1989}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Ham1993,​
 +   vgclass = {diploma},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   author = {Sarah Hamdan},
 +   title = {Analyse et extraction d'​attributs d'​images de texture},
 +   howpublished = {Diploma thesis, University of Geneva},
 +   month = {February},
 +   year = {1993}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Ham1999,​
 +   vgclass = {diploma},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   author = {R{\'​e}mi Hammerli},
 +   title = {Logiciel de contr\^ole d'une orth\`ese pour myopathes},
 +   howpublished = {Diploma thesis, University of Geneva},
 +   month = {October},
 +   year = {1999},
 +   note = {(Travail r\'​ealis\'​e \`a l'​Ecole d'​Ing\'​enieurs de Gen\`eve, prof.
 + Ren\'​e Beuchat)}
 + }
 + @INCOLLECTION{VG:​HBA1990,​
 +   author = {R. Haralick and H. Bunke and K. Ammon and N. Bartneck and F. Casacuberta
 + and D. Hita and O. V. Larsen and A. Leduc and Thierry Pun and L.
 + Quan and A. Sanfeliu and B. Wrobel},
 +   title = {Hybrid methods, Report of the Working Group},
 +   booktitle = {Structural Pattern Analysis},
 +   publisher = {World Scientific},​
 +   year = {1990},
 +   editor = {R. Mohr and T. Pavlidis and A. Sanfeliu},
 +   pages = {245--247},
 +   vgclass = {otherjournals},​
 +   vgproject = {unspecified}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Har1999,​
 +   vgclass = {diploma},
 +   vgproject = {abweb},
 +   author = {Eric Harth},
 +   title = {Plate-forme de Sonification Dynamique de Pages Web Pour Aveugles
 + et Malvoyants},​
 +   howpublished = {Diploma thesis, University of Geneva},
 +   month = {September},​
 +   year = {1999}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{VG:​Her1999,​
 +   author = {Alexander Herrigel},
 +   title = {Eigentum sch\"​utzen mit Wasserzeichen},​
 +   journal = {Computerworld},​
 +   year = {1999},
 +   pages = {A14--A16},
 +   vgclass = {otherjournals},​
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   number = {6},
 +   month = {8~February},​
 +   note = {(special issue: Internet)}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​Her1998,​
 +   author = {Alexander Herrigel},
 +   title = {Copyright protection for multimedia data based on asymmetric cryptographic
 + techniques},​
 +   booktitle = {Electronic Imaging: Processing, Printing and Publishing in Colour},
 +   year = {1998},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   series = {SPIE Proceedings},​
 +   address = {Z\"​urich,​ Switzerland},​
 +   month = {May},
 +   note = {({SPIE}/​{IST}/​{E}uropto Symposium on Advanced Imaging and Network
 + Technologies)},​
 +   abstract = {This paper presents a new approach for the copyright protection of
 + digital multimedia data. The system applies cryptographic protocols
 + and a public key technique for different purposes, namely encoding/​decoding
 + a digital watermark generated by any spread spectrum technique and
 + the secure transfer of watermarked data from the sender to the receiver
 + in a commercial business process. The public key technique is applied
 + for the construction of a one-way watermark embedding and verification
 + function to identify and prove the uniqueness of the watermark. In
 + addition, our approach provides secure owner authentication data
 + who has initiated the watermark process for a specific data set.
 + Legal dispute resolution is supported for multiple watermarking of
 + digital data without revealing the confidential keying information.}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​HOP1998,​
 +   author = {Alexander Herrigel and Joe J. K. {{\'​O}~Ruanaidh} and Holger Petersen
 + and Shelby Pereira and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Secure copyright protection techniques for digital images},
 +   booktitle = {Information Hiding},
 +   year = {1998},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   editor = {David Aucsmith},
 +   volume = {1525},
 +   series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
 +   pages = {169--190},
 +   address = {Berlin},
 +   publisher = {Springer},
 +   note = {(Second International Workshop IH'98, Portland, OR, USA, April~15--17,​
 + 1998)},
 +   abstract = {This paper presents a new approach for the secure and robust copyright
 + protection of digital images. A system for generating digital watermarks
 + and for trading watermarked images is described. The system is based
 + on a new watermarking technique, which is robust against image transformation
 + techniques such as compression,​ rotation, translation,​ scaling and
 + cropping. It uses modulation of the magnitude components in Fourier
 + space to embed a watermark and an accompanying template. During the
 + watermark extraction,​the template is read in the log polar transform
 + of the frequency domain. The template is used for analyzing scaling
 + and rotation suffered by the watermarked stego-image. The detection
 + of the watermarks is also possible without any need for the original
 + cover-image. In addition, the system applies asymmetric cryptographic
 + protocols for different purposes, namely embedding/​detecting the
 + watermark and transferring watermarked data. The public key technique
 + is applied for the construction of a one-way watermark embedding
 + and the verification function to identify and prove the uniqueness
 + of the watermark. Legal dispute resolution is supported for the multiple
 + watermarking of a digital image without revealing the confidential
 + keying information.},​
 +   isbn = {3-540-65386-4},​
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​98/​HerrigelORuanaidhPetersenPereiraPun_ih98.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​98/​HerrigelORuanaidhPetersenPereiraPun_ih98.pdf},​
 +   url2 = {http://​link.springer.de/​link/​service/​series/​0558/​tocs/​t1525.htm}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​HOP1997,​
 +   vgclass = {patent},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   author = {Alexander Herrigel and Joe J. K. {{\'​O}~Ruanaidh} and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Method for generating digital watermarks and for exchanging data
 + containing digital watermarks},​
 +   howpublished = {International Patent Application,​ September 1997, Sept. 1998, March
 + 2000},
 +   year = {1997}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​HPO1997,​
 +   author = {Alexander Herrigel and Adrian Perrig and Joe J. K. {{\'​O}~Ruanaidh}},​
 +   title = {A copyright protection environment for digital images},
 +   booktitle = {VIS 97, Verlassliche Informationssysteme,​ Gesellschaft fuer Informatik},​
 +   year = {1997},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   address = {Freiburg, Germany},
 +   month = {September}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​HeP1999,​
 +   author = {Alexander Herrigel and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Digital Copyright Protection for Multimedia Documents},
 +   booktitle = {Telecom 99},
 +   year = {1999},
 +   vgclass = {otherjournals},​
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   address = {Geneva, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {10--17~October},​
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​99/​HerrigelPun_telecom99.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​HV2001,​
 +   author = {Alexander Herrigel and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy},​
 +   title = {Counterfeit Attacks against a new Currency Protection Scheme},
 +   booktitle = { Int. Conf. on Communications and Multimedia Security CMS2001},
 +   year = {2001},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   editor = { },
 +   address = { Darmstadt, Germany},
 +   month = {May 21-22}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​HeV1998,​
 +   author = {Alexander Herrigel and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy},​
 +   title = {Copyright and content protection for digital images based on asymmetric
 + cryptographic techniques},​
 +   booktitle = {Multimedia and Security Workshop, Sixth ACM International Multimedia
 + Conference},​
 +   year = {1998},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   editor = {J. Dittman and P. Horster and P. Wohlmacher},​
 +   pages = {99--112},
 +   address = {Bristol, U.K.},
 +   month = {September},​
 +   abstract = {This paper presents a new approach for the copyright protection of
 + digital multimedia data. The system applies cryptographic protocols
 + and a public key technique for different purposes, namely encoding/​decoding
 + a digital watermark generated by any spread spectrum technique and
 + the secure transfer of watermarked data from the sender to the receiver
 + in a commercial business process. The public key technique is applied
 + for the construction of a one-way watermark embedding and verification
 + function to identify and prove the uniqueness of the watermark. Our
 + approach provides secure owner authentication data who has initiated
 + the watermark process for a specific data set. Legal dispute resolution
 + is supported for multiple watermarking of digital data without revealing
 + the confidential keying information. Content protection for images
 + is provided by ciphering/​deciphering the data in the transform domain.}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​HVH1999,​
 +   author = {Alexander Herrigel and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy and Z. Hrytskiv},
 +   title = {Optical/​digital identification/​verification system based on digital
 + watermarking technology},​
 +   booktitle = {SPIE International Workshop on Optoelectronic and Hybrid Optical/​Digital
 + Systems for Image/​Signal Processing ODS'​99},​
 +   year = {1999},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   series = {SPIE Proceedings},​
 +   address = {Lviv, Ukraine},
 +   month = {20--24~sep},​
 +   abstract = {This paper presents a new approach for the secure integrity verification
 + of driver licenses, passports or other analogue identification documents.
 + The system embeds (detects) the reference number of the identification
 + document with the DCT watermark technology in (from) the owner photo
 + of the identification document holder. Since the watermark technology
 + is resistant against many image distortions such as affine transformations,​
 + lossy compression,​ quantization,​ dithering and other common image
 + processing operations, the owner photo my even be damaged without
 + any performance decrease in the detection process. During verification
 + the reference number is extracted and compared with the reference
 + number printed in the in the identification document. The approach
 + combines optical and digital image processing techniques. The detection
 + system must be able to scan an analogue driver license or passport,
 + convert the image of this document into a digital representation
 + and then apply the watermark verification algorithm to check the
 + payload of the embedded watermark. If the payload of the watermark
 + is identical with the printed visual reference number of the issuer,
 + the verification was successful and the passport or driver license
 + has not been modified. This approach constitutes a new class of application
 + for the watermark technology, which was originally targeted for the
 + copyright protection of digital multimedia data. The presented approach
 + substantially increases the security of the analogue identification
 + documents applied in many European countries.},​
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​99/​HerrigelVoloshynovskiyHrytskiv_spie99.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​HVR2001,​
 +   author = {Alexander Herrigel and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy and Yuriy Rytsar},
 +   title = {The Watermark Template Attack},
 +   booktitle = {SPIE Photonics West, Electronic Imaging 2001, Security and Watermarking
 + of Multimedia Contents III},
 +   year = {2001},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   editor = {W. Wong and E. J. Delp},
 +   number = {paper 4314-46},
 +   address = {San Jose, CA, USA},
 +   month = {jan},
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2001/​HerrigelVoloshynovskiyRytsar_spie2001.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2001/​HerrigelVoloshynovskiyRytsar_spie2001.pdf}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{VG:​HAP1988,​
 +   author = {D. Hochstrasser and V. Augsburger and Thierry Pun and D. Weber and
 + Christian Pellegrini and A. M{\"​u}ller},​
 +   title = {High resolution mini-two-dimensional gel electrophoresis automatically
 + run and stained in less than six hours with small, ready to use slab
 + gels},
 +   journal = {Clinical Chemistry},
 +   year = {1988},
 +   volume = {34},
 +   pages = {166--170},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {1},
 +   month = {January}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​HFA1990,​
 +   author = {D. F. Hochstrasser and M. Funk and R. D. Appel and Thierry Pun and
 + R. W. James and A.-C. Hochstrasser and J.-R. Scherrer and Christian
 + Pellegrini and A. F. Muller},
 +   title = {From a biopsy to automatic diagnosis},
 +   booktitle = {Schweizerischen Medizinischen Wochenschrift},​
 +   year = {1990},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   series = {120},
 +   pages = {1862--1866}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{Holotyak:​CMS2005:​BSS,​
 +   author = {Taras Holotyak and Jessica Fridrich and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy},​
 +   title = {Blind Statistical Steganalysis of Additive Steganography Using Wavelet
 + Higher Order Statistics},​
 +   booktitle = { 9th IFIP TC-6 TC-11 Conference on Communications and Multimedia
 + Security (CMS 2005)},
 +   year = {2005},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   address = {Salzburg, Austria},
 +   month = {September 19-21}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Hon1999,​
 +   vgclass = {licence},
 +   vgproject = {abweb},
 +   author = {Lin Hong},
 +   title = {Recherche de cha\^{i}nes de caract\`eres dans une image bitmap},
 +   howpublished = {Licence thesis (B.Sc.), University of Geneva},
 +   month = {March},
 +   year = {1999},
 +   abstract = {La d\'​etection automatique et la reconnaissance de cha\^{i}nes de
 + caract\`eres contenues dans des images bitmap est tr\`es utile pour
 + les syst\`emes multim\'​edias,​ les librairies digitales et les syst\`emes
 + d'​informations g\'​eographiques. Cependant, les syst\`emes commerciaux
 + actuels qui utilisent des OCR (Optical Character Recognition) sont
 + limit\'​es au traitement de cha\^{i}nes de caract\`eres imprim\'​ees
 + sur des fonds uniformes (p.ex. caract\`eres noirs sur fond blanc).
 + N\'​eanmoins,​ une nouvelle approche a \'​et\'​e propos\'​ee. Trois phases
 + distinctes sont n\'​ecessaires pour extraire le texte contenu dans
 + une image: la d\'​etection des r\'​egions contenant du texte, l'​extraction
 + du texte (suppression du fond) et l'​affinement du r\'​esultat obtenu.
 + Intrigu\'​ee par l'​efficacit\'​e de cette nouvelle approche, je l'ai
 + implant\'​ee en Java en obtenant des r\'​esultats tr\`es satisfaisants.
 + Dans ce m\'​emoire,​ les d\'​etails d'​implantation sont pr\'​esent\'​es
 + et les r\'​esultats obtenus sont analys\'​es.}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Hu1993,​
 +   vgclass = {diploma},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   author = {Ziping Hu},
 +   title = {Speedup of algorithms by using a {C}onnection {M}achine through a
 + network: application to image processing},​
 +   howpublished = {Diploma thesis, University of Geneva},
 +   month = {June},
 +   year = {1993}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Hu1991,​
 +   vgclass = {licence},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   author = {Ziping Hu},
 +   title = {Spine planimetry: a clinical image analysis tool},
 +   howpublished = {Licence thesis (B.Sc.), University of Geneva},
 +   month = {December},
 +   year = {1991}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​HPP1988,​
 +   author = {Z. Hu and Thierry Pun and Christian Pellegrini},​
 +   title = {Expert system for image segmentation},​
 +   booktitle = {{SGAICO} - Swiss Group of {AI} and Cognitive Sciences Annual Conference
 + on Artificial Intelligence in Manufacturing,​ Assembly, and Robotics,
 + Bern},
 +   year = {1988},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   month = {October}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{VG:​HPP1990,​
 +   author = {Z. P. Hu and Thierry Pun and Christian Pellegrini},​
 +   title = {An expert system for guiding image segmentation},​
 +   journal = {Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics},
 +   year = {1990},
 +   volume = {14},
 +   pages = {13--24},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {1}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Iqu2000,​
 +   vgclass = {diploma},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   author = {Victor Iquise},
 +   title = {Attaques Contre Le Filigranage Digital D'​images et de Vid\'​eos,​ Bas\'​ees
 + sur Le Concept de Suppression Du Bruit},
 +   howpublished = {Diploma thesis (MSc), University of Geneva},
 +   month = {November},
 +   year = {2000}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​Ite1990,​
 +   author = {Robert Iten},
 +   title = {{SN}1: {C}oncept acquisition combining symbolic and numerical information},​
 +   institution = {AI and Vision Group, Computing Centre, University of Geneva},
 +   year = {1990},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {90.08},
 +   address = {rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211 Gen\`eve, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {December}
 + }
 + @PHDTHESIS{VG:​Jac1993,​
 +   author = {Alain Jacot-Descombes},​
 +   title = {Groupage perceptuel asynchrone pour la compr\'​ehension qualitative
 + d'​images:​ des contours aux primitives g\'​en\'​eriques},​
 +   school = {Universit\'​e de Gen\`eve},
 +   year = {1993},
 +   type = {{P}h.{D}. {D}issertation {N}o. 2642},
 +   address = {Switzerland},​
 +   month = {November},
 +   note = {Thesis Jury: Dr.~Radu Horaud (LIFIA, Grenoble, FR), Prof.~Bernard
 + Levrat (Geneva, CH), Prof.~Thierry Pun (director, Geneva, CH)},
 +   vgclass = {thesis},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Jac1988,​
 +   vgclass = {diploma},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   author = {Alain Jacot-Descombes},​
 +   title = {Laboratoire {I}mage: d\'​eveloppement d'un environnement convivial
 + pour le traitement interactif et automatique d'​images},​
 +   howpublished = {Diploma thesis, University of Geneva},
 +   month = {December},
 +   year = {1988}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Jac1987,​
 +   vgclass = {licence},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   author = {Alain Jacot-Descombes},​
 +   title = {Labo {I}mage: d\'​eveloppement d'un environnement convivial pour le
 + traitement interactif d'​images},​
 +   howpublished = {Licence thesis (B.Sc.), University of Geneva},
 +   month = {December},
 +   year = {1987}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​JDP1992,​
 +   author = {Alain Jacot-Descombes and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {A probabilistic approach to 3-{D} inference of geons from a 2-{D}
 + view},
 +   booktitle = {Applications of Artificial Intelligence X: Machine Vision and Robotics},
 +   year = {1992},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   editor = {Kevin W. Bowyer},
 +   volume = {1708},
 +   series = {SPIE Proceedings},​
 +   pages = {579--588},
 +   address = {Orlando, FLA, USA},
 +   month = {April},
 +   note = {(Special Session on: Recognition by Components or Geon-Based Systems)},
 +   abstract = {A new, probabilistic approach for inferring 3-D volumetric primitives
 + from a single 2-D view is presented. This recognition relies on the
 + assumption that every object can be decomposed into component parts
 + that belong to a finite set or alphabet of volumetric primitives
 + (geons). For each possible primitive from the permissible set, a
 + conditional probability function is computed. This law specifies
 + the probability of obtaining the primitive given an observable 2-
 + D measure or feature. The distribution functions are determined by
 + simulation,​ on the basis of a representative number of random projections
 + of the primitives. The measures themselves are chosen in such a way
 + that they can easily be extracted from real images and their discriminative
 + power for the volumetric primitive inference is high. Examples illustrate
 + the proposed approach.}
 + }
 + @INCOLLECTION{VG:​JDP1994,​
 +   author = {Alain Jacot-Descombes and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Labo{I}mage:​ an experimental window-based environment for teaching
 + and research in image analysis},
 +   booktitle = {Experimental Environments for Computer Vision and Image Processing},​
 +   publisher = {World Scientific},​
 +   year = {1994},
 +   editor = {H. I. Christensen and J. L. Crowley},
 +   pages = {89--108},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified}
 + }
 + @INCOLLECTION{VG:​JDP1993,​
 +   author = {Alain Jacot-Descombes and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Labo{I}mage},​
 +   booktitle = {Prime Time Freeware for Unix},
 +   publisher = {software},
 +   year = {1993},
 +   editor = {R. Morin},
 +   volume = {2},
 +   edition = {2},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{VG:​JDP19,​
 +   author = {Alain Jacot-Descombes and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Asynchronous perceptual grouping: from contours to relevant 2{D}
 + structures},​
 +   journal = {Computer Vision and Image Understanding},​
 +   year = {1997},
 +   volume = {66},
 +   pages = {1--24},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {1},
 +   month = {April}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​JaP1994,​
 +   author = {Alain Jacot-Descombes and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Asynchronous perceptual grouping: from contours to generic primitives},​
 +   institution = {AI and Vision Group, Computing Centre, University of Geneva},
 +   year = {1994},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {94.01},
 +   address = {rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211 Gen\`eve, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {January}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{VG:​JaP1990,​
 +   author = {A. Jacot-Descombes and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Labo{I}mage 3.0},
 +   journal = {Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics},
 +   year = {1990},
 +   volume = {14},
 +   pages = {III},
 +   vgclass = {otherjournals},​
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {4},
 +   note = {(Software Survey Section)}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​JRP1992,​
 +   author = {Alain Jacot-Descombes and Marianne Rupp and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Labo{I}mage:​ {A} portable window based environment for research in
 + image processing and analysis},
 +   booktitle = {Image Processing and Interchange:​ Implementation and Systems},
 +   year = {1992},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   editor = {Ronald B. Arps and William K. Pratt},
 +   volume = {1659},
 +   series = {SPIE Proceedings},​
 +   pages = {331--340},
 +   address = {San Jose, California, USA},
 +   month = {February},
 +   abstract = {LaboImage provides scientists with general purpose as well as specific
 + processing families and tools in a highly interactive environment.
 + The current software results from an evolution reflecting several
 + years of development and experiences. This paper first presents the
 + new X Window / OSF Motif version of LaboImage, as it is seen by the
 + user. It also describes how an image is manipulated in the system,
 + how processing methods are applied and results are visualized. Multiple
 + types of interaction between the user and the system are addressed.
 + The implementation aspects are then detailed. They concern data structures
 + as well as algorithms and interfaces. The data file and descriptor
 + file formate used for strong images is described. The organization
 + in memory of multiple data such as images, vectors, and macros is
 + presented. The source code organization is also discussed. A clear
 + separation between algorithmic and interface parts in the code appears
 + to be very important, in order to allow easy further developments
 + of the system.}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​JRP1992a,​
 +   author = {Alain Jacot-Descombes and M. Rupp and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Labo{I}mage 4.0: {P}ortable window based environment for research
 + in image processing and analysis},
 +   booktitle = {Medinfo 92, 7th World Congress on Medical Informatics,​ Geneva, Switzerland},​
 +   year = {1992},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   month = {September}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{VG:​JTP1991,​
 +   author = {Alain Jacot-Descombes and K. Todorov and Christian Pellegrini and
 + D. F. Hochstrasser and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Labo{I}mage:​ a workstation environment for research in image processing
 + and analysis},
 +   journal = {Computer Applications in the Biosciences},​
 +   year = {1991},
 +   volume = {7},
 +   pages = {225--232},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {2},
 +   month = {April}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Jac1992,​
 +   vgclass = {licence},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   author = {Sabrina Jacot-Descombes},​
 +   title = {Approches pour \'​evaluation de la sym\'​etrie d'​objets},​
 +   howpublished = {Licence thesis (B.Sc.), University of Geneva},
 +   month = {May},
 +   year = {1992}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{Janvier2006a,​
 +   author = {Bruno Janvier and \'Eric Bruno and St\'​ephane Marchand-Maillet and
 + Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Information-theoretic temporal segmentation of videos and applications:​
 + multiscale keyframe selection and transition detection},
 +   journal = {Multimedia Tools and Applications},​
 +   year = {2006},
 +   volume = {30},
 +   pages = {273-288},
 +   owner = {beekhof},
 +   timestamp = {2007.10.09},​
 +   url = {http://​www.springerlink.com/​content/​q650q0936j5710k7}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{Janvier:​EUSIPCO2005:​CMSVT,​
 +   author = {Bruno Janvier and \'Eric Bruno and St\'​ephane Marchand-Maillet and
 + Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {A contextual model for semantic video structuring},​
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the 13th European Signal Processing Conference (Eusipco
 + 2005)},
 +   year = {2005},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   address = {Antalya, Turkey},
 +   month = {September 4-8},
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2005/​janvier_cmsvt.pdf}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{Janvier:​MTAP2005:​ITTS,​
 +   author = {Bruno Janvier and \'Eric Bruno and St\'​ephane Marchand-Maillet and
 + Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Information-theoretic temporal segmentation of videos and applications:​
 + multiscale keyframe selection and transition detection},
 +   journal = {Multimedia Tools and Applications},​
 +   year = {2005},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   note = {(to appear)},
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2005/​janvier_itts.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{Janvier2006,​
 +   author = {Bruno Janvier and Eric Bruno and St{\'​e}phane Marchand Maillet and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Performance evaluation of a contextual news story segmentation algorithm},
 +   booktitle = {Proc. SPIE Vol. 6073, 60730X, Multimedia Content Analysis, Management, and Retrieval},
 +   year = {2006},
 +   volume = {6073},
 +   address = {San Jose, CA},
 +   month = {January},
 +   editors = {Edward Y. Chang, Alan Hanjalic, Nicu Sebe},
 +   owner = {beekhof},
 +   timestamp = {2007.10.09},​
 +   url = {http://​bookstore.spie.org/​index.cfm?​fuseaction=DetailPaper\&​ProductId=642754\&​coden=}
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​JANVIER:​CBMI03,​
 +   author = {Bruno Janvier and Eric Bruno and St{\'​e}phane Marchand Maillet and Thierry
 + Pun},
 +   title = {Information-Theoretic Framework for The Joint Temporal Partionning
 + and Representation of Video Data},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop on Content-Based Multimedia
 + Indexing, CBMI'​03},​
 +   year = {2003},
 +   address = {Rennes, France},
 +   month = {September},​
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2003/​VideoTemporalSegmentation.cbmi.pdf}
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​JMM2003,​
 +   author = {Carlo Jelmini and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet},​
 +   title = {{DEVA}: an extensible ontology-based annotation model for visual
 + document collections },
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of {SPIE} Photonics West, Electronic Imaging 2002, Internet
 + Imaging {IV}},
 +   year = {2003},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   editor = {R. Schettini and S. Santini Eds},
 +   address = {Santa Clara, CA, USA}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​jelmini2004,​
 +   author = {Carlo Jelmini and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet},​
 +   title = {OWL-based reasoning with retractable inference},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of {RIAO} 2004, Conference on coupling approaches, coupling
 + media and coupling languages for information retrieval},
 +   year = {2004},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   address = {Avignon, France}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​Oct0305,​
 +   author = {C. Jelmini and S. Marchand-Maillet},​
 +   title = {The Semantic Web Knowledge Base ({SWKB}), an {OWL} reasoning tool
 + with retractable inference},
 +   institution = {Computer Vision and Multimedia Laboratory, Computing Centre, University
 + of Geneva},
 +   year = {2003},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   number = {03.05},
 +   address = {Rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211, Geneva, Switzerland}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Kab1999,​
 +   vgclass = {diploma},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   author = {Oussama Chaban Kabakibo},
 +   title = {M\'​ecanismes de paiement \'​electronique pour les flux de donn\'​ees
 + audio et vid\'​eo},​
 +   howpublished = {Diploma thesis, University of Geneva},
 +   month = {February},
 +   year = {1999},
 +   note = {(Travail r\'​ealis\'​e au sein du groupe de Syst\`emes bas\'​es objets
 + (Dr. D. Konstantas))}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​KaR2001,​
 +   author = {Hesham Kamel and Patrick Roth},
 +   title = {{G}raphics and {U}sers {E}xploration via {S}imple {S}onics ({GUESS}):
 + Providing Interrelation Representation of Objects in a Non-visual
 + Environment},​
 +   booktitle = {ICAD 2001, In International Conference on Auditory Display},
 +   year = {2001},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {abweb},
 +   address = {Espoo , Finland},
 +   month = {July 29-August 1}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​KKC1998,​
 +   author = {Jean Khedari and Joseph Khedari and Gabriela Csurka and Jongjit Hirunlabh},
 +   title = {General analytical modelling of heat transfer in isotropic solid
 + materials under periodic steady regime},
 +   booktitle = {Int. Conf. on Contribution of Cognition to Modelling (CCM 98)},
 +   year = {1998},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   address = {Lyon, France},
 +   month = {jul 6--8}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{Kludas:​FDIA07:​MRCWC,​
 +   author = {Jana Kludas},
 +   title = {Multimedia Retrieval and Classification for Web Content},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of BCS IRSG Symposium: Future Directions in Information
 + Access (FDIA)},
 +   year = {2007},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   address = {Glasgow, Scotland},
 +   month = {August 28-29},
 +   abstract = { *The population of the World Wide Web with media of all types such
 + as texts, images, videos and audio files in recent years raised the
 + attractiveness of multimedia retrieval. With our work on the influence
 + of dependencies between modalities and features we investigate why
 + these approaches still do not perform convincingly better than plain
 + text search approaches when applied to large, noisy collections like
 + web content, even though these approaches have more information at
 + their hands. This article suggests that, due to the size and noise,
 + the modality’s dependencies necessary for efficient information fusion
 + becomes small and hard to exploit. Preliminary experiments with two
 + multi modal collections underpin this statement.* },
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2007/​kludas.fdia07.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{Kludas:​AMR07:​IFMIR,​
 +   author = {Jana Kludas and Eric Bruno and Stephane Marchand-Maillet},​
 +   title = {Information Fusion in Multimedia Information Retrieval},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of 5th international Workshop on Adaptive Multimedia
 + Retrieval (AMR)},
 +   year = {2007},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   address = {Paris, France},
 +   month = {July 5-6},
 +   abstract = {In retrieval, indexing and classification of multimedia data an efficient
 + information fusion of the different modalities is essential for the
 + system'​s overall performance. Since information fusion, its influence
 + factors and performance improvement boundaries have been lively dis-
 + cussed in the last years in different research communities,​ we will
 + review their latest findings. They most importantly point out that
 + exploiting the feature'​s and modality'​s dependencies will yield to
 + maximal performance. In data analysis and fusion tests with annotated
 + image collections this is undermined.},​
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2007/​Kludas.amr07.pdf}
 + }
 + @inproceedings{morrison07-automatic,​
 +           ​Author = {Morrison, Donn and Marchand-Maillet,​ St\'​ephane and Bruno, Eric},
 +           Title = {Automatic image annotation with relevance feedback and latent semantic analysis},
 +           ​BookTitle = {Proceedings 5th International Workshop on Adaptive Multimedia Retrieval},
 +    ​address = {Paris, France},
 +    month = {July 5-6},
 +           Year = {2007}
 + }
 + @inproceedings{morrison07-hierarchical,​
 +           ​Author = {Morrison, Donn and Marchand-Maillet,​ St\'​ephane and Bruno, Eric},
 +           Title = {Hierarchical long-term learning for automatic image annotation},​
 +           ​BookTitle = {Proceedings 2nd International Conference on Semantic and Digital Media Technologies},​
 +    ​address = {Genova, Italy},
 +    month = {December 5-7},
 +           Year = {2007}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{VG:​KMJ2000,​
 +   author = {Dimitri Konstantas and Ruggiero Milanese and Alain Jacot-Descombes
 + and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Distributed video production, distributed musical rehearsal and distributed
 + video editing and retrieval},
 +   journal = {Comtec},
 +   year = {2000},
 +   volume = {2},
 +   pages = {30-37},
 +   vgclass = {otherjournals},​
 +   vgproject = {dvp}
 + }
 + @INBOOK{VG:​KTM2000,​
 +   pages = {47--56},
 +   title = {Towards the Digitalization of the Braille and Audio-Book Library
 + of the A.B.A.},
 +   publisher = {University of Geneva},
 +   year = {2000},
 +   editor = {D. Tsichritzis},​
 +   author = {Dimitri Konstantas and Karim Taha and Jean-Henry Morin and Lori Petrucci},
 +   booktitle = {Internet Objects},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {abweb}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​Kosinov0601,​
 +   author = {Serhiy Kosinov},
 +   title = {Dual diffusion model of spreading activation for content-based image
 + retrieval},​
 +   institution = {Computer Vision and Multimedia Laboratory, Computing Centre, University
 + of Geneva},
 +   year = {2006},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   number = {06.01},
 +   address = {Rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211, Geneva, Switzerland}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​Dec0307,​
 +   author = {Serhiy Kosinov},
 +   title = {Visual object recognition using distance-based discriminant analysis},
 +   institution = {Computer Vision and Multimedia Laboratory, Computing Centre, University
 + of Geneva},
 +   year = {2003},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   number = {03.07},
 +   address = {Rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211, Geneva, Switzerland}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​Kosinov06visual,​
 +   author = {Serhiy Kosinov and St\'​ephane Marchand-Maillet},​
 +   title = {Visual object categorization with indefinite kernels in discriminant
 + analysis framework},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of SPIE Photonics West, Electronic Imaging 2006, Multimedia
 + Content Analysis, Management, and Retrieval 2006 (EI122)},
 +   year = {2006},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   address = {San Jose, USA},
 +   month = {January, 15-19}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​Kosinov04evaluation,​
 +   author = {Serhiy Kosinov and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet},​
 +   title = {Evaluation of distance-based discriminant analysis and its kernelized
 + extension in visual object recognition},​
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the 7th International on signal/​image processing and
 + pattern recognition ({UkrObraz} 2004)},
 +   year = {2004},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   address = {Kijiv, Ukraine}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​Kosinov04hierarchical,​
 +   author = {Serhiy Kosinov and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet},​
 +   title = {Hierarchical Ensemble Learning For Multimedia Categorization And
 + Autoannotation},​
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the 2004 {IEEE} Signal Processing Society Workshop
 + ({MLSP} 2004)},
 +   year = {2004},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   pages = {645--654},
 +   address = {S\~{a}o Lu{\'​i}s,​ Brazil},
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2004/​MLSP2004-KosinovMarchandMaillet.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​Kosinov04multimedia,​
 +   author = {Serhiy Kosinov and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet},​
 +   title = {Multimedia autoannotation via hierarchical semantic ensembles},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the Int. Workshop on Learning for Adaptable Visual
 + Systems ({LAVS} 2004)},
 +   year = {2004},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   address = {Cambridge, UK}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{Kosinov03overview,​
 +   author = {Serhiy Kosinov and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet},​
 +   title = {Overview of approaches to semantic augmentation of multimedia databases
 + for efficient access and content retrieval},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Adaptive Multimedia
 + Retrieval (AMR 2003)},
 +   year = {2003},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   address = {Hamburg},
 +   url = {http://​www.springerlink.com/​link.asp?​id=uln4brc7t0xjejj2}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​Kosinov06dual,​
 +   author = {Serhiy Kosinov and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet and Igor Kozintsev
 + and Carole Dulong and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Dual diffusion model of spreading activation for content-based image
 + retrieval},​
 +   booktitle = {8th ACM SIGMM International Workshop on Multimedia Information Retrieval},
 +   year = {2006},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   address = {Santa Barbara, CA, USA},
 +   month = {October},
 +   url = {http://​portal.acm.org/​ft_gateway.cfm?​id=1178686\&​type=pdf\&​coll=\&​dl=ACM\&​CFID=15151515\&​CFTOKEN=6184618}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​Kosinov05countering,​
 +   author = {Serhiy Kosinov and St\'​ephane Marchand-Maillet and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Countering the false positive projection effect in nonlinear asymmetric
 + classification},​
 +   booktitle = {The IEEE Symposium on Signal Processing and Information Technology
 + (ISSPIT'​05)},​
 +   year = {2005},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   address = {Athens, Greece},
 +   month = {December, 18-21}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{Kosinov04iterative,​
 +   author = {Serhiy Kosinov and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Iterative majorization approach to the distance-based discriminant
 + analysis},​
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the {GfKl} 2004},
 +   year = {2004},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   address = {Dortmund, Germany},
 +   month = {March 9--11},
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2004/​KosinovMarchandMailletPunGFKL2004.ps.gz}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{Kosinov04visual,​
 +   author = {Serhiy Kosinov and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Visual object categorization using distance-based discriminant analysis},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on Multimedia Data
 + and Document Engineering},​
 +   year = {2004},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   address = {Washington,​ DC},
 +   month = {July},
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2004/​KosinovMarchandMailletPunMDDE2004.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​Kosinov05large,​
 +   author = {Serhiy Kosinov and Ivan Titov and St{\'​e}phane Marchand Maillet},
 +   title = {Large Margin Multiple Hyperplane Classification for Content-based
 + Multimedia Retrieval},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the 1st Workshop on Machine Learning Techniques for
 + Processing Multimedia Content, {MLMM'​05}},​
 +   year = {2005},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   address = {Bonn, Germany},
 +   month = {August}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{Koval:​TR2006,​
 +   author = {Oleksiy Koval and Sviatoslav Voloshinovskiy and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Analysis of modality dependence/​independence impact on the performance
 + of multimodal fusion systems: Summary of main results},
 +   institution = {Computer Vision and Multimedia Laboratory, Computing Centre, University
 + of Geneva},
 +   year = {2006},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   number = {06.12},
 +   address = {Rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211, Geneva, Switzerland},​
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2006/​KVP_Multimodal_Fusion_Systems_Summary-2006.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{Koval:​2007:​RPH-Security,​
 +   author = {Oleksiy Koval and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy and Fokko Beekhof and
 + Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Security Analysis of Robust Perceptual Hashing},
 +   year = {2008},
 +   note = {(submitted)},​
 +   owner = {beekhof},
 +   timestamp = {2007.08.16}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{Koval:​2007:​Sphere-Decoding,​
 +   author = {Oleksiy Koval and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy and Fokko Beekhof and
 + Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Analysis of physical unclonable identification based on reference
 + list decoding},
 +   year = {2008},
 +   note = {(submitted)},​
 +   owner = {beekhof},
 +   timestamp = {2007.08.16}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{Koval:​WaCha:​2007,​
 +   author = {Oleksiy Koval and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy and Fokko Beekhof and
 + Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Decision-theoretic consideration of robust perceptual hashing: link
 + to practical algorithms},​
 +   booktitle = {WaCha2007, /Third WAVILA Challenge/​},​
 +   year = {2007},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   address = {Saint Malo, France},
 +   month = {June 15th}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{Koval:​SPIE2005,​
 +   author = {Oleksiy Koval and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy and Fr\'​{e}d\'​{e}ric
 + Deguillaume and F. Perez-Gonzalez and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Robustness improvement of known-host-state watermarking using host
 + statistics},​
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of SPIE Photonics West, Electronic Imaging 2005, Security,
 + Steganography,​ and Watermarking of Multimedia Contents VII (EI120)},
 +   year = {2005},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   address = {San Jose, USA},
 +   month = {January 16-20},
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2005/​KovalVoloshynovskiyDeguillaumePerezGonzalezPun_SPIE2005.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​EUSIPCO2004a,​
 +   author = {Oleksiy Koval and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy and Fr\'​{e}d\'​{e}ric
 + Deguillaume and F. Perez-gonzalez and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Spread spectrum watermarking for real images: is everything so hopeless?},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of 12th European Signal Processing Conference, EUSIPCO
 + 2004},
 +   year = {2004},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   address = {Vienna, Austria},
 +   month = {September 6-10},
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2004/​KovalVoloshynovskiyDeguillaumePerezGonzalezPun_EUSIPCO2004.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{Koval:​ACM2006,​
 +   author = {Oleksiy Koval and S. Voloshynovskiy and Taras Holotyak and Thierry
 + Pun},
 +   title = {Information-theoretic analysis of steganalysis in real images},
 +   booktitle = {ACM Multimedia and Security Workshop 2006},
 +   year = {2006},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   address = {Geneva, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {September 26-27},
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2006/​mmsec169-koval.ps}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​ACM2004,​
 +   author = {Oleksiy Koval and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy and F. Perez-Gonzalez
 + and F. Deguillame and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Quantization-based watermarking performance improvement using host
 + statistics:​ AWGN attack case},
 +   booktitle = {ACM Multimedia and Security Workshop 2004},
 +   year = {2004},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   address = {Magdeburg, Germany},
 +   month = {September 20-21},
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2004/​2004.ACM.Non_uniform_quantizer.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{Koval:​IWMSP:​2007a,​
 +   author = {Oleksiy Koval and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Analysis of multimodal binary detection systems based on dependent/​independent
 + modalities},​
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE 2007 International Workshop on Multimedia
 + Signal Processing},​
 +   year = {2007},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   address = {Chania, Crete, Greece},
 +   month = {October 1--3}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{Koval:​SPIE2007:​EEA,​
 +   author = {Oleksiy Koval and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Error exponent analysis of person identification based on fusion
 + of dependent/​independent modalities},​
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of {SPIE-IS{\&​}T} Electronic Imaging 2007, Security,
 + Steganography,​ and Watermarking of Multimedia Contents IX},
 +   year = {2007},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   address = {San Jose, USA},
 +   month = {28 Jan. -- 1 Feb.},
 +   abstract = {Abstract--Performance limits of multimodal detection systems are analyzed
 + in this paper. Two main setups are analyzed, i.e., based on fusion
 + of dependent and independent modalities, respectively. The analysis
 + is performed in terms of attainable probability of detection errors
 + characterized by the corresponding error exponents. It is demonstrated
 + that an expected performance gain from fusion of dependent modalities
 + is superior than in the case when one fuses independent signals.
 + In order to quantify the efficiency of dependent modality fusion
 + versus the independent case, the problem analysis is performed in
 + the Gaussian formulation.},​
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2007/​SPIE-EI-2007-Error-Exponent-paper.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{Koval:​WIC2006:​Koval_wic2006,​
 +   author = {Oleksiy Koval and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Laplacian channel state estimation for state dependent channels},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of 27-th Symposium on information theory in the Benelux},
 +   year = {2006},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   address = {Noordwijk, The Netherlands},​
 +   month = {June 8-9, 2006,},
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2006/​Koval_wic2006.pdf}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{Koval:​SP2005:​RIKHSW,​
 +   author = {Oleksiy Koval and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy and J.E. Vila-Forc{\'​e}n
 + and F. P{\'​e}rez-Gonz{\'​a}lez and Fr\'​{e}d\'​{e}ric Deguillaume and
 + Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Robustness Improvement of Known-Host-State Watermarking Using Host
 + Statistics},​
 +   journal = {Elsevier Science, Signal Processing},​
 +   year = {2006},
 +   volume = {86},
 +   pages = {1076--1088},​
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   number = {5},
 +   month = {May},
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2006/​robustnees-improvement.pdf}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{BMI:​Dec0309,​
 +   author = {Jullien Kronegg},
 +   title = {Capacity study of the memoryless channel with additive independent
 + Gaussian noise and its application to brain-computer interfaces},​
 +   institution = {Computer Vision and Multimedia Laboratory, Computing Centre, University
 + of Geneva},
 +   year = {2003},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {bmi},
 +   number = {03.09},
 +   address = {Rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211, Geneva, Switzerland},​
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2003/​Kronegg2003__Capacity_Study_of_AWGN_channel_(TR0309).pdf}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Kro2001,​
 +   vgclass = {diploma},
 +   vgproject = {external},
 +   author = {Julien Kronegg},
 +   title = {Dispositif de Capture Des Mouvements Oculaires Pour un Simulateur
 + de Vision},
 +   howpublished = {Diploma thesis (MSc), University of Geneva},
 +   month = {June},
 +   year = {2001},
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2001/​kronegg_diploma.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{Kronegg:​TAIMA:​AMDICO,​
 +   author = {Julien Kronegg and Teodor Alecu and Guillaume Chanel and Sviatoslav
 + Voloshynovskiy and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Analyse des mesures de d{\'​e}bit pour interfaces cerveau-ordinateur},​
 +   booktitle = {TAIMA'​2005,​ Traitement et Analyse de l'​Information : M{\'​e}thodes
 + et Applications},​
 +   year = {2005},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {bmi},
 +   address = {Hammamet, Tunisia},
 +   month = {26 Sep -- 1Oct}
 + }
 + @MISC{Kronegg:​SIMILAR:​TUFBCI,​
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {bmi},
 +   author = {Julien Kronegg and Teodor Alecu and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Towards user friendly BCIs},
 +   howpublished = {EU NOE Similar Workshop},
 +   month = {Nov. 8--9},
 +   year = {2004},
 +   note = {Sophia-Antipolis,​ France},
 +   address = {Sophia-Antipolis,​ France,}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{BMI:​HCII2003,​
 +   author = {Julien Kronegg and Teodor Alecu and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Information theoretic bit-rate optimization for average trial protocol
 + Brain-Computer Interfaces},​
 +   booktitle = {HCI International 2003, 10th International Conference on Human-Computer
 + Interaction},​
 +   year = {2003},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {bmi},
 +   address = {Crete, Greece},
 +   month = {June 22-27},
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2003/​Kronegg2003-HCII2003-fullpaper.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2003/​Kronegg2003-HCII2003-fullpaper.pdf}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{Kronegg:​NSRE:​EEG-BCI,​
 +   author = {Julien Kronegg and Guillaume Chanel and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy
 + and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {EEG-based synchronized brain-computer interfaces: a model for optimizing
 + the number of mental tasks},
 +   journal = {IEEE transactions on neural systems and rehabilitation engineering},​
 +   year = {2007},
 +   volume = {15},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {bmi},
 +   number = {1},
 +   month = {March}
 + }
 + @MISC{Kronegg:​SIMILAR:​ITRBPO,​
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {bmi},
 +   author = {Julien Kronegg and Guillaume Chanel and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy
 + and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Information-transfer rate based performance optimization for brain-computer
 + interfaces},​
 +   howpublished = {Similar NOE Workshop},
 +   month = {June 8--9},
 +   year = {2006},
 +   note = {Heraklion, Greece},
 +   address = {Heraklion, Greece}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{Kronegg:​BCI:​MPBCIITR,​
 +   author = {Julien Kronegg and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Measuring the performance of brain-computer interfaces using the
 + information transfer rate},
 +   booktitle = {BCI 2005, Brain-Computer Interface Technology: Third International
 + Meeting},
 +   year = {2005},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {bmi},
 +   address = {Rensselaerville,​ NY, USA},
 +   month = {June 14--19}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{BMI:​Kronegg05,​
 +   author = {Julien Kronegg and Svyatoslav Voloshynovskiy and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Analysis of bit-rate definitions for Brain-Computer Interfaces},​
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the 2005 Int. Conf. on Human-computer Interaction
 + {(HCI'​05)}},​
 +   year = {2005},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {bmi},
 +   address = {Las Vegas, Nevada, USA},
 +   month = {June},
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2005/​Kronegg2005__Analysis_of_bit_rate_definitions_for_BCIs.pdf}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{Kronegg:​TR:​TR0503,​
 +   author = {Julien Kronegg and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Information-transfer rate modeling of EEG-based synchronized brain-computer
 + interfaces},​
 +   institution = {University of Geneva, Computer Vision and Multimedia Laboratory,
 + Computing Centre},
 +   year = {2005},
 +   vgclass = {techreport},​
 +   vgproject = {abweb},
 +   number = {05.03},
 +   address = {Rue G{\'​e}n{\'​e}ral Dufour, 24, CH-1211, Geneva, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {December 20},
 +   abstract = {The information-transfer rate (ITR) is commonly used to assess the
 + performance of brain-computer interfaces (BCI). Various studies have
 + shown that the optimal number of mental tasks to be used is fairly
 + low, around 3 or 4. We propose a formal approach and an experimental
 + validation to demonstrate and confirm that this optimum is user and
 + BCI design dependent. Even if increasing the number of mental tasks
 + to the optimum indeed leads to an increase of the ITR, the gain remains
 + small. This might not justify the added complexity in terms of protocol
 + design.},
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2005/​Kronegg2005__TechReport0503.pdf}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{BMI:​Jun0403,​
 +   author = {Jullien Kronegg and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Brain-computer interface model: Upper-capacity bound, signal-to-noise
 + ratio estimation, and optimal number of symbols},
 +   institution = {Computer Vision and Multimedia Laboratory, Computing Centre, University
 + of Geneva},
 +   year = {2004},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {bmi},
 +   number = {04.03},
 +   address = {Rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211, Geneva, Switzerland},​
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2004/​Kronegg2004__BCI_Model_upper_capacity_bound_(TR0403).pdf}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Kru1996,​
 +   vgclass = {diploma},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   author = {Attila Kruszely},
 +   title = {Suivi d'​objet bas\'e sur la couleur dans une s\'​equence d'​images},​
 +   howpublished = {Diploma thesis, University of Geneva},
 +   month = {June},
 +   year = {1996}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​KVH2000,​
 +   author = {Martin Kutter and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy and Alexander Herrigel},
 +   title = {Watermark copy attack},
 +   booktitle = {IS\&​T/​SPIE'​s 12th Annual Symposium, Electronic Imaging 2000: Security
 + and Watermarking of Multimedia Content II},
 +   year = {2000},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   editor = {Wah Wong, Ping and Edward J. Delp},
 +   volume = {3971},
 +   series = {SPIE Proceedings},​
 +   address = {San Jose, California USA},
 +   month = {23--28~jan},​
 +   note = {(Paper EI 3971-35)},
 +   abstract = {Research in digital watermarking has progressed along two paths. While
 + new watermarking technologies are being developed, some researchers
 + are also investigating di erent ways of attacking digital watermarks.
 + Common attacks to watermarks usually aim to destroy theembedded watermark
 + or to impair its detection. In this paper we propose a conceptually
 + new attack for digitally watermarked images. The proposed attack
 + doesnot destroy anembedded watermark, but copies it from one image
 + to a di erent image. Although this new attack does not destroy awatermark
 + or impair its detection, it creates new challenges, especially when
 + watermarks are used for copyright protection and identi cation. The
 + process of copying the watermark requires neither algorithmic knowledge
 + of the watermarking technology nor the watermarking key. The attack
 + is based on an estimation of the embedded watermark in the spatial
 + domain through a ltering process. The estimate of the watermark is
 + then adapted and inserted into the target image. To illustrate the
 + performance of the proposed attack we applied it to commercial and
 + non-commercial watermarking schemes. The experiments showed that
 + the attack is very e ective in copying a watermark from one image
 + to a di erent image. In addition, we have a closer look at application
 + dependent implications of this new attack.},
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2000/​KutterVoloshynovskiyHerrigel_spie2000.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2000/​KutterVoloshynovskiyHerrigel_spie2000.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​LMB1997,​
 +   author = {Abderrahim Labbi and Ruggero Milanese and Holger Bosch},
 +   title = {Gray-level object segmentation with a network of {F}itz{H}ugh-{N}agumo
 + oscillators},​
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the International Workshop on Artificial and Natural
 + Neural Networks (IWANN'​97),​ Lanzarote, Canary Islands},
 +   year = {1997},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
 +   publisher = {Springer-Verlag},​
 +   abstract = {In this paper we adopt a temporal coding approach to neuronal modeling
 + of the visual cortex, using oscillations. We propose a hierarchy
 + of three processing modules corresponding to different levels of
 + representation. The first layer encodes the input image (stimulus)
 + into an array of units, while the second layer consists of a network
 + of FitzHugh-Nagumo oscillators. The dynamical behaviour of the coupled
 + oscillators is rigorously investigated and a stimulus-driven synchronization
 + theorem is derived. However, this module reveals itself insufficient
 + to correctly encode and segregate different objects when they have
 + similar gray-levels in the input image. Therefore, a third layer
 + connected in a feedback loop with the oscillators is added. This
 + ensures synchronization (resp. desynchronization) of neuron ensembles
 + representing the same (resp. a different) object. Simulation results
 + are presented using synthetic as well as real and noisy gray-level
 + images.},
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​97/​LabbiMilaneseBosch_iwann97.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​97/​LabbiMilaneseBosch_iwann97.pdf}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​LMB1997a,​
 +   author = {Abderrahim Labbi and Ruggero Milanese and Holger Bosch},
 +   title = {Global synchronization and selective desynchronization of {F}itz{H}ugh-{N}agumo
 + oscillators},​
 +   institution = {Computer Vision Group, Computing Centre, University of Geneva},
 +   year = {1997},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {97.05},
 +   address = {rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211 Gen\`eve, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {July},
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​97/​VGTR97.05_LabbiMilaneseBosch.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​97/​VGTR97.05_LabbiMilaneseBosch.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​LMB1997b,​
 +   author = {Abderrahim Labbi and Ruggero Milanese and Holger Bosch},
 +   title = {A Network of {F}itz{H}ugh-{N}agumo Oscillators for Object Segmentation},​
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the International Symposium on Nonlinear Theory and
 + its Applications (NOLTA'​97)},​
 +   year = {1997},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   address = {Honolulu, Hawaii, USA},
 +   month = {November},
 +   abstract = {This paper adresses the problem of modeling object segmentation in
 + the visual cortex using oscillations. The proposed architecture is
 + based on a network of locally connected FitzHugh-Nagumo oscillators
 + which receive graded external input. We show the suitability of such
 + a network to encode the stimulus since the amplitude of oscillations
 + increases monotonically as a function of the input in the neighborhood
 + of a bifurcation,​ while the frequency remains nearly constant. However,
 + due to the diffusive effects of the Laplacian connectivity,​ the oscillators
 + tend to be in phase even when they represent different objects. Therefore
 + a desynchronization mechanism, which represents spatial information
 + about the objects, is added. The overall dynamics are described and
 + simulation results on real images are shown.},
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​97/​LabbiMilaneseBosch_nolta97.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​97/​LabbiMilaneseBosch_nolta97.pdf}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​Lef1992,​
 +   author = {Marc Lefebvre},
 +   title = {Vision pour la robotique agricole},
 +   institution = {AI and Vision Group, Computing Centre, University of Geneva},
 +   year = {1992},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {92.01},
 +   address = {rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211 Gen\`eve, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {July}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​LBD1991,​
 +   author = {Marc Lefebvre and Denis Brunet and J.-D. Dessimoz and P. Gugerli
 + and R. Strasser and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {The {P}otato {O}peration:​ general overview},
 +   institution = {AI and Vision Group, Computing Centre, University of Geneva},
 +   year = {1991},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {91.01},
 +   address = {rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211 Gen\`eve, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {January}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​LBP1991,​
 +   author = {Marc Lefebvre and Denis Brunet and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {The {P}otato {O}peration:​ germs detection using contour based measures},
 +   institution = {AI and Vision Group, Computing Centre, University of Geneva},
 +   year = {1991},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {91.02},
 +   address = {rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211 Gen\`eve, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {January}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​LDG1990,​
 +   author = {Marc Lefebvre and J.-D. Dessimoz and P. Gugerli and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Potato {O}peration},​
 +   booktitle = {Computer Vision Workshop, SGAICO'​90,​ Swiss Group for Artificial Intelligence
 + and Cognitive Science, Geneva, Switzerland},​
 +   year = {1990},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   month = {October}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​LGB1993,​
 +   author = {Marc Lefebvre and Sylvia Gil and C. Baur and J.-D. Dessimoz and Thierry
 + Pun},
 +   title = {The {P}otato {O}peration:​ computer vision for agricultural robotics
 + and quality control},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Fruit, Nut and
 + Vegetable Production Engineering,​ Valencia, Spain},
 +   year = {1993},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   pages = {1--8},
 +   month = {March}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{VG:​LGB1993a,​
 +   author = {Marc Lefebvre and Sylvia Gil and Denis Brunet and E. Natonek and
 + C. Baur and P. Gugerli and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Computer vision and agricultural robotics for disease control: the
 + {P}otato {O}peration},​
 +   journal = {Computers and Electronics in Agriculture},​
 +   year = {1993},
 +   volume = {9},
 +   pages = {85--102},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   note = {(Special Edition on Computer Vision)},
 +   url = {ftp://​cui.unige.ch/​PUBLIC/​vision/​papers/​lefebvre/​93.2.SFNVPE.ps.Z}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​LGG1992,​
 +   author = {Marc Lefebvre and Sylvia Gil and M.-A. Glassey and C. Baur and Thierry
 + Pun},
 +   title = {3{D} computer vision for agrotics: the {P}otato {O}peration,​ an overview},
 +   booktitle = {11th IAPR - Computer Vision and Applications,​ The Hague, The Netherlands},​
 +   year = {1992},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   pages = {207--210},
 +   month = {August},
 +   url = {ftp://​cui.unige.ch/​PUBLIC/​vision/​papers/​lefebvre/​92.IAPR.ps.Z}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​LZB1994a,​
 +   author = {Marc Lefebvre and T. Zimmerman and C. Baur and P. Gugerli and Thierry
 + Pun},
 +   title = {Potato {O}peration:​ status report},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings 2nd Symposium on Artificial Intelligence and Robotics,
 + Lausanne, Switzerland},​
 +   year = {1994},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   editor = {R. Bless},
 +   pages = {91--96},
 +   month = {September},​
 +   organization = {National Research Program NFP/PNR 23}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​LZB1994,​
 +   author = {Marc Lefebvre and Thierry Zimmerman and Charles Baur and Paul Gugerli
 + and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Potato operation: automatic detection of potato diseases},
 +   booktitle = {Optics in Agriculture,​ Forestry and Biological Processing},​
 +   year = {1994},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   editor = {George E. Meyer and James A. DeShazer},
 +   volume = {2345},
 +   series = {SPIE Proceedings},​
 +   pages = {2--9},
 +   address = {Boston, USA},
 +   month = {October},
 +   abstract = {The Potato Operation is a collaborative,​ multidisciplinary project
 + in the domain of destructive testing of agricultural products. It
 + aims at automatizing pulp sampling of potatoes in order to detect
 + possible viral diseases. Such viruses can decrease fields productivity
 + by a factor of up to ten. A machine, composed of three conveyor belts,
 + a vision system, a robotic arm and controlled by a PC has been built.
 + Potatoes are brought one by one from a bulk to the vision system,
 + where they are seized by a rotating holding device. The sprouts,
 + where the viral activity is maximum, are then detected by an active
 + vision process operating on multiple views. The 3D coordinates of
 + the sampling point are communicated to the robot arm holding a drill.
 + Some flesh is then sampled by the drill, then deposited into an Elisa
 + plate. After sampling, the robot arm washes the drill in order to
 + prevent any contamination. The PC computer simultaneously controls
 + these processes, the conveying of the potatoes, the vision algorithms
 + and the sampling procedure. The master process, that is the vision
 + procedure,​ makes use of three methods to achieve the sprouts detection.
 + A profile analysis first locates the sprouts as protuberances. Two
 + frontal analyses, respectively based on fluorescence and local variance,
 + confirm the previous detection and provide the 3D coordinate of the
 + sampling zone. The other two processes work by interruption of the
 + master process.},
 +   url = {ftp://​cui.unige.ch/​PUBLIC/​vision/​papers/​lefebvre/​94.SPIE.ps.Z}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Lou2001,​
 +   vgclass = {diploma},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   author = {Tatiana Louchnikova},​
 +   title = {Segmentation {d'​Images} Interactive},​
 +   year = {2001},
 +   note = {In French},
 +   url = {http://​viper.unige.ch/​segmentation/​}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​LMM2002,​
 +   author = {Tatiana Louchnikova and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet},​
 +   title = {Flexible Image Decomposition for Multimedia Indexing and Retrieval},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of {SPIE} Photonics West, Electronic Imaging 2002, Internet
 + Imaging {III}},
 +   year = {2002},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   editor = {G. Beretta and R. Schettini Eds},
 +   address = {San Jose, USA}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Luo2000,​
 +   vgclass = {licence},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   author = {Cornelia Luoni},
 +   title = {Development of an Interface to a Database Storing the Features of
 + a Multimedia Retrieval System},
 +   howpublished = {Licence thesis (BSc), University of Geneva},
 +   month = {December},
 +   year = {2000}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​Lut1990,​
 +   author = {Ren{\'​e} Lutz},
 +   title = {Segmentation de r\'​egions par une m\'​ethode r\'​ecursive},​
 +   institution = {AI and Vision Group, Computing Centre, University of Geneva},
 +   year = {1990},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {90.01},
 +   address = {rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211 Gen\`eve, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {May}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Lut1988,​
 +   vgclass = {diploma},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   author = {Ren{\'​e} Lutz},
 +   title = {Conception et r\'​ealisation d'​outils interactifs pour l'​enseignement
 + du graphisme et du traitement d'​images},​
 +   howpublished = {Diploma thesis, University of Geneva},
 +   month = {December},
 +   year = {1988}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{VG:​LPP1991,​
 +   author = {Ren{\'​e} Lutz and Thierry Pun and Christian Pellegrini},​
 +   title = {Colour displays and lookup tables: real time modifications of digital
 + images},
 +   journal = {Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics},
 +   year = {1991},
 +   volume = {15},
 +   pages = {73--84},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {2}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Lut1987,​
 +   vgclass = {licence},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   author = {Ren{\'​e} W. Lutz},
 +   title = {Conception et r\'​ealisation d'un environnement convivial pour l'​enseignement
 + pratique du graphisme et la programmation de syst\`emes graphiques
 + simples},
 +   howpublished = {Licence thesis (B.Sc.), University of Geneva},
 +   month = {December},
 +   year = {1987}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​Dec0308,​
 +   author = {S. Marchand-Maillet},​
 +   title = {Collection guiding},
 +   institution = {Computer Vision and Multimedia Laboratory, Computing Centre, University
 + of Geneva},
 +   year = {2003},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   number = {03.08},
 +   address = {Rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211, Geneva, Switzerland}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​Mar0301,​
 +   author = {St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet},​
 +   title = {Meeting Record Modelling for Enhanced Browsing},
 +   institution = {Computer Vision and Multimedia Laboratory, Computing Centre, University
 + of Geneva},
 +   year = {2003},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   number = {03.01},
 +   address = {rue General Dufour, 24, CH-1211, Geneva, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {March}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​Mar0302,​
 +   author = {St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet},​
 +   title = {MRML: Steps towards version 2},
 +   institution = {Computer Vision and Multimedia Laboratory, Computing Centre, University
 + of Geneva},
 +   year = {2003},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   number = {03.02},
 +   address = {rue General Dufour, 24, CH-1211, Geneva, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {March}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​Mar2002,​
 +   author = {St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet},​
 +   title = {Construction of a Formal Multimedia Benchmark},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the European Signal Processing Conference {(EUSIPCO2002)}},​
 +   year = {2002},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   address = {Toulouse, France},
 +   month = {September},​
 +   note = {(Invited paper)},
 +   abstract = {The global acceptance of the digital medium to carry information (in
 + particular over the WWW) makes common the use and development of
 + multimedia information processing systems. This class of systems
 + is very wide and numerous instances are presented in the relevant
 + literature. A common scheme for such presentation mostly follows
 + the classical scheme of specification,​ development and test. However,
 + in most cases, the evaluation of these systems is related to each
 + particular system. Our aim here is to abstract the class of multimedia
 + systems in order to present a base framework via which systems could
 + be formally compared. This paper analyzes the construction of such
 + a multimedia benchmark by looking at the system from different angles
 + and inheriting from techniques in related fields. Examples of known
 + multimedia system benchmarks are discussed.}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Mar2002a,​
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   author = {St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet},​
 +   title = {{CBIR} in Geneva: Past, Present and Future},
 +   howpublished = {Meeting Content-Based Image and Video Retrieval (Dagstuhl seminar)
 + - (Invited)},
 +   month = {Januray},
 +   year = {2002},
 +   note = {J. Malik (UC Berkeley, USA), H.-P. Kriegel (LMU M\"​unchen,​ Germany),
 + L. Shapiro (Univ. of Washington, USA), R. Veltkamp (Utrecht Univ.,
 + The Netherlands) eds.}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​Mar2001,​
 +   author = {St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet},​
 +   title = {Performance Evaluation in Content-Based Image Retrieval},
 +   booktitle = {Multimedia Content-Based Indexing and Retrieval {(MMCBIR} 2001)},
 +   year = {2001},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   address = {INRIA Rocquencourt,​ Paris, France},
 +   month = {September},​
 +   note = {Invited contribution},​
 +   abstract = {Content-based image retrieval (CBIR) has now reached a mature stage.
 + Search techniques are well-categorized and several research prototypes
 + or commercial products are available. However, CBIR true performance
 + is still difficult to quantify. Setting up a CBIR benchmark is a
 + heavy task and can only be done via the collaboration of all parties
 + involved in the research and development of CBIR prototypes and related
 + commercial products. The Benchathlon effort proposes to create such
 + a context in which CBIR will be evaluated thoroughly and objectively.
 + In this paper, we present the Benchathlon and its objectives in more
 + details. The goal of CBIR benchmarking has been divided into various
 + parallel and inter-related sub-tasks. One essential such task is
 + the definition of ground truth data. Since no such data exists, the
 + image collection is to be constructed from scratch. Copyright issues
 + should be resolved so as to be able to freely distribute, extend
 + and modify this collection. Further, different sub-collections should
 + be available for different specialized applications. It is also acknowledged
 + here that no unique ground truth exists. Techniques to account for
 + user subjectivity should therefore be developed. Considering the
 + effort involved, tools for easing the task of data annotation need
 + also to be designed. Related to this is the definition of objective
 + quantitative performance measures. These measures should be both
 + thorough and orthogonal. In other words, they should allow for a
 + complete evaluation and highlight weaknesses and strengths of the
 + CBIR system under evaluation. The goal being both to compare systems
 + and to help system developers to profile their techniques. To use
 + this data in practical evaluation, there is also the need for defining
 + standard test queries and result sets. Domain-specific constraints
 + will strongly influence the design of such test cases. Another aspect
 + is the feasibility of CBIR benchmarking. This imposes the definition
 + of a flexible software architecture enabling automated benchmarking
 + while leading to little (optimally no) programming overhead. Again,
 + legal issues about the openness of the systems under evaluation should
 + be accounted for. In our paper, we also shortly present the solutions
 + proposed by the Viper team at University of Geneva. These realizations
 + are gathered under the umbrella of our GIFT project where the central
 + feature is the Multimedia Retrieval Markup Language (MRML), an XML-based
 + communication protocol that we think is a necessary tool for enabling
 + CBIR benchmarking. We describe the architecture of our MRML-based
 + benchmark and sketch results for the Viper search engine.}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​Mar2000,​
 +   author = {St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet},​
 +   title = {Content-Based Video Retrieval: An Overview},
 +   institution = {CUI - University of Geneva},
 +   year = {2000},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   number = {00.06},
 +   address = {Geneva, Switzerland},​
 +   abstract = {Content-based Image Retrieval systems (CBIRS) start flourishing on
 + the Web. Their performances are continuously improving and their
 + base principles span a wide range of diversity. Content-based Video
 + Retrieval systems (CBVRS) are less common and seem at a first glance
 + to be a natural extension of CBIRS. In this document, we summarise
 + advances made in the development of CBVRS and analyse their relationship
 + to CBIRS. While doing so, we show that CBVRS are actually not so
 + obvious extensions of CBIRS. (40 References)},​
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2000/​VGTR00.06_Marchand.pdf},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2000/​VGTR00.06_Marchand.pdf},​
 +   url2 = {http://​viper.unige.ch/​~marchand/​CBVR/​}
 + }
 + @BOOK{Marchand-Maillet2007,​
 +   title = {Adaptive Multmedia Retrieval: User, Context and Feedback},
 +   publisher = {Springer-Verlag},​
 +   year = {2007},
 +   author = {St\'​ephane Marchand-Maillet and Eric Bruno and Andreas Nurnberger
 + and Marcin Detyniecki},​
 +   series = {Lecture Notes on Computer Science},
 +   owner = {beekhof},
 +   timestamp = {2007.10.09}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​SMM04collection,​
 +   author = {St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet and {\'​E}ric Bruno},
 +   title = {Collection Guiding: A new framework for handling large multimedia
 + collections},​
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the First Workshop on Audio-visual Content And Information
 + Visualization In Digital Librairies, {AVIVDiLib05}},​
 +   year = {2005},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   address = {Cortona, Italy}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​MLM2001,​
 +   author = {St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet and Nadia Lasri and Henning M{\"​u}ller
 + and Wolfgang M{\"​u}ller and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {The Reality of Content-based Image Retrieval},
 +   booktitle = {Proceeding of the meeting Suchbilder},​
 +   year = {2001},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   address = {Berlin, Germany},
 +   month = {February},
 +   note = {(to appear)},
 +   url = {http://​www.suchbilder.de/​}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Mar1995,​
 +   vgclass = {diploma},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   author = {Marc Martin},
 +   title = {Recherche d'​images par leur contenu ({SPIP}: {S}earch pictures in
 + pictures)},​
 +   howpublished = {Diploma thesis, University of Geneva},
 +   month = {June},
 +   year = {1995},
 +   abstract = {Avec l'​apparition sur le march\'​e de machines chaque jour de plus
 + en plus puissantes, les ordinateurs deviennent capables de traiter
 + des informations de plus en plus volumineuses comme les sons ou encore
 + les images num\'​eris\'​es. Ce sont ces derni\`eres,​ qui nous int\'​eressent
 + plus particuli\`erement,​ les machines de type ``ordinateur personnel''​
 + sont d\'​esormais capables de g\'​erer des images de plusieurs millions
 + de pixels avec un nombre de couleurs si \'​elev\'​e qu'il d\'​epasse
 + la capacit\'​e de discernement de l'oeil humain. Ainsi, avec les possibilit\'​es
 + de traitement qu'​autorise la num\'​erisation,​ les images informatiques
 + ne pouvaient que se multiplier. Il est aujourd'​hui possible de trouver
 + des images sur n'​importe quel sujet, et c'est ici qu'un probl\`eme
 + se pose. Pour des raisons qui lui sont propres, un utilisateur quelconque
 + peut avoir un besoin urgent d'une image qui comporte une voiture
 + rouge gar\'​ee sur de l'​herbe verte. Il se rappellera peut-\^etre
 + avoir d\'​ej\`a vu une image de ce genre quelque part, mais aura certainement
 + beaucoup de mal \`a la retrouver sans outils sp\'​ecifiques Or, il
 + se trouve que de tels outils sont encore introuvables sur le march\'​e.
 + C'​est apr\`es avoir constat\'​e ce manque que certains laboratoires
 + de recherche se sont attel\'​es \`a produire un logiciel qui soit
 + capable de retrouver, si possible, une image en fonction de son contenu.
 + Et parmi les produits qui sont apparus, on pourra citer le syst\`eme
 + QBIC (Querying By Image Content [4]) produit par les laboratoires
 + de recherche d'IBM au cours de l'​ann\'​ee 1993.},
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​95/​MarcMartin_diploma.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​95/​MarcMartin_diploma.pdf}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​McI1990,​
 +   vgclass = {licence},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   author = {Fiona McIntosh},
 +   title = {Evaluation of new image segmentation techniques for {PET-SHOP} ({E}valuation
 + de nouvelles techniques de segmentation d'​images pour {PET-SHOP})},​
 +   howpublished = {Licence thesis (B.Sc.), University of Geneva},
 +   month = {January},
 +   year = {1990}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​Mil1993,​
 +   author = {Ruggero Milanese},
 +   title = {Selection of visual information with a bottom-up attention system},
 +   booktitle = {{NATO} Advanced Studies Institute on Statistics and Neural Networks,
 + Les Arcs, France},
 +   year = {1993},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   month = {June},
 +   note = {(Research Summary for Poster Presentation)}
 + }
 + @PHDTHESIS{VG:​Mil1993a,​
 +   author = {Ruggero Milanese},
 +   title = {Detecting salient regions in an image: from biological evidence to
 + computer implementation (``D\'​etection des r\'​egions saillantes d'une
 + image: de l'​\'​evidence biologique \`a l'​impl\'​ementation''​)},​
 +   school = {University of Geneva},
 +   year = {1993},
 +   type = {{P}h.{D}. {D}issertation {N}o. 2647},
 +   address = {Switzerland},​
 +   month = {December},
 +   note = {Thesis Jury: Prof.~Harry Wechsler (Geaorge Mason Univ., USA), Dr.~Yves
 + Burnod (Neurosciences,​ Paris, FR), Prof.~Christian Pellegrini (Geneva,
 + CH), Prof.~Thierry Pun (director, Geneva, CH)},
 +   url = {http://​cui.unige.ch/​~milanese/​pub/​thesis.html},​
 +   vgclass = {thesis},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​Mil1993b,​
 +   author = {Ruggero Milanese},
 +   title = {Mathematical derivation of energy functions for the integration of
 + conspicuity maps},
 +   institution = {AI and Vision Group, Computing Centre, University of Geneva},
 +   year = {1993},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {93.01},
 +   address = {rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211 Gen\`eve, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {January}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​Mil1991,​
 +   author = {Ruggero Milanese},
 +   title = {Detection of salient features for focus of attention},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings 3rd SGAICO Meeting (Swiss Group for Artificial Intelligence
 + and Cognitive Science), Biel-Bienne,​ Switzerland},​
 +   year = {1992},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   pages = {87--101},
 +   month = {October},
 +   note = {(published as: University of Bern, Institute for Comp. Science and
 + Mathematics,​ Technical Report IAM-91--004,​ H. Kaiser, R. Bach and
 + H. Bunke, Eds., March 1992)}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​Mil1990,​
 +   author = {Ruggero Milanese},
 +   title = {Focus of attention in human vision: a survey},
 +   institution = {AI and Vision Group, Computing Centre, University of Geneva},
 +   year = {1990},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {90.07},
 +   address = {rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211 Gen\`eve, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {August}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​Mil1990a,​
 +   author = {Ruggero Milanese},
 +   title = {Applying focus of attention to a computer vision system},
 +   institution = {AI and Vision Group, Computing Centre, University of Geneva},
 +   year = {1990},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {90.07},
 +   address = {rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211 Gen\`eve, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {December}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​MBP1991,​
 +   author = {Ruggero Milanese and Jean-Marc Bost and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Visual indexing with an attentive system},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings Second AI*IA Scientific Congress (Associazione Italiana
 + per l'​Intelligenza Artificiale),​ Palermo, Italy},
 +   year = {1991},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   editor = {E. Ardizzone and S. Gaglio and F. Sorbello},
 +   number = {549},
 +   series = {Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence},​
 +   pages = {415--419},
 +   month = {October},
 +   publisher = {Springer-Verlag},​
 +   note = {Published in: Trends in Artificial Intelligence}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​MBP1992a,​
 +   author = {Ruggero Milanese and Jean-Marc Bost and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {A relaxation network for a feature-driven visual attention system},
 +   booktitle = {Neural and Stochastic Methods in Image and Signal Processing},​
 +   year = {1992},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   editor = {Su-Shing Chen},
 +   volume = {1766},
 +   series = {SPIE Proceedings},​
 +   pages = {542--552},
 +   address = {San Diego, CA, USA},
 +   month = {July},
 +   note = {(Conference on Application of Digital Image Processing XV)},
 +   abstract = {In this paper an attention module is described, which can be used
 + by an active vision system to generate gaze changes. This module
 + is based on a bottom-up, feature-driven analysis of the image. The
 + results are regions of the input image which contain strange features,
 + i.e., locations of the most `interesting'​ and `important'​ information.
 + The method proposed for detecting such regions is based on the decomposition
 + of the input image into a set of independent retinotopic feature
 + maps. Each map represents the value of a certain attribute computed
 + on a set of low-level primitives such as contours and regions. Relevant
 + objects can be detected if the corresponding primitives have a feature
 + value strongly different from the neighboring ones. Local comparisons
 + of feature values are used to compute such measures of `difference'​
 + for each feature map and give rise to a corresponding set of conspicuity
 + maps. In order to obtain a single measure of interest for each location
 + and to make the process robust to noise, a relaxation algorithm is
 + run on the set of conspicuity maps. A dozen iterations are sufficient
 + to detect a binary mask identifying the attention regions. Results
 + on real scenes are presented.},​
 +   url = {ftp://​cui.unige.ch/​PUBLIC/​vision/​papers/​milanese/​92.07.spie92.ps.Z}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​MBP1992b,​
 +   author = {Ruggero Milanese and Jean-Marc Bost and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {A bottom-up attention system for active vision},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings ECAI 92, 10th. European Conference on Artificial Intelligence,​
 + Vienna},
 +   year = {1992},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   editor = {B. Neumann},
 +   pages = {808--810},
 +   month = {August},
 +   publisher = {John Wiley and Sons},
 +   url = {ftp://​cui.unige.ch/​PUBLIC/​vision/​papers/​milanese/​92.08.ecai92.ps.Z}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​MBP1992,​
 +   author = {Ruggero Milanese and Jean-Marc Bost and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Extraction of interesting regions with bottom-up visual attention},
 +   booktitle = {1st Swiss Symposium on Pattern Recognition and Computer Vision, Lausanne,
 + Switzerland},​
 +   year = {1992},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   pages = {85--96},
 +   month = {January}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​MBP1991a,​
 +   author = {Ruggero Milanese and Jean-Marc Bost and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Visione attentiva},
 +   booktitle = {First Workshop on Perception, AI*IA (Associazione Italiana per l'​Intelligenza
 + Artificiale),​ Parma, Italy},
 +   year = {1991},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   month = {April}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{VG:​MiC1999,​
 +   author = {Ruggero Milanese and Michel Cherbuliez},​
 +   title = {A Rotation, Translation,​ and Scale-Invariant Approach to Content-Based
 + Image Retrieval},
 +   journal = {Visual Communication and Image Representation},​
 +   year = {1999},
 +   volume = {10},
 +   pages = {186--196},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {cbir},
 +   number = {2},
 +   month = {June},
 +   abstract = {We describe a method for computing an image signature, suitable for
 + content-based retrieval from image databases. The signature is extracted
 + from the Fourier power spectrum by performing a mapping from cartesian
 + to logarithmic-polar coordinates,​ projecting this mapping onto two
 + 1D signature vectors, and computing their power spectra coefficients.
 + Similar to wavelet-based approaches, this representation is \emph{holistic}
 + and, thus, provides a compact description of all image aspects, including
 + shape, texture, and color. Furthermore,​ it has the advantage of being
 + invariant to 2D rigid transformations,​ such as any combination of
 + rotation, scaling, and translation. Experiments have been conducted
 + on a database of 2082 images extracted from various news video clips.
 + Results confirm invariance to 2D rigid transformations,​ as well as
 + high resilience to more general affine and projective transformations.
 + Moreover, the signature appears to capture perceptually relevant
 + image features, in that it allows successful database querying using
 + example images which have been subject to arbitrary camera and subject
 + motion.}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​MCP1999,​
 +   author = {Ruggero Milanese and Michel Cherbuliez and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Invariant content-based image retrieval using the {F}ourier-{M}ellin
 + transform},​
 +   booktitle = {International Conference on Advances in Pattern Recognition (ICAPR'​98)},​
 +   year = {1999},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   editor = {S. Singh},
 +   pages = {73--82},
 +   publisher = {Springer},
 +   note = {(Plymouth, UK, 23--25 November 1998)},
 +   abstract = {Recent advances in storage, computing and communication technology
 + have created the need for efficient, user-friendly access methods
 + to multimedia archives. In this paper we address the problem of automatically
 + extracting visual descriptions suitable for indexing images and videos
 + in a database. A new method is proposed, and its applicability is
 + shown using a collection of still images extracted from a video archive.
 + Contrarily to classical approaches, which describe different image
 + aspects (e.g. color, shape, texture) separately, we take on a holistic
 + approach, through the use of integral transforms. In this way, a
 + unique multidimensional descriptor is available to represent all
 + image aspects, and the user is not required to combine multiple independent
 + rankings. With respect to other holistic approaches, such as those
 + based on the wavelet transform, we seek a superior robustness to
 + image transformations such as translation,​ rotation, and scaling.
 + [insert abstract2] Invariance to rotation, translation and scaling
 + has been verified for the ideal case of rigid 2D image transformations,​
 + as well as using images that have been transformed through camera
 + motion (pan/​tilt/​rotation) and zooming effects. An experimental database
 + has been created using various TV news clips. Shots presenting considerable
 + camera motion, zooming, as well as unrestricted subject motion have
 + been detected, and a number of still images have been extracted from
 + each of them, for a total of 2'082 images. This shot-based clustering
 + naturally provides a ground truth for the desired similarity rankings.
 + Experimental results yield on average 67\% recall for the 12 top-ranked
 + hits, and 54\% precision at 100\% recall. This shows that, although
 + the signature is only meant to conceal rigid 2D euclidean transformations,​
 + it is highly resilient to much more complex transformations (projection,​
 + arbitrary subject motion, subject appearance/​disappearance),​ and
 + seemingly captures perceptually relevant image features.},
 +   abstract2 = {The proposed image signature is obtained through the following steps.
 + First, translation invariance is obtained by computing the Fourier
 + power spectrum. A coordinate change from cartesian to logarithmic-polar
 + maps rotation and scaling transformations into shifts in the transformed
 + space. These quasi-invariant properties are preserved under projection
 + of this 2D representation onto two 1D normalized orthogonal subspaces.
 + The latter describe, respectively,​ the probability density of the
 + image'​s spectrum coefficients with respect to the orientation and
 + scale. Finally, complete invariance to rotation and scaling is again
 + achieved by computing the Fourier power spectrum of these vectors,
 + and by suppressing their even-symmetry components. In practice, this
 + image representation by two 2D signature vectors proves to be very
 + compact (64 coefficients for each color plane of 256x256 images)
 + and prone to efficient implementations,​ both for signature extraction
 + and for indexing (matching with other images of a database). Moreover
 + tools can easily be devised in order to identify the most relevant
 + aspects of a query image (e.g. its dominant frequency range, the
 + relevance of chromatic information,​ etc.). User-entered relevance
 + weights can indeed be employed to modulate the distance function
 + in the R64 space.},
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​98/​MilaneseCherbuliezPun_icapr98.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​98/​MilaneseCherbuliezPun_icapr98.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​MDJ1997,​
 +   author = {Ruggero Milanese and Fr{\'​e}d{\'​e}ric Deguillaume and Alain Jacot-Descombes},​
 +   title = {Video segmentation and camera motion characterization using compressed
 + data},
 +   booktitle = {Multimedia Storage and Archiving Systems II},
 +   year = {1997},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {dvp,cbir},
 +   editor = {C.-C. J. Kuo and Shih Fu Chang and Venkat N. Gudivada},
 +   volume = {3229},
 +   series = {SPIE Proceedings},​
 +   address = {Dallas TX},
 +   month = {November},
 +   abstract = {We address the problem of automatically extracting visual indexes
 + from videos, in order to provide sophisticated access methods to
 + the contents of a video server. We focus on two tasks, namely the
 + decomposition of a video clip into uniform segments (shots) and the
 + characterization of each shot by camera motion parameters. For the
 + first task we use a Bayesian classification approach to detecting
 + scene cuts by analyzing motion vectors. For the second task a least-squares
 + fitting procedure determines the pan/​tilt/​zoom camera parameters.
 + In order to guarantee the highest processing speed, all techniques
 + process and analyze directly MPEG-1 motion vectors, without need
 + for video decompression. Experimental results are reported for a
 + database of news video clips.},
 +   keywords = {Shot detection, Camera motion, Video archival, Content-based retrievnal,
 + Bayesian classification,​ MPEG},
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​97/​MilaneseDeguillaumeJacot-Descombes_msasII.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​97/​MilaneseDeguillaumeJacot-Descombes_msasII.pdf}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{VG:​MDJ1998,​
 +   author = {Ruggero Milanese and Fr{\'​e}d{\'​e}ric Deguillaume and Alain Jacot-Descombes},​
 +   title = {Efficient Segmentation and Camera Motion Indexing of Compressed Video},
 +   journal = {Journal of Real-Time Imaging},
 +   year = {1998},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {dvp,cbir},
 +   note = {(accepted for publication)},​
 +   abstract = {In order to provide sophisticated access methods to the contents of
 + video servers, it is necessary to automatically process and represent
 + each video through a number of visual indexes. We focus on two tasks,
 + namely the hierarchical representation of a video as a sequence of
 + uniform segments (shots), and the characterization of each shot by
 + a vector describing the camera motion parameters. For the first task
 + we use a Bayesian classification approach to detecting scene cuts
 + by analyzing motion vectors. Adaptability to different compression
 + qualities is achieved by learning different classification masks.
 + For the second task, the optical flow is processed in order to distinguish
 + between stationary and moving shots. A least-squares fitting procedure
 + determines the pan/​tilt/​zoom camera parameters within shots that
 + present regular motion. Each shot is then indexed by a vector representing
 + the dominant motion components and the type of motion. In order to
 + minimize processing speed, all techniques process and analyze directly
 + MPEG-1 motion vectors, without need for video decompression. An overall
 + processing rate of 59 frames/s is achieved on software. The successful
 + classification performance,​ evaluated on various news video clips
 + for a total of 61,023 frames, attains 97.7\% for the shot segmentation,​
 + 88.4\% for the stationary vs. moving shot classification,​ and 94.7\%
 + for the detailed camera motion characterization.}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{VG:​MGP1995,​
 +   author = {Ruggero Milanese and Sylvia Gil and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Attentive mechanisms for dynamic and static scene analysis},
 +   journal = {Optical Engineering},​
 +   year = {1995},
 +   volume = {34},
 +   pages = {2428--2434},​
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {8},
 +   month = {August}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​MJP1998,​
 +   author = {Ruggero Milanese and Alain Jacot-Descombes and Thierry Pun and Fr{\'​e}d{\'​e}ric
 + Deguillaume and Lori Petrucci and Michel Cherbuliez and Andr{\'​e}
 + De Giacomi},
 +   title = {Distributed Video Editing, Archival and Retrieval},
 +   institution = {Computer Vision Group, Computing Centre, University of Geneva},
 +   year = {1998},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {dvp,cbir},
 +   number = {98.02},
 +   address = {rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211 Gen\`eve, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {February},
 +   note = {(Final Report, ACTS Project DVP, Distributed Video Production)},​
 +   abstract = {Within the Distributed Video Production project (European Union ACTS
 + A089), the goal of the Distributed Video Editing, Archival and Retrieval
 + (DVER) application is to provide broadcasters with a complete solution
 + for distributed video post-production. This system should combine
 + together archival, retrieval, and editing functionalities in order
 + to increase the accessibility and reuse of archive material. Moreover,
 + the system should be geographically distributed,​ guarantee a high
 + degree of portability to different platforms, and employ digital
 + video using standard compression formats. All these objectives have
 + been achieved, and a complete prototype has been integrated and put
 + in operation by our end user (MegaChannel TV) for news post-production.},​
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​98/​VGTR98.02_MilaneseJacot-DescombesPun_et_al.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​98/​VGTR98.02_MilaneseJacot-DescombesPun_et_al.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​MiP1994,​
 +   author = {Ruggero Milanese and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Un mod\`ele computationnel de l'​attention visuelle},
 +   booktitle = {NSI 94, 7\`emes Journ\'​ees Neurosciences et Sciences de l'​Ing\'​enieur},​
 +   year = {1994},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   pages = {19--22},
 +   address = {Chamonix, France},
 +   month = {May},
 +   note = {(extended abstract)}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​MPG1994,​
 +   author = {Ruggero Milanese and Thierry Pun and Sylvia Gil and Jean-Marc Bost},
 +   title = {Exploiting dynamic aspects of visual perception for objects recognition},​
 +   booktitle = {PerAc 94, From Perception to Action, Lausanne, Switzerland},​
 +   year = {1994},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   editor = {P. Gaussier and J.-D. Nicoud},
 +   pages = {193--205},
 +   month = {September},​
 +   publisher = {IEEE Computer Society Press}
 + }
 + @INCOLLECTION{VG:​MPW1993,​
 +   author = {Ruggero Milanese and Thierry Pun and Harry Wechsler},
 +   title = {A non-linear integration process for the selection of visual information},​
 +   booktitle = {Intelligent Perceptual Systems: New Directions in Computational Perception},​
 +   publisher = {Springer-Verlag},​
 +   year = {1993},
 +   editor = {V. Roberto},
 +   volume = {745},
 +   series = {Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence},​
 +   pages = {322--336},
 +   url = { ftp://​cui.unige.ch/​PUBLIC/​vision/​papers/​milanese/​93.lnai.springer-verlag.ps.Z},​
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​MPW1994,​
 +   author = {Ruggero Milanese and Thierry Pun and Harry Wechsler},
 +   title = {Integration of bottom-up and top-down information for visual attention},
 +   booktitle = {4th AI*IA Congress, Workshop on Perception and Robotics, Parma, Italy},
 +   year = {1994},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   month = {September}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​MPW1992,​
 +   author = {Ruggero Milanese and Thierry Pun and Harry Wechsler},
 +   title = {A bottom-up attention system for active vision},
 +   booktitle = {Second Workshop on Perception, AI*IA (Associazione Italiana per l'​Intelligenza
 + Artificiale),​ Trieste},
 +   year = {1992},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   month = {October}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​MSP1996,​
 +   author = {Ruggero Milanese and David McG. Squire and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Correspondence Analysis and Hierarchical Indexing For Content-Based
 + Image Retrieval},
 +   booktitle = {IEEE International Conference on Image Processing},​
 +   year = {1996},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   editor = {P. Delogne},
 +   volume = {3},
 +   pages = {859--862},
 +   address = {Lausanne, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {September},​
 +   abstract = {This paper describes a two-stage statistical approach supporting content-based
 + search in image databases. The first stage performs correspondence
 + analysis, a factor analysis method transforming image attributes
 + into a reduced-size,​ uncorrelated factor space. The second stage
 + performs ascendant heirarchical classification,​ an iterative clustering
 + method which constructs a heirarchical index structure for the images
 + of the database. Experimental results supporting the applicability
 + of both techniques to data sets of heterogeneous images are reported.},
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​96/​MSP96_icip_paper.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​96/​MSP96_icip_paper.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​MWG1994,​
 +   author = {Ruggero Milanese and Harry Wechsler and Sylvia Gil and Jean-Marc
 + Bost and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Integration of bottom-up and top-down cues for visual attention using
 + non-linear relaxation},​
 +   booktitle = {IEEE - CVPR 94 (Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition),​ Seattle,
 + Washington},​
 +   year = {1994},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   pages = {781--785},
 +   month = {June},
 +   publisher = {IEEE Computer Society Press},
 +   url = { ftp://​cui.unige.ch/​PUBLIC/​vision/​papers/​milanese/​94.06.cvpr94.300dpi.ps.Z}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​MWG1994a,​
 +   author = {Ruggero Milanese and Harry Wechsler and Sylvia Gil and Jean-Marc
 + Bost and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Integration of bottom-up and top-down cues for visual attention using
 + non-linear relaxation},​
 +   institution = {International Computer Science Institute},
 +   year = {1994},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {TR-94-014},​
 +   address = {Berkeley, CA},
 +   month = {March},
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​94/​tr-94-014.ps.gz}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{Moenne-Loccoz2006,​
 +   author = {Nicolas Mo\"​enne-Loccoz and Bruno Janvier and St\'​ephane Marchand-Maillet
 + and Eric Bruno},
 +   title = {Handling Temporal Heterogeneous Data for Content-Based Management
 + of Large Video Collections},​
 +   journal = {Multimedia Tools and Applications},​
 +   year = {2006},
 +   volume = {31},
 +   pages = {309-325},
 +   owner = {beekhof},
 +   timestamp = {2007.10.09},​
 +   url = {http://​www.springerlink.com/​content/​b323103150v76742/​}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{moenne2005b,​
 +   author = {Nicolas Mo\"​enne-Loccoz and Bruno Janvier and St\'​ephane Marchand-Maillet
 + and Eric Bruno},
 +   title = {Handling Temporal Heterogeneous Data for Content-Based Management
 + of Large Video Collections},​
 +   journal = {Multimedia Tools and Applications},​
 +   year = {2005},
 +   note = {(to appear)},
 +   url = {http://​viper.unige.ch/​lib/​data/​paperNotOnline.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{nml_amr05,​
 +   author = {Nicolas Moenne-Loccoz and Eric Bruno and St{\'​e}phane Marchand Maillet},
 +   title = {Interactive Retrieval of Video Sequences from Local Feature Dynamics},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop on Adaptive Multimedia
 + Retrieval,​ AMR'​05},​
 +   year = {2005},
 +   address = {Glasgow, UK},
 +   month = {July}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{nml_icip05,​
 +   author = {Nicolas Moenne-Loccoz and Eric Bruno and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet},​
 +   title = {Interactive Partial Matching of Video Sequences in Large Collections},​
 +   booktitle = {IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP'​05)},​
 +   year = {2005},
 +   address = {Genova, Italy}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{moennePAA2005,​
 +   author = {Nicolas Moenne-Loccoz and {\'​E}ric Bruno and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet},​
 +   title = {Knowledge-based Detection of Events in Video Streams from Salient
 + Regions of Activities},​
 +   journal = {Pattern Analysis and Applications (PAA), special issue Video Event
 + Mining},
 +   year = {2005},
 +   note = {DOI: 10.1007/​s10044-004-0235-0},​
 +   url = {http://​www.springerlink.com/​app/​home/​contribution.asp?​wasp=ca2c7ba28940434893bb7ff52333bc1f\&​referrer=parent\&​backto=issue,​1,​9;​journal,​1,​23;​linkingpublicationresults,​1:​103609,​1}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Mon1993,​
 +   vgclass = {diploma},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   author = {Daniel Monteiro},
 +   title = {Etude, sp\'​ecification et implantation sur machine r\'​epartie d'un
 + syst\`eme modulaire de vision},
 +   howpublished = {Diploma thesis, University of Geneva},
 +   month = {November},
 +   year = {1993},
 +   note = {(travail r\'​ealis\'​e avec le groupe Parall\'​elisme)}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{Moustakas:​SIMILAR2006:​MTIIVIDMP,​
 +   author = {Konstantinos Moustakas and Georgios Nikolakis and Dimitrios Tzovaras
 + and Beno\^{i}t Deville and Guido Bologna and Ioannis Marras and Jakov
 + Pavlek},
 +   title = {Multimodal tools and interfaces for the intercommunication between
 + visually impaired and "deaf and mute" people},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the eNTERFACE 2006 Workshop},
 +   year = {2006},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {seecolor},
 +   address = {Dubrovnik, Croatia},
 +   month = {july--August}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​Oct0304,​
 +   author = {Nicolas Mo{\"​e}nne-Loccoz},​
 +   title = {Characterizing activity in video shots based on salient points},
 +   institution = {Computer Vision and Multimedia Laboratory, Computing Centre, University
 + of Geneva},
 +   year = {2003},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   number = {03.04},
 +   address = {rue General Dufour, 24, CH-1211, Geneva, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {October}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{moennen:​2005:​ICIP,​
 +   author = {Nicolas Mo{\"​e}nne-Loccoz and Eric Bruno and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet},​
 +   title = {Interactive Partial Matching of Video Sequences in Large Collections},​
 +   booktitle = {{IEEE} International Conference on Image Processing},​
 +   year = {2005},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   address = {Genova, Italy},
 +   month = {11-14 September},
 +   note = {accepted}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​MoenneLoccoz04video,​
 +   author = {Nicolas Mo{\"​e}nne-Loccoz and {\'​E}ric Bruno and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet},​
 +   title = {Video Content Representation as Salient Regions of Activity},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the International Conference on Image and Video Retrieval},
 +   year = {2004},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   address = {Dublin, Ireland}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​MoenneLoccoz04managing,​
 +   author = {Nicolas Mo{\"​e}nne-Loccoz and Bruno Janvier and {\'​E}ric Bruno and
 + St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet},​
 +   title = {Managing Video at Large},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the ACM SIGMOD Workshop on Computer Vision meets Databases},
 +   year = {2004},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   address = {Paris, France}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​MoenneLoccoz04integrating,​
 +   author = {Nicolas Mo{\"​e}nne-Loccoz and Bruno Janvier and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet
 + and {\'​E}ric Bruno},
 +   title = {An Integrating Framework for the Management of Video Collections},​
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the 2004 First Workshop on Machine Learning and Multimodal
 + Interaction,​ {MLMI'​04}},​
 +   year = {2004},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science 3361},
 +   address = {Martigny, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {June},
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2004/​moennen.mlmi04.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​Muller04benchmarking,​
 +   author = {Henning Muller and Antoine Geissbuhler and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet
 + and Paul Clough},
 +   title = {Benchmarking Image Retrieval Applications},​
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the 7th Internatinoal Conference on VISual Information
 + Systems {(VIS'​2004)}},​
 +   year = {2004},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   address = {San Francisco, USA}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Mue2002,​
 +   vgclass = {otherjournals},​
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   author = {Henning M{\"​u}ller},​
 +   title = {{J}\"​ager des verlorenen {F}otos - {D}as {GNU} {I}mage {F}inding
 + {T}ool in der {P}raxis},
 +   howpublished = {ct Magazin {f\"​ur} Computertechnik,​ Volume 6, pp. 252--257},
 +   year = {2002},
 +   pages = {252--257}
 + }
 + @PHDTHESIS{VG:​MulH2002,​
 +   author = {Henning M{\"​u}ller},​
 +   title = {User interaction and evaluation in content-based visual information
 + retrieval},​
 +   school = {Computer Vision and Multimedia Laboratory, University of Geneva},
 +   year = {2002},
 +   address = {Geneva, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {June},
 +   vgproject = {viper}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Mue2001,​
 +   vgclass = {otherjournals},​
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   author = {Henning M{\"​u}ller},​
 +   title = {{S}uchen ohne {W}orte -- wie inhaltsbasierte {S}uche funktioniert},​
 +   howpublished = {ct Magazin {f\"​ur} Computertechnik,​ Volume 15, pp.162--172},​
 +   year = {2001},
 +   pages = {162--172}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​MMP2002,​
 +   author = {Henning M{\"​u}ller and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet and Thierry
 + Pun},
 +   title = {The Truth About {C}orel -- Evaluation in Image Retrieval},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of The Challenge of Image and Video Retrieval {(CIVR2002)}},​
 +   year = {2002},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   address = {London, UK},
 +   month = {July},
 +   note = {(to appear)}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​MMM2000b,​
 +   author = {Henning M{\"​u}ller and Wolfgang M{\"​u}ller and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet
 + and David McG. Squire},
 +   title = {Strategies for positive and negative relevance feedback in image
 + retrieval},​
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the International Conference on Pattern Recognition
 + (ICPR'​2000)},​
 +   year = {2000},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   editor = {A. Sanfeliu and J.J. Villanueva and M. Vanrell and R. Alquezar and
 + J.-O. Eklundh and Y. Aloimonos},
 +   volume = {1},
 +   series = {Computer Vision and Image Analysis},
 +   pages = {1043-1046},​
 +   address = {Barcelona, Spain},
 +   month = {sep 3--8},
 +   abstract = {Relevance feedback has been shown to be a very effective tool for
 + enhancing retrieval results in text retrieval. In content-based image
 + retrieval it is more and more frequently used and very good results
 + have been obtained. However, too much negative feedback may destroy
 + a query as good features get negative weightings. This paper compares
 + a variety of strategies for positive and negative feedback. The performance
 + evaluation of feedback algorithms is a hard problem. To solve this,
 + we obtain judgments from several users and employ an automated feedback
 + scheme. We can then evaluate different techniques using the same
 + judgments. Using automated feedback, the ability of a system to adapt
 + to the user s needs can be measured very effectively. Our study highlights
 + the utility of negative feedback, especially over several feedback
 + steps.},
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2000/​MullerHMuellerWMarchandPunSquire_icpr2000.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2000/​MullerHMuellerWMarchandPunSquire_icpr2000.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​IJMTA03,​
 +   author = {Henning M{\"​u}ller and Wolfgang M{\"​u}ller and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet
 + and David McG. Squire and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {A framework for benchmarking in visual information retrieval},
 +   booktitle = {Int. Journal on Multimedia Tools and Applications (Kluwer), Special
 + Issue on Multimedia Information Retrieval},
 +   year = {2003},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   volume = {21},
 +   number = {2},
 +   pages = {55-73},
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2003/​},​
 +   url1 = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2003/​}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{VG:​MMM2002,​
 +   author = {Henning M{\"​u}ller and Wolfgang M{\"​u}ller and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet
 + and David McG. Squire and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {A Framework for Benchmarking in Visual Information Retrieval},
 +   journal = {International Journal on Multimedia Tools and Applications},​
 +   year = {2002},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   note = {(Special Issue on Multimedia Information Retrieval) - to appear}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​MMM2001,​
 +   author = {Henning M{\"​u}ller and Wolfgang M{\"​u}ller and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet
 + and David McG. Squire and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Automated benchmarking in content-based image retrieval},
 +   institution = {University of Geneva},
 +   year = {2001},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   number = {01.01},
 +   month = {May},
 +   abstract = {Benchmarking has always been a crucial problem in content-based image
 + retrieval (CBIR). A key issue is the lack of a common access method
 + to retrieval systems, such as SQL for relational databases. The Multimedia
 + Retrieval Mark-up Language (MRML) solves this problem by standardizing
 + access to CBIR systems (CBIRSs). Other difficult problems are also
 + shortly addressed, such as obtaining relevance judgments and choosing
 + a database for performance comparison. In this article we present
 + a fully automated benchmark for CBIRSs based on MRML, which can be
 + adapted to any image database and almost any kind of relevance judgment.
 + The test evaluates the performance of positive and negative relevance
 + feedback, which can be generated automatically from the relevance
 + judgments. To illustrate our purpose, a freely available, non-copyright
 + image collection is used to evaluate our CBIRS, \emph{Viper}. All
 + scripts described here are also freely available for download.},
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2001/​MuellerHMuellerWMarchandSquirePun_tr01.pdf},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2001/​MuellerHMuellerWMarchandSquirePun_tr01.ps.gz}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​MMMSP2001,​
 +   author = {Henning M{\"​u}ller and Wolfgang M{\"​u}ller and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet
 + and David McG. Squire and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {A Web-Based Evaluation System for Content-Based Image Retrieval},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the {ACM} Multimedia Workshop on Multimedia Information
 + Retrieval {(ACM} {MIR} 2001)},
 +   year = {2001},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   pages = {50--54},
 +   address = {Ottawa, Canada}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​MMS2000e,​
 +   author = {Henning M{\"​u}ller and Wolfgang M{\"​u}ller and David McG. Squire
 + and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Learning features weights from user behavior in Content-Based Image
 + Retrieval},​
 +   booktitle = {ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data
 + Mining (Workshop on Multimedia Data Mining MDM/​KDD2000)},​
 +   year = {2000},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   editor = {S.J. Simoff and O.R. Zaiane},
 +   address = {Boston, MA, USA},
 +   month = {aug 20-23},
 +   abstract = {This article describes an algorithm for obtaining knowledge about
 + the importance of features from analyzing user log files of a content-based
 + image retrieval system (CBIRS). The user log files from the usage
 + of the \emph{Viper} web demonstration system a re analyzed over a
 + period of four months. Within this period about 3500 accesses to
 + the system were made w ith almost 800 multiple image queries. All
 + the actions of the users were logged in a file. The analysis only
 + includes multiple image queries of the system with positive and/or
 + negative input images, because only multiple image q ueries contain
 + enough information for the method described. Features frequently
 + present in images marked together positively in the same que ry step
 + get a higher weighting, whereas features present in one image marked
 + positively and an other image marked negatively in the same step
 + get a lower weighting. The \emph{Viper} system offers a very large
 + number of simple features. This allows the creation of flexible feature
 + weightings with high values for importan t and low values for less
 + important features. These weightings for features can of course differ
 + between collections and as well between users. The results are evaluated
 + with an experiment using the relevance judgments of re al users on
 + a database containing 2500 images. The results of the system with
 + learned weights are compared to the system withou t the learned feature
 + weights.},​
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2000/​MuellerHMuellerWSquireMarchandPun_mdmkdd2000.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2000/​MuellerHMuellerWSquireMarchandPun_mdmkdd2000.pdf}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{VG:​MMS2001,​
 +   author = {Henning M{\"​u}ller and Wolfgang M{\"​u}ller and David McG. Squire
 + and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Performance Evaluation in Content-Based Image Retrieval: Overview
 + and Proposals},
 +   journal = {Pattern Recognition Letters (Special Issue on Image and Video Indexing)},
 +   year = {2001},
 +   volume = {22},
 +   pages = {593--601},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   number = {5},
 +   note = {H. Bunke and X. Jiang Eds.},
 +   abstract = {Evaluation of retrieval performance is a crucial problem in content-based
 + image retrieval (CBIR). Many different methods for measuring the
 + performance of a system have been created and used by researchers.
 + This article discusses the advantages and shortcomings of the performance
 + measures currently used. Problems such as defining a common image
 + database for performance comparisons and a means of getting relevance
 + judgments (or ground truth) for queries are explained. The relationship
 + between CBIR and information retrieval (IR) is made clear, since
 + IR researchers have decades of experience with the evaluation problem.
 + Many of their solutions can be used for CBIR, despite the differences
 + between the fields. Several methods used in text retrieval are explained.
 + Proposals for performance measures and means of developing a standard
 + test suite for CBIR, similar to that used in IR at the annual Text
 + REtrieval Conference (TREC), are presented. (c) Copyright 2001, Elsevier
 + Science, All rights reserved.},
 +   url = {http://​www.elsevier.nl/​gej-ng/​10/​35/​61/​49/​29/​36/​abstract.html}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​MMS2001a,​
 +   author = {Henning M{\"​u}ller and Wolfgang M{\"​u}ller and David McG. Squire
 + and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Automated Benchmarking in Content-based Image Retrieval},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the 2001 IEEE International Conference on Multimedia
 + and Expo (ICME2001)},​
 +   year = {2001},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   address = {Tokyo, Japan},
 +   month = {August},
 +   abstract = {Benchmarking has always been a crucial problem in content-based image
 + retrieval (CBIR). A key issue is the lack of a common access method
 + to retrieval systems, such as SQL for relational databases. The Multimedia
 + Retrieval Mark-up Language (MRML) solves this problem by standardizing
 + access to CBIR systems (CBIRSs). Other difficult problems are also
 + shortly addressed, such as obtaining relevance judgments and choosing
 + a database for performance comparison. In this article we present
 + a fully automated benchmark for CBIRSs based on MRML, which can be
 + adapted to any image database and almost any kind of relevance judgment.
 + The test evaluates theperformance of positive and negative relevance
 + feedback, which can be generated automatically from the relevance
 + judgments. To illustrate our purpose, a freely available, non-copyright
 + image collection is used to evaluate our CBIRS, Viper. All scripts
 + described here are also freely available for download.},
 +   url = {http://​www.giti.waseda.ac.jp/​ICME2001/​}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​MMS2000,​
 +   author = {Henning M{\"​u}ller and Wolfgang M{\"​u}ller and David McG. Squire
 + and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Strategies for positive and negative relevance feedback in image
 + retrieval},​
 +   institution = {Computer Vision Group, Computing Centre, University of Geneva},
 +   year = {2000},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   number = {00.01},
 +   address = {rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211 Gen\`eve, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {jan},
 +   abstract = {Relevance feedback has been shown to be a very effective tool for
 + enhancing retrieval results in text retrieval. In content-based image
 + retrieval it is more and more frequently used and very good results
 + have been obtained. However, too much negative feedback may destroy
 + a query as good features get negative weightings. This paper compares
 + a variety of strategies for positive and negative feedback. The performance
 + evaluation of feedback algorithms is a hard problem. To solve this,
 + we obtain judgments from several users and employ an automated feedback
 + scheme. We can then evaluate different techniques using the same
 + judgments. Using automated feedback, the ability of a system to adapt
 + to the user's needs can be measured very effectively. Our study highlights
 + the utility of negative feedback, especially over several feedback
 + steps.},
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2000/​VGTR00.01_HMuellerWMuellerSquireMarchandPun.ps},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2000/​VGTR00.01_HMuellerWMuellerSquireMarchandPun.pdf}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​MMS2000b,​
 +   author = {Henning M{\"​u}ller and Wolfgang M{\"​u}ller and David McG. Squire
 + and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Long-Term Learning from User Behavior in Content-Based Image Retrieval},
 +   institution = {Computer Vision Group, Computing Centre, University of Geneva},
 +   year = {2000},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   number = {00.04},
 +   address = {rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211 Gen\`eve, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {mar},
 +   abstract = {This article describes a simple algorithm for obtaining knowledge
 + about the importance of features from analyzing user log files of
 + a content-based image retrieval system (CBIRS). The user log files
 + of the usage of the Viper web demonstration system are analyzed over
 + a period of four months. In this time about 3500 accesses to the
 + system were made with 800 multiple image queries. The analysis only
 + takes into account multiple image queries of the system with positive
 + or negative input images, because only these queries contain enough
 + information for the method described in the paper. Features frequently
 + present in images marked together positively in the same query step
 + get a higher weighting whereas features present in an image marked
 + positively and another image marked negatively in the same step get
 + a lower weighting. The Viper system offers a very large number of
 + simple features which allows the creation of feature weightings with
 + high values for important and low values for less important features.
 + These weightings for features can of course differ for several collections
 + and as well for several users. The results are evaluated using the
 + relevance judgments of real users and compared to the system without
 + the long-term learning.},
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2000/​VGTR00.04_MuellerHMuellerWSquireMarchandPun.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2000/​VGTR00.04_MuellerHMuellerWSquireMarchandPun.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​MMS2000f,​
 +   author = {Henning M{\"​u}ller and Wolfgang M{\"​u}ller and David McG. Squire
 + and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Lernen von Merkmalsgewichtungen beim inhaltsbasierten Suchen in grossen
 + Bilddatenbanken (Content-based image retrieval)},​
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the Fachwissenschaftlicher Informatik-Kongress},​
 +   year = {2000},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   pages = {304--307},
 +   address = {Bad Schussenried,​ Germany},
 +   month = {oct},
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2000/​MuellerHMuellerWSquireMarchandPun_fik2000.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2000/​MuellerHMuellerWSquireMarchandPun_fik2000.pdf}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​MMS2000a,​
 +   author = {Henning M{\"​u}ller and Wolfgang M{\"​u}ller and David McG. Squire
 + and Zoran Pe\u{c}enovi\'​{c} and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet and
 + Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {An Open Framework for Distributed Multimedia Retrieval},
 +   institution = {Computer Vision Group, Computing Centre, University of Geneva},
 +   year = {2000},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   number = {00.03},
 +   address = {rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211 Gen\`eve, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {mar},
 +   abstract = {This article describes a framework for distributed multimedia retrieval
 + which permits the connection of compliant user interfaces with a
 + variety of multimedia retrieval engines via an open communication
 + protocol, MRML (Multi Media Retrieval Markup Language). It allows
 + the choice of image collection, feature set and query algorithm during
 + run--time,​ permitting multiple users to query a system adapted to
 + their needs, using the query paradigm adapted to their problem such
 + as query by example (QBE), browsing queries, or query by annotation.
 + User interaction is implemented over several levels and in diverse
 + ways. Relevance feedback is implemented using positive and negative
 + example images that can be used for a best--match QBE query. In contrast,
 + browsing methods try to ap proach the searched image by giving overviews
 + of the entire collection and by successive refinements. In addition
 + to these query methods, Long term off line learning is implemented.
 + It allows feature preferences per user, user domain or over all users
 + to be learned automatically. We present the Viper multimedia retrieval
 + system as the core of the framework and an example of an MRML-compliant
 + search engine. Viper uses techniques adapted from traditional information
 + retrieval (IR) to retrieve multimedia documents, thus benefiting
 + from the many years of IR research. As a result, textual and visual
 + features are treated in the same way, facilitating true multimedia
 + retrieval. The MRML protocol also allows other applications to make
 + use of the search engi nes. This can for example be used for the
 + design of a benchmark test suite, querying several search engines
 + in the same way and comparing the results. This is motivated by the
 + fact that the content--based image retrieval community really lacks
 + such a benchmark as it already exists in text retrieval.},​
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2000/​VGTR00.03_MuellerHMuellerWSquirePecenovicMarchandPun.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2000/​VGTR00.03_MuellerHMuellerWSquirePecenovicMarchandPun.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​MMS2000c,​
 +   author = {Henning M{\"​u}ller and Wolfgang M{\"​u}ller and David McG. Squire
 + and Zoran Pe\u{c}enovi\'​{c} and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet and
 + Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {An Open Framework for Distributed Multimedia Retrieval},
 +   booktitle = {Recherche d'​Informations Assist\'​ee par Ordinateur (RIAO'​2000) Computer-Assisted
 + Information Retrieval},
 +   year = {2000},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   volume = {1},
 +   pages = {701--712.},​
 +   address = {Paris, France},
 +   month = {apr 12-14},
 +   abstract = {This article describes a framework for distributed multimedia retrieval
 + which permits the connection of compliant user interfaces with a
 + variety of multimedia retrieval engines via an open communication
 + protocol, MRML (Multi Media Retrieval Markup Language). It allows
 + the choice of image collection, feature set and query algorithm during
 + run--time,​ permitting multiple users to query a system adapted to
 + their needs, using the query paradigm adapted to their problem such
 + as query by example (QBE), browsing queries, or query by annotation.
 + User interaction is implemented over several levels and in diverse
 + ways. Relevance feedback is implemented using positive and negative
 + example images that can be used for a best--match QBE query. In contrast,
 + browsing methods try to approach the searched image by giving overviews
 + of the entire collection and by successive refinement. In addition
 + to these query methods, Long term off line learning is implemented.
 + It allows feature preferences per user, user domain or over all users
 + to be learned automatically. We present the Viper multimedia retrieval
 + system as the core of the framework and an example of an MRML-compliant
 + search engine. Viper uses techniques adapted from traditional information
 + retrieval (IR) to retrieve multimedia documents, thus benefiting
 + from the many years of IR research. As a result, textual and visual
 + features are treated in the same way, facilitating true multimedia
 + retrieval. The MRML protocol also allows other applications to make
 + use of the search engnes. This can for example be used for the design
 + of a benchmark test suite, querying several search engines in the
 + same way and comparing the results. This is motivated by the fact
 + that the content--based image retrieval community really lacks such
 + a benchmark as it already exists in text retrieval.},​
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2000/​MullerHMullerWSquirePecenovicMarchandPun_riao.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2000/​MullerHMullerWSquirePecenovicMarchandPun_riao.pdf}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​MMS1999,​
 +   author = {Henning M{\"​u}ller and Wolfgang M{\"​u}ller and David McG. Squire
 + and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Performance Evaluation in Content-Based Image Retrieval: Overview
 + and Proposals},
 +   institution = {Computer Vision Group, Computing Centre, University of Geneva},
 +   year = {1999},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   number = {99.05},
 +   address = {rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211 Gen\`eve, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {dec},
 +   abstract = {Evaluation of retrieval performance is a crucial problem in content-based
 + image retrieval (CBIR). Many different methods for measuring the
 + performance of a system have been created and used by researchers.
 + This article discusses the advantages and shortcomings of the performance
 + measures currently used. Problems such as a common image database
 + for performance comparisons and a means of getting relevance judgments
 + (or ground truth) for queries are explained. The relationship between
 + CBIR and information retrieval (IR) is made clear, since IR researchers
 + have decades of experience with the evaluation problem. Many of their
 + solutions can be used for CBIR, despite the differences between the
 + fields. Several methods used in text retrieval are explained. Proposals
 + for performance measures and means of developing a standard test
 + suite for CBIR, similar to that used in IR at the annual Text REtrieval
 + Conference (TREC), are presented.},​
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​99/​VGTR99.05_HMuellerWMuellerSquirePun.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​99/​VGTR99.05_HMuellerWMuellerSquirePun.pdf}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​MSM1999,​
 +   author = {Henning M{\"​u}ller and David McG. Squire and Wolfgang M{\"​u}ller
 + and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Efficient access methods for content-based image retrieval with inverted
 + files},
 +   institution = {Computer Vision Group, Computing Centre, University of Geneva},
 +   year = {1999},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   number = {99.02},
 +   address = {rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211 Gen\`eve, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {July},
 +   abstract = {As human factor studies over the last thirty years have shown, response
 + time is a very important factor for the usability of an interactive
 + system, especially on the world wide web. In particular, response
 + times of under one second are often specified as a usability requirement
 + \cite{Nie97}. This paper compares several methods for improving the
 + evaluation time in a content-based image retrieval system (CBIRS)
 + which uses inverted file technology. The use of the inverted file
 + technology facilitates search pruning in a variety of ways, as is
 + shown in this paper. For large databases ($> 2000$ images) and a
 + high number of possible features ($> 80000$), efficient and fast
 + access is necessary to allow interactive querying and browsing. Parallel
 + access to the inverted file can reduce the response time. This parallel
 + access is very easy to implement with little communication overhead,
 + and thus scales well. Other search pruning methods, similar to methods
 + used in information retrieval, can also reduce the response time
 + significantly without reducing the performance of the system. The
 + performance of the system is evaluated using precision vs. recall
 + graphs, which are an established evaluation method in information
 + retrieval. A user survey was carried out in order to obtain relevance
 + judgments for the queries reported in this work.},
 +   keywords = {inverted file, content-based image retrieval, efficient access, search
 + pruning, speed evaluation},​
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​99/​VGTR99.02_MuellerSquireMuellerPun.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​99/​VGTR99.02_MuellerSquireMuellerPun.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​MSM1999c,​
 +   author = {Henning M{\"​u}ller and David McG. Squire and Wolfgang M{\"​u}ller
 + and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Efficient access methods for content-based image retrieval with inverted
 + files},
 +   booktitle = {Multimedia Storage and Archiving Systems IV (VV02)},
 +   year = {1999},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   volume = {3846},
 +   series = {SPIE Proceedings},​
 +   address = {Boston, Massachusetts,​ USA},
 +   month = {20--22~September},​
 +   note = {(SPIE Symposium on Voice, Video and Data Communications)},​
 +   abstract = {As human factor studies over the last thirty years have shown, response
 + time is a very important factor for the usability of an interactive
 + system, especially on the world wide web. In particular, response
 + times of under one second are often specified as a usability requirement
 + \cite{Nie97}. This paper compares several methods for improving the
 + evaluation time in a content-based image retrieval system (CBIRS)
 + which uses inverted file technology. The use of the inverted file
 + technology facilitates search pruning in a variety of ways, as is
 + shown in this paper. For large databases ($> 2000$ images) and a
 + high number of possible features ($> 80000$), efficient and fast
 + access is necessary to allow interactive querying and browsing. Parallel
 + access to the inverted file can reduce the response time. This parallel
 + access is very easy to implement with little communication overhead,
 + and thus scales well. Other search pruning methods, similar to methods
 + used in information retrieval, can also reduce the response time
 + significantly without reducing the performance of the system. The
 + performance of the system is evaluated using precision vs. recall
 + graphs, which are an established evaluation method in information
 + retrieval. A user survey was carried out in order to obtain relevance
 + judgments for the queries reported in this work.},
 +   keywords = {inverted file, content-based image retrieval, efficient access, search
 + pruning, speed evaluation},​
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​99/​MuellerHSquireMuellerWPun_msasIV.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​99/​MuellerHSquireMuellerWPun_msasIV.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​MSM1999d,​
 +   author = {Henning M{\"​u}ller and David McG. Squire and Wolfgang M{\"​u}ller
 + and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Content-based image retrieval, bildinhaltsbasiertes Suchen in gro{\ss}en
 + Bilddatenbanken},​
 +   booktitle = {Informatiktage 99},
 +   year = {1999},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   address = {Bad Schussenried,​ Germany},
 +   month = {12--13~November},​
 +   abstract = {Dieser Artikel beschreibt einen neuen Ansatz im Bereich des content-based
 + image retrieval (CBIR), dem bildinhaltsbasierten Suchen in Bilddatenbanken
 + in der Regel ohne Annotationen. Gegen\"​uber den herk\"​ommlichen meist
 + vektorbasierten Verfahren werden hier Methoden des Text oder Information
 + Retrieval (IR) an die speziellen Bed\"​urfnisse des Empfangs von Bildern
 + angepasst. Benutzerexperimente belegen die Leistungsf\"​ahigkeit und
 + Flexibilit\"​at des Verfahrens.},​
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​99/​MuellerHSquireMuellerWPun_it99.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​99/​MuellerHSquireMuellerWPun_it99.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​IJCV03,​
 +   author = {Henning M{\"​u}ller and David McG. Squire and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Learning from user behavior in image retrieval: application of the
 + market basket analysis},
 +   booktitle = {Int. J. of Comp. Vision, Special Issue on Content-Based Image Retrieval,
 + to appear},
 +   year = {2003},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper}
 + }
 + @PHDTHESIS{VG:​Mul2001,​
 +   author = {Wolfgang M{\"​u}ller},​
 +   title = {Design and implementation of a flexible Content--Based Image Retrieval
 + Framework - The GNU Image Finding Tool},
 +   school = {Computer Vision and Multimedia Laboratory, University of Geneva},
 +   year = {2001},
 +   address = {Geneva, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {September},​
 +   vgproject = {viper}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​MMM2000c,​
 +   author = {Wolfgang M{\"​u}ller and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet and Henning
 + M{\"​u}ller and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Towards a fair benchmark for image browsers},
 +   booktitle = {SPIE Photonics East, Voice, Video, and Data Communications},​
 +   year = {2000},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   address = {Boston, MA, USA},
 +   month = {nov 5--8},
 +   abstract = {The recent literature has shown that the principal difficulty in multimedia
 + retrieval is the bridging of the "​semantic gap" between the user's
 + wishes and his ability to fomulate queries. This insight has spawned
 + two main directions of research: Query By Example (QBE) with relevance
 + feedback (i.e. learning to improve the result of a previsously formulated
 + query) and the research in query formulation techniques, like browsing
 + or query by sketch. Browsing techniques try to help the user in finding
 + his target image, or an image which is sufficiently close to the
 + desired result that it can be used in a subsequent QBE query. From
 + the feature space viewpoint, each browsing system tries to permit
 + the user to move consciously in feature space and eventually reach
 + the target image. How to provide this functionality to the user is
 + presently an open question. In fact even obtaining objective performance
 + evaluation and comparison of these browsing paradigms is difficult.
 + We distinguish here between deterministic browsers, which try to
 + optimise the possibility for the user to learn how the system behaves,
 + and stochastic browsers based on more sophisticated Monte-Carlo algorithms
 + thus sacrificing reproducibility to a better performance. Presently,
 + these two browsing paradigms are practically incomparable,​ except
 + by large scale user studies. This makes it infeasible for research
 + groups to evaluate incremental improvement of browsing schemes. Moreover,
 + automated benchmarks in the current literature simulate a user by
 + a model derived directly from the distance measures used within the
 + tested systems. Such a circular reference cannot provide a serious
 + alternative to real user tests. In this paper, we present an automatic
 + benchmark which uses user-annotated collections for simulating the
 + semantic gap, thus providing a means for automatic evaluation and
 + comparison of the different browsing paradigms. We use a very precise
 + annotation of few words together with a thesaurus to provide sufficiently
 + smooth behaviour of the annotation-based user model. We discuss the
 + design and evaluation of this annotation as well as the implementation
 + of the benchmark in an MRML-compliant script with pluggable modules
 + which allow testing of new interaction schemes (see http://​www.mrml.net).},​
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2000/​MuellerWMarchandMuellerHPun_spie2000.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2000/​MuellerWMarchandMuellerHPun_spie2000.pdf}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{VG:​MMMSP2001a,​
 +   author = {Wolfgang M{\"​u}ller and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet and Henning
 + M{\"​u}ller and David McG. Squire and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Evaluating Image Browsers Using Structured Annotation},​
 +   journal = {Journal of American for Information Science and Technology (JASIST)},
 +   year = {2001},
 +   volume = {52},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   number = {11}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​MMM2000,​
 +   author = {Wolfgang M{\"​u}ller and Henning M{\"​u}ller and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet
 + and Thierry Pun and David McG. Squire and Zoran Pe\u{c}enovi\'​{c}
 + and Christoph Giess and Arjen P. de Vries},
 +   title = {{MRML}: A Communication Protocol for Content-Based Image Retrieval},
 +   institution = {Computer Vision Group, Computing Centre, University of Geneva},
 +   year = {2000},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   number = {00.02},
 +   address = {rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211 Gen\`eve, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {mar},
 +   abstract = {In this paper we introduce and describe the Multimedia Retrieval Markup
 + Language (MRML). This XML-based markup language is the basis for
 + an open communication protocol for content-based image retrieval
 + systems (CBIRSs). MRML was initially designed as a means of separating
 + CBIR engines from their user interfaces. It is, however, also extensible
 + as the basis for standardized performance evaluation procedures.
 + Such a tool is essential for the formulation and implementation of
 + common benchmarks for CBIR. A common protocol can also bring new
 + dynamics to the CBIR field---it makes the development of new systems
 + faster and more efficient, and opens the door of the CBIR research
 + field to other disciplines such as Human-Computer Interaction. The
 + MRML specifications,​ as well as the first MRML-compliant applications,​
 + are freely available and are introduced in this paper.},
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2000/​VGTR00.02_MuellerWMuellerHMarchandPunSquireGiessVries.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2000/​VGTR00.02_MuellerWMuellerHMarchandPunSquireGiessVries.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​MMM2000a,​
 +   author = {Wolfgang M{\"​u}ller and Henning M{\"​u}ller and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet
 + and Thierry Pun and David McG. Squire and Zoran Pe\u{c}enovi\'​{c}
 + and Christoph Giess and Arjen P. de Vries},
 +   title = {{MRML}: A Communication Protocol for Content-Based Image Retrieval},
 +   booktitle = {International Conference on Visual Information Systems (Visual 2000)},
 +   year = {2000},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   address = {Lyon, France},
 +   month = {nov 2--4},
 +   abstract = {In this paper we introduce and describe the Multimedia Retrieval Markup
 + Language (MRML). This XML-based markup language is the basis for
 + an open communication protocol for content-based image retrieval
 + systems (CBIRSs). MRML was initially designed as a means of separating
 + CBIR engines from their user interfaces. It is, however, also extensible
 + as the basis for standardised performance evaluation procedures.
 + Such a tool is essential for the formulation and implementation of
 + common benchmarks for CBIR. A common protocol can also bring new
 + dynamics to the CBIR field --- it makes the development of new systems
 + faster and more efficient, and opens the door of the CBIR research
 + field to other disciplines such as Human-Computer Interaction. The
 + MRML specifications,​ as well as the first MRML-compliant applications,​
 + are freely available and are introduced in this paper.},
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2000/​MuellerWMuellerHMarchandPunSquireGiessVries_visual2000.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2000/​MuellerWMuellerHMarchandPunSquireGiessVries_visual2000.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​MMM2000d,​
 +   author = {Wolfgang M{\"​u}ller and Henning M{\"​u}ller and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet
 + and Thierry Pun and David McG. Squire and Zoran Pecenovic and Christof
 + Giess and Arjen P. de Vries},
 +   title = {MRML: A communication protocol for content-based multimedia retrieval},
 +   booktitle = {Proposal, ISO/IEC JTC1/​SC29/​WG11,​ MPEG00/​M6099,​ Int. Organiz. for
 + Standardization,​ Coding of Moving Pictures and Associated Audio},
 +   year = {2000},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   address = {Geneva},
 +   month = {May 30 - June 2}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​MPV1999,​
 +   author = {Wolfgang M{\"​u}ller and Zoran Pe\u{c}enovi\'​{c} and Arjen P. de Vries
 + and David McG. Squire and Henning M{\"​u}ller and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {{MRML}: Towards an extensible standard for multimedia querying and
 + benchmarking (Draft Proposal)},
 +   institution = {Computer Vision Group, Computing Centre, University of Geneva},
 +   year = {1999},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   number = {99.04},
 +   address = {rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211 Gen\`eve, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {October},
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​99/​VGTR99.04_WMuellerPecenovicdeVriesSquireHMuellerPun.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​99/​VGTR99.04_WMuellerPecenovicdeVriesSquireHMuellerPun.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​MPM2000,​
 +   author = {Wolfgang M{\"​u}ller and Zoran Pecenovic and Henning M{\"​u}ller and
 + St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet and Thierry Pun and David McG. Squire
 + and Arjen P. De Vries and Christoph Giess},
 +   title = {MRML: An Extensible Communication Protocol for Interoperability and
 + Benchmarking of Multimedia Information Retrieval Systems},
 +   booktitle = {SPIE Photonics East - Voice, Video, and Data Communications},​
 +   year = {2000},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   address = {Boston, MA, USA},
 +   month = {nov 5--8},
 +   abstract = {While in the area of relational databases interoperability is ensured
 + by common communication protocols (e.g. ODBC/JDBC using SQL), Content
 + Based Image Retrieval Systems (CBIRS) and other multimedia retrieval
 + systems are lacking both a common query language and a common communication
 + protocol. Besides its obvious short term convenience,​ interoperability
 + of systems is crucial for the exchange and analysis of user data.
 + In this paper, we present and describe an extensible XML-based query
 + markup language, called MRML (Multimedia Retrieval Markup Language).
 + MRML is primarily designed so as to ensure interoperability between
 + different content based multimedia retrieval systems. Further, MRML
 + allows researchers to preserve their freedom in extending their system
 + as needed. MRML encapsulates multimedia queries in a way that enables
 + multimedia (MM) query languages, MM content descriptions,​ MM query
 + engines, and MM user interfaces to grow independently from each other,
 + reaching a maximum of interoperability while ensuring a maximum of
 + freedom for the developer. For benefiting from this, only a few simple
 + design principles have to be respected when extending MRML for one's
 + private needs. The design of extensions within the MRML framework
 + will be described in detail in the paper. MRML has been implemented
 + and tested for the CBIRS Viper, using the user interface SnakeCharmer.
 + Both are under GNU Public License and can be downloaded at http://​viper.unige.ch/​download/​},​
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2000/​MuellerWPecenovicMuellerHMarchandPunSquireDeVriesGiess_spie2000.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2000/​MuellerWPecenovicMuellerHMarchandPunSquireDeVriesGiess_spie2000.pdf}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​MSM1999a,​
 +   author = {Wolfgang M{\"​u}ller and David McG. Squire and Henning M{\"​u}ller
 + and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Hunting moving targets: an extension to {B}ayesian methods in multimedia
 + databases},​
 +   institution = {Computer Vision Group, Computing Centre, University of Geneva},
 +   year = {1999},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   number = {99.03},
 +   address = {rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211 Gen\`eve, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {July},
 +   abstract = {It has been widely recognised that the difference between the level
 + of abstraction of the formulation of a query (by example) and that
 + of the desired result (usually an image with certain semantics) calls
 + for the use of learning methods that try to bridge this gap. Cox
 + \emph{et al.}~have proposed a Bayesian method to learn the user's
 + preferences during each query. Cox \emph{et al.}\'​s system, \texttt{PicHunter},​
 + is designed for optimal performance when the user is searching for
 + a fixed target image. The performance of the system was evaluated
 + using target testing, which ranks systems according to the number
 + of interaction steps required to find the target, leading to simple,
 + easily reproducible experiments. There are some aspects of image
 + retrieval,​ however, which are not captured by this measure. In particular,
 + the possibility of query drift (i.e.~a moving target) is completely
 + ignored. The algorithm proposed by Cox \emph{et al.}~does not cope
 + well with a change of target at a late query stage, because it is
 + assumed that user feedback is noisy, but consistent. In the case
 + of a moving target, however, the feedback is noisy \emph{and} inconsistent
 + with earlier feedback. In this paper we propose an enhanced Bayesian
 + scheme which selectively forgets inconsistent user feedback, thus
 + enabling both the program and the user to ``change their minds''​.
 + The effectiveness of this scheme is demonstrated in moving target
 + tests on a database of heterogeneous real-world images.},
 +   keywords = {relevance feedback, query drift, target testing, Bayesian methods,
 + user modelling},
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​99/​VGTR99.03_MuellerSquireMuellerPun.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​99/​VGTR99.03_MuellerSquireMuellerPun.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​MSM1999b,​
 +   author = {Wolfgang M{\"​u}ller and David McG. Squire and Henning M{\"​u}ller
 + and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Hunting moving targets: an extension to {B}ayesian methods in multimedia
 + databases},​
 +   booktitle = {Multimedia Storage and Archiving Systems IV (VV02)},
 +   year = {1999},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   volume = {3846},
 +   series = {SPIE Proceedings},​
 +   address = {Boston, Massachusetts,​ USA},
 +   month = {20--22~September},​
 +   note = {(SPIE Symposium on Voice, Video and Data Communications)},​
 +   abstract = {It has been widely recognised that the difference between the level
 + of abstraction of the formulation of a query (by example) and that
 + of the desired result (usually an image with certain semantics) calls
 + for the use of learning methods that try to bridge this gap. Cox
 + \emph{et al.}~have proposed a Bayesian method to learn the user's
 + preferences during each query. Cox \emph{et al.}\'​s system, \texttt{PicHunter},​
 + is designed for optimal performance when the user is searching for
 + a fixed target image. The performance of the system was evaluated
 + using target testing, which ranks systems according to the number
 + of interaction steps required to find the target, leading to simple,
 + easily reproducible experiments. There are some aspects of image
 + retrieval,​ however, which are not captured by this measure. In particular,
 + the possibility of query drift (i.e.~a moving target) is completely
 + ignored. The algorithm proposed by Cox \emph{et al.}~does not cope
 + well with a change of target at a late query stage, because it is
 + assumed that user feedback is noisy, but consistent. In the case
 + of a moving target, however, the feedback is noisy \emph{and} inconsistent
 + with earlier feedback. In this paper we propose an enhanced Bayesian
 + scheme which selectively forgets inconsistent user feedback, thus
 + enabling both the program and the user to ``change their minds''​.
 + The effectiveness of this scheme is demonstrated in moving target
 + tests on a database of heterogeneous real-world images.},
 +   keywords = {relevance feedback, query drift, target testing, Bayesian methods,
 + user modelling},
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​99/​MuellerWSquireMuellerHPun_msasIV.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​99/​MuellerWSquireMuellerHPun_msasIV.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​CBMI03c,​
 +   author = {Henning M{\"​}uller and Antoine Geissbuhler and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet},​
 +   title = {Extension to the Multimedia Retrieval Markup Language: A communication
 + protocol for content-based image retrieval},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop on Content-Based Multimedia
 + Indexing, CBMI'​03},​
 +   year = {2003},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   address = {Rennes, France},
 +   month = {September}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​Nar1990,​
 +   author = {Philippe Narbel},
 +   title = {An analytical and critical review of shape-from-shading},​
 +   institution = {AI and Vision Group, Computing Centre, University of Geneva},
 +   year = {1990},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {90.04},
 +   address = {rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211 Gen\`eve, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {October}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​Nar1990a,​
 +   author = {Philippe Narbel},
 +   title = {Lo{G} zero-crossings and their limitations},​
 +   institution = {AI and Vision Group, Computing Centre, University of Geneva},
 +   year = {1990},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {90.05},
 +   address = {rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211 Gen\`eve, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {October}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Nar1988,​
 +   vgclass = {diploma},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   author = {Philippe Narbel},
 +   title = {Perception des formes: que faire de toutes ces lueurs, de toutes
 + ces ombres? {O}ui, qu'en faire? {L}a m\'​ethode du Shape-from-shading},​
 +   howpublished = {Diploma thesis, University of Geneva},
 +   month = {December},
 +   year = {1988}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​NaP19,​
 +   author = {Philippe Narbel and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Journey through scale-space},​
 +   institution = {AI and Vision Group, Computing Centre, University of Geneva},
 +   year = {1989},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {89.01},
 +   address = {rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211 Gen\`eve, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {October}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​NaP1989,​
 +   author = {Philippe Narbel and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Searching for resolution focusing: a journey through scale-spaces},​
 +   booktitle = {1st SGAICO Conference, Computer Vision Workshop, Yverdon-Les-Bains,​
 + Switzerland},​
 +   year = {1989},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   month = {October}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​Pallotta04towards,​
 +   author = {Vincenzo Pallotta and Afzal Ballim and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet
 + and Agnes Lisowska},
 +   title = {Towards Meeting Information Sytems: Meeting Knowledge Management},​
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the International Conference on Enterprise Information
 + Sytems {(ICEIS 04)}},
 +   year = {2004},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   address = {Porto, Portugal}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{Grave2003:​HBM2003:​DNIBCI,​
 +   author = {R. Grave de Peralta Menendez and S. Gonzalez Andino and J. Millan
 + and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Direct non-invasive brain computer interfaces},​
 +   booktitle = {Human Brain Mapping},
 +   year = {2003},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {bmi},
 +   address = {New York, USA},
 +   month = {June 18-22}
 + }
 + @PHDTHESIS{VG:​Peir2000,​
 +   author = {Shelby Pereira},
 +   title = {Robust Digital Image Watermarking},​
 +   school = {Computer Vision Group -CUI - University of Geneva},
 +   year = {2000},
 +   address = {Geneva, Switzerland},​
 +   abstract = {Invisible Digital watermarks have been proposed as a method for discouraging
 + illicit copying and distribution of copyright material. While a myriad
 + of algorithms have appeared in recent years, a number of problems
 + remain. In this thesis we develop methods for robustly embedding
 + and extracting 60 to 100 bits of information from an image. These
 + bits can be used to link a buyer and a seller to a given image and
 + consequently be used for copyright protection. When embedding the
 + watermark,​ a fundamental tradeoff must be made between robustness,
 + visibility and capacity. Robustness refers to the fact that the watermark
 + must survive against attacks from potential pirates. Visibility refers
 + to the requirement that the watermark be imperceptible to the eye.
 + Finally, capacity refers to the amount of information that the watermark
 + must carry. We present 2 fundamentally different approaches. The
 + first approach is based on the Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT),
 + the magnitude of which is used for embedding bits. Affine transformations
 + on an image lead to corresponding affine transformations in the DFT
 + which suggests that the DFT can be used to recover watermarks which
 + have undergone such transformations. We propose the use of a template
 + consisting of peaks in the DFT domain. If the image is transformed,​
 + the peaks are detected and the transformation is detected by solving
 + a point matching problem. In order to ensure that the watermark is
 + invisible,​ a noise visibility function is calculated in the spatial
 + domain and after the embedding is performed in the DFT domain, the
 + pixels are modulated in the spatial domain to ensure invisibility.
 + Our results indicate that the proposed method successfully recovers
 + watermarks from transformed images, but is relatively weak against
 + compression and cropping. In recent years it has been recognized
 + that embedding information in a transform domain leads to more robust
 + watermarks. A major difficulty in watermarking in a transform domain
 + lies in the fact that constraints on the allowable distortion at
 + any pixel are usually specified in the spatial domain. Consequently
 + the second approach consists of a general framework for optimizing
 + the watermark strength in the trans- form domain when the visibility
 + constraints are specified in the spatial domain. The main idea is
 + to structure the watermark embedding as a linear programming prob-
 + lem in which we wish to maximize the strength of the watermark subject
 + to a set of linear constraints on the pixel distortions as determined
 + by a masking function. We consider the special cases of embedding
 + in the DCT domain and wavelet domainusing the Haar wavelet and Daubechies
 + 4-tap filter in conjunction with a masking function based on a non-stationary
 + Gaussian model, but the algorithm is applicable to any combination
 + of transform and masking functions. Unfortunately the algorithm is
 + not applicable to the DFT since the computational complexity of global
 + transfor- mations is overwhelming. Our results indicate that the
 + proposed approach performs well against lossy compression such as
 + JPEG and other types of filtering which do not change the geometry
 + of the image, however at this time the watermark cannot be recovered
 + from images which have undergone an affine transformation. As a second
 + aspect of the thesis we also develop robust evaluation methods. This
 + consists of two parts. Firstly we develop a new approach for evaluating
 + watermark visibility based on the Watson metric. The results indicate
 + that the perceptual quality as measured by the Watson metric is consistently
 + more accurate than that provided by the typically used PSNR criterion.
 + We also define a new benchmark consisting of attacks which take into
 + account prior information about the watermark and the image. These
 + attacks are much more powerful than the ones available in other bench-
 + marking tools which do not use prior information,​ but rather perform
 + general image processing operations. Our results relative tothe proposed
 + benchmark indicate that the optimized non-linear embedding approach
 + we developed performs markedly better than existing commercial software
 + which suggests that future research should consist of pursuing these
 + lines rather than the linear additive watermarking paradigm dealt
 + with in the bulk of the literature.},​
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2000/​Pereira_thesis2000.pdf},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2000/​Pereira_thesis2000.ps.gz},​
 +   vgclass = {thesis},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​POD1999,​
 +   author = {Shelby Pereira and Joe J. K. {{\'​O}~Ruanaidh} and Fr{\'​e}d{\'​e}ric
 + Deguillaume and Gabriella Csurka and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Template based recovery of Fourier-based watermarks using log-polar
 + and log-log maps},
 +   booktitle = {IEEE Multimedia Systems 99, International Conference on Multimedia
 + Computing and Systems},
 +   year = {1999},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   volume = {1},
 +   pages = {870--874},
 +   address = {Florence, Italy},
 +   month = {7--11~June},​
 +   abstract = {Digital watermarks have been proposed as a method for discouraging
 + illicit copying and distribution of copyrighted material. This paper
 + describes a method for the secure and robust copyright protection
 + of digital images. We present an approach for embedding a digital
 + watermark into an image using the fast Fourier transform. To this
 + watermark is added a template in the Fourier transform domain to
 + render the method robust against rotations and scaling, or aspect
 + ratio changes. We detail a new algorithm based on the log-polar or
 + log-log maps for the accurate and efficient recovery of the template
 + in a rotated and scaled image. We also present results which demonstrate
 + the robustness of the method against some common image processing
 + operations such as compression,​ rotation, scaling and aspect ratio
 + changes.},​
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​99/​PereiraORuanaidhDeguillaumeCsurkaPun_icmcs99.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​99/​PereiraORuanaidhDeguillaumeCsurkaPun_icmcs99.pdf}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{VG:​PeP2000,​
 +   author = {Shelby Pereira and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {An Iterative Template Matching Algorithm Using the Chirp-Z Transform
 + for Digital Image Watermarking},​
 +   journal = {Pattern Recognition},​
 +   year = {2000},
 +   volume = {33},
 +   pages = {173-175},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   number = {1},
 +   month = {jan},
 +   abstract = {Digital watermarks have been proposed as a method for discouraging
 + illicit copying and distribution of copyrighted material. This paper
 + describes a method for the secure and robust copyright protection
 + of digital images. The key contribution lies in the development of
 + a fast iterative template matching algorithm based on log-log or
 + log-polar maps. The algorithm exploits the properties of the Chirp-Z
 + transform to obtain the accuracy needed in the detection of transformations
 + in realistic watermarking applications. Test results verify the robustness
 + of the method.},
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2000/​PereiraPun_PR2000.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2000/​PereiraPun_PR2000.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​PeP2000a,​
 +   author = {Shelby Pereira and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {A framework for optimal adaptive DCT watermarks},​
 +   booktitle = {Tenth European Signal Processing Conference (EUSIPCO'​2000)},​
 +   year = {2000},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   address = {Tampere, Finland},
 +   month = {sep 5--8},
 +   abstract = {In this paper we address the problem of robustly embedding 64 bits
 + into an image while taking into account the HVS. The proposed method
 + is general in that any mask can be adopted. The main advantage of
 + the framework we present is that we demonstrate how to optimally
 + embed a watermark given the constraints imposed by the mask in the
 + spatial domain. This is in sharp contrast with the bulk of publications
 + which embed a watermark in the DCT domain and then truncate or modulate
 + in the spatial domain in order to satisfy masking con- straints.
 + The problem with these approaches is that spatial domain truncation
 + or modulation leads inevitably to the degradation of the watermark
 + in the DCT domain. Results indicate that our proposed approach is
 + robust against JPEG compression at a quality factor of 30 images
 + of size 64 by 64.},
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2000/​PereiraPun_eusipco2000.pdf},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2000/​PereiraPun_eusipco2000.ps.gz}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​PeP1999,​
 +   author = {Shelby Pereira and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Fast robust template matching for affine resistant image watermarking},​
 +   booktitle = {International Workshop on Information Hiding},
 +   year = {1999},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   volume = {LNCS 1768},
 +   series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
 +   pages = {200--210},
 +   address = {Dresden, Germany},
 +   month = {29~September~--1~October},​
 +   publisher = {Springer Verlag},
 +   abstract = {Digital watermarks have been proposed as a method for discouraging
 + illicit copying and distribution of copyrighted material. This paper
 + describes a method for the secure and robust copyright protection
 + of digital images. We present an approach for embedding a digital
 + watermark into an image using the Fourier transform. To this watermark
 + is added a template in the Fourier transform domain to render the
 + method robust against general linear transformations. We detail a
 + new algorithm for the accurate and efficient recovery of the template
 + in an image which has undergone a general affine transformation.
 + Furthermore we demonstrate how the template can be used as a tool
 + for asserting the presence of a watermark. We also systematically
 + evaluate the algorithm and present results which demonstrate the
 + robustness of the method against some common image processing operations
 + such as compression,​ rotation, scaling and aspect ratio changes.},
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​99/​PereiraPun_wih99.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​99/​PereiraPun_wih99.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​POP1999,​
 +   author = {Shelby Pereira and Joe J. K. {\'​O}~Ruanaidh and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Secure robust digital watermarking using the {L}apped {O}rthogonal
 + {T}ransform},​
 +   booktitle = {IS\&​T/​SPIE 11th Annual Symposium, Electronic Imaging '99: Security
 + and Watermarking of Multimedia Contents},
 +   year = {1999},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   editor = {Wah Wong, Ping and Edward J. Delp},
 +   volume = {3657},
 +   series = {SPIE Proceedings},​
 +   pages = {21--30},
 +   address = {San Jose, California USA},
 +   month = {23--29~January},​
 +   note = {Paper EI 3657-03 (Program on Multimedia Processing and Applications)},​
 +   abstract = {Digital watermarks have been proposed as a method for discouraging
 + illicit copying and distribution of copyright material. One approach
 + to Transform Domain image watermarking is to divide the image into
 + separate blocks and compute the transform of each block. The watermark
 + is inserted in the transform domain and the inverse transform is
 + then computed. Such an approach is particularly effective against
 + JPEG compression where 8 x 8 blocks are used in conjunction with
 + the DCT. Using small blocks allows the watermark to be embedded adaptively
 + as a function of the luminance and texture. However for small block
 + sizes blocking artifacts are observed when the strength of the watermark
 + is increased. In order to circumvent this problem, we propose a new
 + approach based on Lapped Orthogonal Transforms (LOT) in which the
 + watermark is inserted adaptively into the LOT domain. Robustness
 + of the watermark to operations such as lossy compression is achieved
 + by using a spread spectrum signal which is added in the LOT domain.
 + The keys used to embed the spread spectrum signal are generated,
 + certified,​ authenticated and securely distributed using a public
 + key infrastructure containing an electronic copyright office and
 + a certification authority. In addition to the above we propose using
 + an invisible template to reverse the effects of rotation, rescaling
 + and cropping on a watermarked image. This separate invisible template
 + is based on the properties of the Fourier Transform. Finally, we
 + objectively evaluate the performance of the proposed algorithm in
 + order to demonstrate the robustness of the proposed technique with
 + respect to a number of common image processing operations including
 + JPEG compression,​ rotation, scaling and cropping.},
 +   keywords = {image processing, electronic commerce, pattern recognition},​
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​99/​PereiraORuanaidhPun_eiswmc99.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​99/​PereiraORuanaidhPun_eiswmc99.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​PVM2001a,​
 +   author = {Shelby Pereira and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy and Maribel Madue{\~n}o
 + and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Second generation benchmarking and application oriented evaluation},​
 +   booktitle = {Information Hiding Workshop},
 +   year = {2001},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   address = {Pittsburgh,​ PA, USA},
 +   month = {apr},
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2001/​PereiraVoloshynovskiyMaduenoMarchandPun_ihw2001.pdf},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2001/​PereiraVoloshynovskiyMaduenoMarchandPun_ihw2001.ps.gz}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​PVP2000,​
 +   author = {Shelby Pereira and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Optimized wavelet domain watermark embedding strategy using linear
 + programming},​
 +   booktitle = {Wavelet Applications VII (part of SPIE AeroSense 2000)},
 +   year = {2000},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   editor = {Harold H. Szu and Martin Vetterli},
 +   address = {Orlando, Florida USA},
 +   month = {April 26--28},
 +   abstract = {Invisible Digital watermarks have been proposed as a method for discouraging
 + illicit copying and distribution of copyright material. In recent
 + years it has been recognized that embedding information in a transform
 + domain leads to more robust watermarks. In particular, several approaches
 + based on the Wavelet Transform have been proposed to address the
 + problem of image watermarking. The advantage of the wavelet transform
 + relative to the DFT or DCT is that it allows for localized watermarking
 + of the image. A major di culty, however, in watermarking in any transform
 + domain lies in the fact that constraints on the allowable distortion
 + at any pixel are speci ed in the spatial domain. In order to insert
 + an invisible watermark, the current trend has been to model the Human
 + Visual System (HVS) and specify a masking function which yields the
 + allowable distortion for any pixel. This complex function combines
 + contrast, luminance, color, texture and edges. The watermark is then
 + inserted in the transform domain and the inverse transform computed.
 + The watermark is nally adjusted to satisfy the constraints on the
 + pixel distortions. However this method is highly suboptimal since
 + it leads to irreversible losses at the embedding stage because the
 + watermark is being adjusted in the spatial domain with no care for
 + the consequences in the transform domain. The central contribution
 + of the paper is the proposal of an approach which takes into account
 + the spatial domain constraints in an optimal fashion. The main idea
 + is to structure the watermark embedding as a linear programming problem
 + in which we wish to maximize the strength of the watermark subject
 + to a set of linear constraints on the pixel distortions as determined
 + by amasking function. We consider the Haar wavelet and Daubechies
 + 4-tap filter in conjunction with a masking function based on a non-stationary
 + Gaussian model, but the algorithm is applicable to any combination
 + of transform and masking functions. Our results indicate that the
 + proposed approach performs well against lossy compression such as
 + JPEG and other types of filtering which do not change the geometry
 + of the image.},
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2000/​PereiraVoloshynovskiyPun_spie2000.pdf},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2000/​PereiraVoloshynovskiyPun_spie2000.ps.gz}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{VG:​PVP2001,​
 +   author = {Shelby Pereira and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Optimal transform domain watermark embedding via linear programming},​
 +   journal = {Signal Processing, Special Issue: Information Theoretic Issues in
 + Digital Watermarking},​
 +   year = {2001},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   note = {(to appear)},
 +   abstract = {Invisible Digital watermarks have been proposed as a method for discouraging
 + illicit copying and distribution of copyright material. In recent
 + years it has been recognized that embedding information in a transform
 + domain leads to mo re robust watermarks. A major difficulty inwatermarking
 + in a transform domain lies in the fact that constraints on the allowable
 + distortion at any pixel may be speci ed in the spatial domain. The
 + central contribution of the paper is the proposal of an approach
 + which takes into account spatial domain constraints in an optimal
 + fashion. The main idea is to structure the watermark embedding as
 + a linear programming problem in which we wish to maximize the strength
 + of the watermark subject to a set of lin- ear constraints on the
 + pixel distortions as determined by a masking function. We consider
 + the special cases of embedding in the DCT domain and wavelet domain
 + using the Haar wavelet and Daubechies 4-tap lter in conjunction with
 + a masking function based on a non-stationary Gaussian model, but
 + the algorithm is applicable to any combination of transform and masking
 + functions. Our results indicate that the proposed approach performs
 + well against lossy compression such as JPEG and other types of ltering
 + which do not change the geometry of the image.},
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2001/​PereiraVoloshynovskiyPun_sigProc2001.pdf},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2001/​PereiraVoloshynovskiyPun_sigProc2001.ps.gz}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​PVP2000a,​
 +   author = {Shelby Pereira and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Effective channel coding for DCT watermarks},​
 +   booktitle = {IEEE International Conference on Image Processing ICIP 2000},
 +   year = {2000},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   address = {Vancouver, Canada},
 +   month = {September 10--13},
 +   abstract = {We describe effective channel coding strategies which can be used
 + in conjunction with linear programming optimization techniques for
 + the embedding of robust perceptually adaptive DCT domain watermarks.
 + The main contributions lie in the proposal of a coding strategy based
 + on the magnitude of a DCT coefficient,​ the use of turbo codes for
 + effec-tive error correction, and finally the incorporation of JPEG
 + quantization tables at embedding.},​
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2000/​PereiraVoloshynovskiyPun_icip2000.pdf},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2000/​PereiraVoloshynovskiyPun_icip2000.ps.gz}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​PVP2000b,​
 +   vgclass = {patent},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   author = {Shelby Pereira and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {A method for generating and decoding image dependant watermarks},​
 +   howpublished = {European Patent Application PCT/​IB00/​00494},​
 +   month = {Filed April 20},
 +   year = {2000}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{PerezFreire:​MMSP2004,​
 +   author = {L. Perez-Freire and F. Perez-Gonzalez and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy},​
 +   title = {Revealing the true achievable rates of scalar Costa scheme},
 +   booktitle = {IEEE International Workshop on Multimedia Signal Processing (MMSP)},
 +   year = {2004},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   address = {Siena, Italy},
 +   month = {September 29 - October 1},
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2004/​PerezFreirePerezGonzalezVoloshynovskiy_MMSP2004.pdf}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Per1988,​
 +   vgclass = {licence},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   author = {Ren{\'​e} Perrier},
 +   title = {Labo {I}mage: conception et r\'​ealisation d'un logiciel de morphologie
 + math\'​ematique \`a niveaux de gris},
 +   howpublished = {Licence thesis (B.Sc.), University of Geneva},
 +   month = {July},
 +   year = {1988}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Per1997,​
 +   vgclass = {diploma},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   author = {Adrian Perrig},
 +   title = {A copyright protection environment for digital images},
 +   howpublished = {Diploma thesis, University of Geneva},
 +   month = {March},
 +   year = {1997},
 +   note = {(work conducted in collaboration with: r3 Security Engineering,​ Switzerland,​
 + and the Operating Systems Laboratory, EPF-Lausanne,​ Switzerland)}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​POR1997,​
 +   author = {Adrian Perrig and Joe {{\'​O}~Ruanaidh} and Christian Rauber and Alexander
 + Herrigel and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {The design of a digital watermarking application},​
 +   institution = {Computer Vision Group, Computing Centre, University of Geneva and
 + {R3} Security Engineering},​
 +   year = {1997},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   number = {97.07},
 +   address = {rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211 Gen\`eve, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {January}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Pet1997,​
 +   vgclass = {diploma},
 +   vgproject = {dvp,cbir},
 +   author = {Lori Petrucci},
 +   title = {Interfaces d'​archivage et de recherche pour la post-production de
 + documents vid\'​eo},​
 +   howpublished = {Diploma thesis, University of Geneva},
 +   month = {October},
 +   year = {1997}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​PHR2000,​
 +   author = {Lori Petrucci and Eric Harth and Patrick Roth and Andr{\'​e} Assimacopoulos
 + and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {{WebSound}:​ a generic {W}eb sonification tool, and its application
 + to an auditory {W}eb browser for blind and visually impaired users},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Auditory Display
 + (ICAD 2000)},
 +   year = {2000},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {abweb},
 +   month = {2--5~apr},
 +   abstract = {The inherent visual nature of Internet browsers makes the Web inaccessible
 + to the visually impaired. Although several non-visual browsers have
 + been developed, they usually transform the visual content of HTML
 + documents into textual information only, that can be rendered by
 + a text-to-speech converter or a Braille device. The loss of spatial
 + layout and of textual attributes should be avoided since they often
 + bear visually important information. Moreover, typical non-visual
 + Internet browsers do not allow visually impaired and sighted individuals
 + to easily work together using the same environment. This paper presents
 + WebSound, a new generic Web sonification tool and its application
 + to a 3D audio augmented Internet browser (Internet Explorer 5.0)
 + developed by the Computer Vision Group at the University of Geneva.},
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2000/​PetrucciHarthRothAssimacopoulosPun_icad2000.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​PHR2000a,​
 +   author = {Lori Petrucci and Eric Harth and Patrick Roth and Andr{\'​e} Assimacopoulos
 + and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {{WebSound}:​ a generic {W}eb sonification tool allowing {HCI} researchers
 + to dynamically create new access modalities},​
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
 + (CHI 2000)},
 +   year = {2000},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {abweb},
 +   month = {1--6~apr},
 +   abstract = {The World Wide Web (WWW) has recently become the main source of digital
 + information accessible everywhere and by everyone. Nevertheless,​
 + the inherent visual nature of Internet browsers makes the Web inaccessible
 + to the visually impaired. To solve this problem, non-visual browsers
 + have been developed. One of the new problems, however, with those
 + non-visual browsers is that they often transform the visual content
 + of HTML documents into textual information only, that can be restituted
 + by a text-to-speech converter or a Braille device. The loss of spatial
 + layout, and textual attributes such as boldface, italic, underline,
 + color or even size should be avoided since they often bear visually
 + important information. Moreover, typical non-visual Internet browsers
 + do not allow visually impaired and sighted individuals to easily
 + work together using the same environment. These new problems have
 + to be solved with new alternative non-visual display techniques.
 + This paper presents WebSound, a new generic Web sonification tool
 + and its application to a 3D audio augmented Internet browser (Internet
 + Explorer 5.0) developed at the University of Geneva.},
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2000/​PetrucciHarthRothAssimacopoulosPun_chi2000.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​PRA1999,​
 +   author = {Lori Petrucci and Patrick Roth and Andre Assimacopoulos and Thierry
 + Pun},
 +   title = {An audio browser for increasing access to World Wide Web sites for
 + blind and visually impaired computer users},
 +   booktitle = {8th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction,​ HCI'​99},​
 +   year = {1999},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {abweb},
 +   address = {Munich, Germany},
 +   month = {22--27~August}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Pfu2001,​
 +   vgclass = {licence},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   author = {Thomas Pfund},
 +   title = {Cr\'​eation D'une Interface Web Dynamique Pour L'​annotation D'​images},​
 +   howpublished = {Licence thesis (BSc), University of Geneva},
 +   month = {October},
 +   year = {2001},
 +   url = {http://​viper.unige.ch/​annotate}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​PMM2002,​
 +   author = {Thomas Pfund and St{\'​e}phane Marchand-Maillet},​
 +   title = {A Dynamic Multimedia Annotation Tool},
 +   booktitle = {Proccedings of {SPIE} Photonics West, Electronic Imaging 2002, Internet
 + Imaging {III}},
 +   year = {2002},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   editor = {G. Beretta and R. Schettini Eds},
 +   address = {San Jose, USA}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{Pignat:​2007:​fMRI,​
 +   author = {J.-M. Pignat and Oleksiy Koval and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy and
 + Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {From non-stationary Gaussian modelling to independent component analysis:
 + an fMRI study},
 +   booktitle = {Lemanic-Neuroscience Annual Meeting},
 +   year = {2007},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   address = {Les Diablerets, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {September 14--15},
 +   owner = {beekhof},
 +   timestamp = {2007.08.29}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{Pignat:​Brain2005:​NGSPMFD,​
 +   author = {J.-M. Pignat and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy and Oleksiy Koval and
 + V. Ibanez and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Non-stationary Gaussian spatio-temporal modeling of fMRI data},
 +   booktitle = {Brain'​05 {\&} BrainPET'​05,​ XXIInd International Symposium on Cerebral
 + Blood Flow, Metabolism, and Function and VIIth International Conference
 + on Quantification of Brain Function with PET, June 7-11, 2005, Vrije
 + Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands},​
 +   year = {2005},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {bmi}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{Pignat:​Diablerets2004:​NGSPMFD,​
 +   author = {J.-M. Pignat and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy and Oleksiy Koval and
 + V. Ibanez and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Non-stationary Gaussian spatio-temporal modeling of fMRI data},
 +   booktitle = {First Meeting of the Lemanic Neuroscience Programs, UniGe/UNIL Doctoral
 + School in Neuroscience and the EPFL Doctoral Program},
 +   year = {2004},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {bmi},
 +   address = {Les Diablerets, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {27-28 September}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Pin1994,​
 +   vgclass = {licence},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   author = {Nicolas Pinaud},
 +   title = {Traitement d'​images bas-niveaux:​ interfa\c cage entre cam\'​era couleur,
 + carte d'​acquisition Matrox et logiciel de vision par ordinateur {KBV}ision},​
 +   howpublished = {Licence thesis (B.Sc.), University of Geneva},
 +   month = {May},
 +   year = {1994}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{Pingault2003,​
 +   author = {M. Pingault and E. Bruno and D. Pellerin},
 +   title = {A Robust Multiscale B-spline Function Decomposition Process to Motion
 + Transparency Estimation},​
 +   journal = {IEEE Transactions on Image Processing },
 +   year = {2003},
 +   volume = {12},
 +   pages = {1416- 1426},
 +   number = {11},
 +   month = {November},
 +   owner = {beekhof},
 +   timestamp = {2007.10.09},​
 +   url = {http://​ieeexplore.ieee.org/​xpl/​abs_free.jsp?​isNumber=27803\&​prod=JNL\&​arnumber=1240108\&​arSt=+1416\&​ared=+1426\&​arAuthor=+Pingault,​+M.;​++Bruno,​+E.;​++Pellerin,​+D.\&​arNumber=1240108\&​a_id0=1240098\&​a_id1=1240099\&​a_id2=1240100\&​a_id3=1240101\&​a_id4=1240102\&​a_id5=1240103\&​a_id6=1240104\&​a_id7=1240105\&​a_id8=1240106\&​a_id9=1240107\&​a_id10=1240108\&​a_id11=1240109\&​count=12}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Pin1991,​
 +   vgclass = {diploma},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   author = {Sujiva Pinnagoda},
 +   title = {Vision par ordinateur: {E}tude et d\'​etection des propri\'​et\'​es
 + non-accidentelles},​
 +   howpublished = {Diploma thesis, University of Geneva},
 +   month = {December},
 +   year = {1991}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{VG:​PVSHL2001,​
 +   author = {I. Prudyus and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy and A. Synyavskyy and T.
 + Holotyak and L. Lazko},
 +   title = { Generalized radar/​radiometry imaging problems },
 +   journal = { Journal of Telecommunications and Information Technology },
 +   year = {2001},
 +   volume = {4},
 +   pages = {15-20},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2001/​GeneralizedRadarRadiometryImagingProblems.pdf}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Pug2001,​
 +   vgclass = {licence},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   author = {Laurent Pugin},
 +   title = {Superposition de Partitions Muicales},
 +   howpublished = {Licence thesis (BSc), University of Geneva},
 +   month = {November},
 +   year = {2001}
 + }
 + @INCOLLECTION{VG:​Pun1992,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Electromagnetic models for perceptual grouping},
 +   booktitle = {Advances in Machine Vision: Strategies and Applications},​
 +   publisher = {World Scientific Publishing Co.},
 +   year = {1992},
 +   editor = {C. Archibald and E. Petriu},
 +   pages = {129--149},
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​92/​Pun_MachVis_EMGrp.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​92/​Pun_MachVis_EMGrp.pdf},​
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​Pun1995,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {De la reconnaissance des formes \`a la vision artificielle},​
 +   booktitle = {La Relation \`a l'​Environnement:​ des R\'​eseaux Informatiques aux
 + R\'​eseaux Biologiques},​
 +   year = {1995},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   pages = {23--24},
 +   address = {Centre d'​Ecologie Humaine et des Sciences de l'​Environnement,​ Gen\`eve,
 + Switzerland},​
 +   month = {March}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​Pun1994,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Vision et cybern\'​etique},​
 +   booktitle = {Symposium de Neuro-ophtalmologie et de R\'​eadaptation pour D\'​eficients
 + Visuels, Gen\`eve, Switzerland},​
 +   year = {1994},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   month = {April}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{VG:​Pun1993,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {2{D} and 3{D} imaging in medicine},
 +   journal = {Physica Medica},
 +   year = {1993},
 +   volume = {9},
 +   pages = {127--134},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {2}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{VG:​Pun1993a,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Robotique agricole: Op\'​eration Patate, ``{G}eneva Vision System''​},​
 +   journal = {Cahiers de la Facult\'​e des Sciences, Universit\'​e de Gen\`eve},
 +   year = {1993},
 +   vgclass = {otherjournals},​
 +   vgproject = {unspecified}
 + }
 + @MISC{Pun92b,​
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Robotique agricole: Op\'​eration Patate},
 +   howpublished = {{\em Geneva Vision System}, Cahiers de la Facult\'​e des Sciences,
 + Universit\'​e de Gen\`eve},
 +   year = {1992}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​Pun1992a,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {2{D} and 3{D} graphical methods: applications in medical imaging},
 +   booktitle = {4th International Conference on Applications of Physics in Medicince
 + and Biology - Advanced Detectors for Medical Imaging, Trieste, Italy},
 +   year = {1992},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   month = {September}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{VG:​Pun1991,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {How to keep in touch electronically?​},​
 +   journal = {{IAPR} Newsletter},​
 +   year = {1991},
 +   volume = {14},
 +   vgclass = {otherjournals},​
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {1}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{VG:​Pun1991a,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Scientific communications within {SGAICO}},
 +   journal = {SI-Information,​ Bulletin of the Swiss Association for Computer Science},
 +   year = {1991},
 +   volume = {31},
 +   pages = {7--8},
 +   vgclass = {otherjournals},​
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   month = {May}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{VG:​Pun1991b,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Computer interpretation of complex tridimensional scenes, with application
 + to the visual guidance of industrial robots},
 +   journal = {SI-Information,​ Bulletin of the Swiss Association for Computer Science},
 +   year = {1991},
 +   vgclass = {otherjournals},​
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   note = {(abstract)}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​Pun1990,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {The {G}eneva Vision System: modules, integration and primal access},
 +   institution = {AI and Vision Group, Computing Centre, University of Geneva},
 +   year = {1990},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {90.06},
 +   address = {rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211 Gen\`eve, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {December}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​Pun1989,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Les m\'​ethodes classiques de l'​analyse d'​images en vision artificielle},​
 +   booktitle = {Intelligence Artificielle et Robotique},
 +   year = {1989},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   pages = {147--161},
 +   month = {June},
 +   organization = {DIP-Valais and Dalle Molle Foundation}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​Pun1989a,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Low-level vision: some principles, paradigms and issues},
 +   booktitle = {1st SGAICO Conference, Computer Vision Workshop, Yverdon-Les-Bains,​
 + Switzerland},​
 +   year = {1989},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   month = {October}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​Pun1988,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Vision artificielle:​ l'​apport des m\'​ethodes classiques},​
 +   booktitle = {Journ\'​ees d'​Intelligence artificielle et robotique, Sion, Switzerland},​
 +   year = {1988},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   month = {November},
 +   organization = {DIP-Valais and Dalle Molle Foundation}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{VG:​Pun1988a,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Le Laboratoire Image du Centre universitaire d'​informatique ({CUI}):
 + un environnement de stations de travail pour l'​enseignement en traitement
 + d'​images et infographie},​
 +   journal = {Informatique-Informations},​
 +   year = {1988},
 +   volume = {2},
 +   pages = {11--12},
 +   vgclass = {otherjournals},​
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   month = {January},
 +   note = {Geneva}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​Pun1988b,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Current activities in the {AI} and {V}ision group of the {U}niversity
 + of {G}eneva},
 +   booktitle = {{SGAICO} - Swiss Group of {AI} and Cognitive Sciences Annual Conference
 + on Artificial Intelligence in Manufacturing,​ Assembly, and Robotics,
 + Bern},
 +   year = {1988},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   month = {October},
 +   note = {(written in cooperation with the researchers of the group)}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{BMI:​0501,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun and Teodor Iuilian Alecu and Guillaume Chanel and Jullien
 + Kronegg and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy},​
 +   title = {Brain-computer interaction research at the Computer Vision and Multimedia
 + Laboratory,​ University of Geneva},
 +   institution = {Computer Vision and Multimedia Laboratory, Computing Centre, University
 + of Geneva},
 +   year = {2005},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {bmi},
 +   number = {05.01},
 +   address = {Rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211, Geneva, Switzerland}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{Pun:​BCI:​RBCI-CVML,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun and Teodor Iulian Alecu and Guillaume Chanel and Julien
 + Kronegg and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy},​
 +   title = {Research in Brain-computer interaction,​ Multimodal Interaction Group,
 + Computer Vision and Multimedia Laboratory, University of Geneva},
 +   booktitle = {BCI 2005, Brain-Computer Interface Technology: Third International
 + Meeting},
 +   year = {2005},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {bmi},
 +   address = {Rensselaerville,​ NY, USA},
 +   month = {June 14--19}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{Pun:​TechRep:​RBCI-CVML,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun and Teodor Iulian Alecu and Guillaume Chanel and Julien
 + Kronegg and Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy},​
 +   title = {Research in Brain-computer interaction,​ Multimodal Interaction Group,
 + Computer Vision and Multimedia Laboratory, University of Geneva},
 +   institution = {Technical report TR0501, Computer Science Department, University
 + of Geneva},
 +   year = {2005},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {bmi},
 +   number = {05.01},
 +   month = {June}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{Pun:​NSRE:​BCI-CVML,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun and Teodor Iulian Alecu and Guillaume Chanel and Sviatoslav
 + Voloshynovskiy},​
 +   title = {Brain-computer interaction research at the Computer Vision and Multimedia
 + Laboratory,​ University of Geneva},
 +   journal = {IEEE transactions on neural systems and rehabilitation engineering,​
 + Special Issue on Brain-Computer Interaction},​
 +   year = {2006},
 +   volume = {14},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {bmi},
 +   number = {2},
 +   month = {June}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{PuA98,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun and Andr{\'​e} Assimacopoulos},​
 +   title = {{ABW}eb: Active audio Internet browser for visually impaired and
 + blind users},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the Conference of the Swiss Priority Programme on
 + Information and Communication Structures (SPP ICS)},
 +   year = {1998},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {abweb},
 +   address = {Irchel Campus, Z\"​urich University, Z\"​urich},​
 +   month = {13~July}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​PAP2000,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun and Andr{\'​e} Assimacopoulos and Lori Petrucci and Patrick
 + Roth},
 +   title = {{ABW}eb: Active audio Internet browser for visually impaired and
 + blind users},
 +   booktitle = {SPP-ICS Closing Conference, Swiss Priority Program on Information
 + and Communication Structures},​
 +   year = {2000},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {abweb},
 +   pages = {97-99},
 +   address = {Fribourg, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {mar 15}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{VG:​PAP1999,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun and Andr{\'​e} Assimacopoulos and Lori Petrucci and Patrick
 + Roth},
 +   title = {{AB-Web}: {A}ctive audio Internet browser for visually impaired and
 + blind users},
 +   journal = {Informatik - Informatique,​ Swiss Informaticians Society},
 +   year = {1999},
 +   pages = {45--46},
 +   vgclass = {otherjournals},​
 +   vgproject = {abweb},
 +   number = {5},
 +   month = {October},
 +   abstract = {In the Internet world, the widespread use of graphical user interfaces
 + (GUIs) increasingly bars visually handicapped people from accessing
 + digital information. In this context our project aims at providing
 + sight handicapped people with alternative access modalities to various
 + types of GUIs and graphic intensive programs, in order for instance
 + to facilitate usage of Web services.},
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​99/​PunAssimacopoulosPetrucciRoth_informatik.pdf},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​99/​PunAssimacopoulosPetrucciRoth_informatik.ps.gz}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​PuB1993,​
 +   vgclass = {otherjournals},​
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun and C. Baur},
 +   title = {Interpr\'​etation par ordinateur de sc\`enes tridimensionnelles complexes,
 + avec application au guidage visuel de robots industriels},​
 +   howpublished = {Press release},
 +   month = {October},
 +   year = {1993}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{VG:​PuB1990,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun and E. Blake},
 +   title = {Relationships between image synthesis and analysis: towards unification?​},​
 +   journal = {Computer Graphics Forum},
 +   year = {1990},
 +   volume = {9},
 +   pages = {149--163},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {2},
 +   month = {July},
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​90/​PunBl_CGF_Common.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​90/​PunBl_CGF_Common.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​PBM1994,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun and Jean-Marc Bost and Ruggero Milanese and Christian
 + Rauber and Serguei Startchik},
 +   title = {Selecting relevant information and delaying irrelevant data for objects
 + recognition},​
 +   booktitle = {AAAI Fall Symposium Series, Relevance Workshop, New Orleans, Louisiana},
 +   year = {1994},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   pages = {168--172},
 +   month = {November},
 +   publisher = {AAAI Press},
 +   url = {ftp://​cui.unige.ch/​PUBLIC/​vision/​papers/​rauber/​94.11.AAAIpaper.ps.Z}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​PBM1994a,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun and Jean-Marc Bost and Ruggero Milanese and Christian
 + Rauber and Serguei Startchik},
 +   title = {Selecting relevant information and delaying irrelevant data for objects
 + recognition},​
 +   institution = {AI and Vision Group, Computing Centre, University of Geneva},
 +   year = {1994},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {94.03},
 +   address = {rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211 Gen\`eve, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {March},
 +   url = {ftp://​cui.unige.ch/​PUBLIC/​vision/​papers/​rauber/​94.03.Report.ps.Z}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​PuB1989,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun and Pierre-Yves Burgi},
 +   title = {Perceptual grouping of image primitives using a potential and field
 + approach},​
 +   booktitle = {6th Scandinavian Conference on Image Analysis, Oulu, Finland},
 +   year = {1989},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   pages = {317--324},
 +   month = {June},
 +   key = {SCIA'​89}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​PuD1992,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun and J.-D. Dessimoz},
 +   title = {Computer interpretation of complex tridimensional scenes, with application
 + to the visual guidance of industrial robots},
 +   booktitle = {National Research Program NFP/PNR 23, Third Program Status Report,
 + Bern, Switzerland},​
 +   year = {1992},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   month = {July}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​PuD1991,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun and J.-D. Dessimoz},
 +   title = {Computer interpretation of complex tridimensional scenes, with application
 + to the visual guidance of industrial robots},
 +   booktitle = {National Research Program NFP/PNR 23, Second Program Status Report,
 + Bern, Switzerland},​
 +   year = {1991},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   month = {July}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​PuD1990,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun and J.-D. Dessimoz},
 +   title = {Computer interpretation of complex tridimensional scenes, with application
 + to the visual guidance of industrial robots},
 +   booktitle = {National Research Program NFP/PNR 23, First Program Status Report,
 + Bern, Switzerland},​
 +   year = {1990},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   month = {June}
 + }
 + @INCOLLECTION{VG:​PuG1995,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun and Catherine De Garrini},
 +   title = {Cybern\'​etique et vision par ordinateur},​
 +   booktitle = {Le D\'​eficit Visuel, de la Neurophysiologie \`a la Pratique de la
 + R\'​eadaptation},​
 +   publisher = {Masson},
 +   year = {1995},
 +   editor = {A. B. Safran and Andr{\'​e} Assimacopoulos},​
 +   pages = {213--224},
 +   address = {Paris, France},
 +   url = {ftp://​cui.unige.ch/​PUBLIC/​vision/​papers/​degarrin/​95.05.ophtalmo.ps.Z},​
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{VG:​PGR1994,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun and G. Gerig and O. S. Ratib},
 +   title = {Image analysis and computer vision in medicine},
 +   journal = {Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics},
 +   year = {1994},
 +   volume = {18},
 +   pages = {85--96},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {2},
 +   note = {(Special Issue: Multimedia Techniques in the Medical Environment)},​
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​94/​PunGR_CMIG_CVMedic.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​94/​PunGR_CMIG_CVMedic.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​PGL1993,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun and Sylvia Gil and Marc Lefebvre and Ruggero Milanese
 + and C. Baur and M.-A. Glassey and E. Natonek and C. Burckhardt and
 + J.-D. Dessimoz},
 +   title = {Computer interpretation of complex tridimensional scenes, with application
 + to the visual guidance of industrial robots},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings Symposium on Artificial Intelligence and Robotics, Z\"​urich,​
 + Switzerland},​
 +   year = {1993},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   editor = {R. Bless},
 +   series = {National Research Program NFP/PNR 23},
 +   pages = {85--99},
 +   month = {October}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{PuH98,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun and Alexander Herrigel},
 +   title = {Krypict: a software environment for copyrighting,​ authenticating,​
 + archiving and retrieving pictorial documents in multimedia databases},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the Conference of the Swiss Priority Programme on
 + Information and Communication Structures (SPP ICS)},
 +   year = {1998},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   address = {Irchel Campus, Z\"​urich University, Z\"​urich},​
 +   month = {13~July}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​PHT2000,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun and Alexander Herrigel and P. Tschudin},
 +   title = {Krypict: a software environment for copyrighting,​ authenticating,​
 + archiving and retrieving pictorial documents in multimedia databases},
 +   booktitle = {SPP-ICS Closing Conference, Swiss Priority Program on Information
 + and Communication Structures},​
 +   year = {2000},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   pages = {82-85},
 +   address = {Fribourg, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {mar 15}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{VG:​PHT1999,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun and Alexander Herrigel and Peter Tschudin},
 +   title = {{K}ry{P}ict:​ a software environment for copyrighting,​ authenticating,​
 + archiving and retrieving pictorial documents in multimedia databases},
 +   journal = {Informatik - Informatique,​ Swiss Informaticians Society},
 +   year = {1999},
 +   pages = {26--27},
 +   vgclass = {otherjournals},​
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   number = {2},
 +   month = {April}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{VG:​PHA1988,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun and D. Hochstrasser and R. Appel and M. Funk and V. Villars-Augsburger
 + and C. Pellegrini},​
 +   title = {Computerized classification of two-dimensional gel electrophoretograms
 + by correspondence analysis and ascendant hierarchical clustering},​
 +   journal = {Applied and Theoretical Electrophoresis},​
 +   year = {1988},
 +   volume = {1},
 +   pages = {3--9},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {1}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​PHP1988,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun and D. Hochstrasser and Christian Pellegrini},​
 +   title = {Correspondance analysis and hierarchical classification of complex
 + images: application to two-dimensional gel electrophoretograms},​
 +   booktitle = {{EUSIPCO} 88, 4th European Signal Processing Conference, Grenoble,
 + France},
 +   year = {1988},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   month = {September},​
 +   note = {(also in Signal Processing IV, theories and applications,​ J. L. Lacoume,
 + A. Chehikian, N. Martin and J. Malbos, Eds., North-Holland,​ 1988.)}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​PLG1991,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun and Marc Lefebvre and Sylvia Gil and Denis Brunet and
 + Jean-Daniel Dessimoz and Paul Gugerli},
 +   title = {The {P}otato {O}peration:​ computer vision for agricultural robotics},
 +   booktitle = {Machine Vision Architectures,​ Integration and Applications},​
 +   year = {1991},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   editor = {Bruce G. Batchelor and Michael J. Chen and Frederick M. Waltz},
 +   volume = {1615},
 +   series = {SPIE Proceedings},​
 +   pages = {320--331},
 +   address = {Boston, USA},
 +   month = {November},
 +   note = {(SPIE Conference on Advances in Intelligent Robotic Systems)},
 +   abstract = {Each year at harvest time millions of seed potatoes are checked for
 + the presence of viruses by means of an Elisa test. The Potato Operation
 + aims at automatizing the potato manipulation and pulp sampling procedure,
 + starting from bunches of harvested potatoes and ending with the deposit
 + of potato pulp into Elisa containers. Automatizing these manipulations
 + addresses several issues, linking robotic and computer vision. The
 + paper reports on the current status of this project. It first summarizes
 + the robotic aspects, which consist of locating a potato in a bunch,
 + grasping it, positioning it into the camera field of view, pumping
 + the pulp sample and depositing it into a container. The computer
 + vision aspects are then detailed. They concern locating particular
 + potatoes in a bunch and finding the position of the best germ where
 + the drill has to sample the pulp. The emphasis is put on the germ
 + location problem. A general overview of the approach is given, which
 + combines the processing of both frontal and silhouette views of the
 + potato, together with movements of the robot arm (active vision).
 + Frontal and silhouette analysis algorithms are then presented. Results
 + are shown that confirm the feasibility of the approach.},
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​91/​PunLGBDG_SPIE_Pdt.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​91/​PunLGBDG_SPIE_Pdt.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​PuM1995,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun and Ruggero Milanese},
 +   title = {Computer vision and multimedia information systems},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the International Workshop on Multimedia Information
 + Systems and Hypermedia},​
 +   year = {1995},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   editor = {M. Sakauchi and R. Jain},
 +   pages = {29--37},
 +   address = {Tokyo, Japan},
 +   month = {March},
 +   note = {(invited paper)},
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​95/​PunMil_CVMis.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​95/​PunMil_CVMis.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​PRS1994,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun and Christian Rauber and Serguei Startchik},
 +   title = {Unified knowledge representation and asynchronous processing for
 + a versatile computer vision system},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of the Swiss Priority Programme Informatics,​ Information
 + Conf. Module, Yverdon-les-Bains,​ Switzerland},​
 +   year = {1994},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   pages = {26--35},
 +   month = {December},
 +   publisher = {Swiss National Science Foundation Press},
 +   url = {ftp://​cui.unige.ch/​PUBLIC/​vision/​papers/​rauber/​94.12.Yverdon.ps.Z}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​PRS1996,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun and Christian Rauber and Serguei Startchik and Ruggero
 + Milanese},​
 +   title = {Unified knowledge representation and asynchronous processing for
 + a versatile computer vision system},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings Closing Conference Swiss Priority Programme Informatics,​
 + Lausanne, Switzerland},​
 +   year = {1996},
 +   vgclass = {fullconf},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   pages = {23--25},
 +   month = {March},
 +   publisher = {Swiss National Science Foundation Press}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​PRS1995,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun and Christian Rauber and Serguei Startchik and Ruggero
 + Milanese},​
 +   title = {Transforming an image into dataflows of relevant primitives for objects
 + location, reconstruction and indexing},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of Vision Interface 95},
 +   year = {1995},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   pages = {203--211},
 +   address = {Quebec City, Canada},
 +   month = {May},
 +   organization = {Canadian Image Processing and Pattern Recognition Society},
 +   note = {(presented by Ch. Rauber)},
 +   url = {ftp://​cui.unige.ch/​PUBLIC/​vision/​papers/​rauber/​95.05.VI.ps.Z}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​PRN1991,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun and M. Regamey and Philippe Narbel and J. Mosig},
 +   title = {Perceptual grouping and directionality determination using an electromagnetic
 + model},
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings Vision Interface'​91,​ Calgary, Canada},
 +   year = {1991},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   pages = {81--88},
 +   month = {June}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​PRN1990,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun and M. Regamey and Philippe Narbel and J. Mosig},
 +   title = {Perceptual grouping and directionality determination using an electromagnetic
 + model},
 +   institution = {AI and Vision Group, Computing Centre, University of Geneva},
 +   year = {1990},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {90.02},
 +   address = {rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211 Gen\`eve, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {April}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​PRP1998,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun and Patrick Roth and Lori Petrucci},
 +   title = {An image-capable audio internet browser for facilitating blind user
 + access to digital libraries},
 +   booktitle = {Digital Libraries '98 - The Third {ACM} Conference on Digital Libraries},
 +   year = {1998},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {abweb},
 +   address = {Pittsburgh,​ PA, USA},
 +   month = {June},
 +   abstract = {The Internet now permits widespread access to textual and pictorial
 + material from digital libraries. The widespread use of graphical
 + user interfaces, however, increasingly bars visually handicapped
 + people from using such material. We present here our current work
 + aimed at the adaptation of an Internet browser to facilitate blind
 + user access to digital libraries. The main distinguishing characteristics
 + of this browser are: (1) active user interaction,​ both for the macro-analysis
 + and micro-analysis of screen objects of interest; (2) use of a touch-sensitive
 + screen to facilitate user interaction;​ (3) generation of a virtual
 + sound space into which the screen information is mapped; (4) transcription
 + into sounds not only of text, but also of images. Several prototypes
 + have been implemented,​ and are being evaluated by blind users.}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{VG:​PuS1996,​
 +   author = {Thierry Pun and David McG. Squire},
 +   title = {Statistical structuring of pictorial databases for content-based
 + image retrieval systems},
 +   journal = {Pattern Recognition Letters},
 +   year = {1996},
 +   volume = {17},
 +   pages = {1299--1310},​
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   abstract = {This letter presents a two-stage statistical approach for ``exploring
 + and explaining''​ a pictorial database, for content-based image retrieval
 + systems. First, we describe how correspondence analysis provides
 + images classes, as well as facilitates the understanding of the role
 + of image primatives and attributes used to index pictures. Such understanding
 + allows an intelligent choice of features, and thus computational
 + savings, to be made. Second, ascendant heirarchical classification
 + permits the structuring of the database, in order to ease picture
 + indexing and retrieval.},​
 +   keywords = {image databases, content-based image retrieval systems, exploratory
 + statistics,​ correspondence analysis, ascendant hierarchical classification},​
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​96/​PuS96_prl_corran.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​96/​PuS96_prl_corran.pdf}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{PerezFreire:​AA:​IFS2006,​
 +   author = {Luis P{\'​e}rez-Freire and Fernando P{\'​e}rez-Gonz{\'​a}lez and Sviatoslav
 + Voloshynovskiy},​
 +   title = {An Accurate Analysis of Scalar Quantization-Based Data Hiding},
 +   journal = {IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security},
 +   year = {2006},
 +   volume = {1},
 +   pages = {80--86},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking},​
 +   number = {1},
 +   month = {March},
 +   booktitle = {IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security},
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2005/​PerezFreirePerezGonzalezVoloshynovskiy_IFS2006.pdf}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Que1989,​
 +   vgclass = {diploma},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   author = {Denis Queille},
 +   title = {Un syst\`eme d'​acquisition d'​images astronomiques par {CCD}},
 +   howpublished = {Diploma thesis, University of Geneva},
 +   month = {April},
 +   year = {1989}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Rai1989,​
 +   vgclass = {licence},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   author = {Pascale Raisin},
 +   title = {D\'​eveloppement d'un outil d'​analyse de gels \'​electrophor\'​etiques
 + \`a une dimension},
 +   howpublished = {Licence thesis (B.Sc.), University of Geneva},
 +   month = {September},​
 +   year = {1989}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Rak1999,​
 +   vgclass = {diploma},
 +   vgproject = {viper},
 +   author = {Jilali Raki},
 +   title = {Utilisation d'un protocole de communication et d'une structure de
 + fichier invers\'​e pour la recherche dans une base de donn\'​ees d'​images},​
 +   howpublished = {Diploma thesis, University of Geneva},
 +   month = {April},
 +   year = {1999},
 +   abstract = {Ce document d\'​ecrit le proc\'​ed\'​e et la mani\`ere utilis\'​es pour
 + archiver des images dans une base de donn\'​ees et rechercher celles
 + qui sont les plus similaires \`a une requ\^ete d'​images. La technique
 + d'​archivage des images est inspir\'​ee de celle utilis\'​ee pour archiver
 + et rechercher du texte. Les points essentiels des chapitres trait\'​es
 + dans le manuel sont: \begin{itemize} \item Un survol du syst\`eme
 + Viper, qui est le nom de bapt\^eme donn\'​e au syst\`eme de recherche
 + d'​images \`a r\'​ealiser. Dans ce chapitre, la description des caract\'​eristiques
 + de couleur et de texture utilis\'​ees dans le syst\`eme et la mani\`ere
 + de calculer la similarit\'​e entre une image d'une requ\^ete et les
 + images de la base donn\'​ees sont abord\'​ees. \item La sp\'​ecification
 + d'un protocole de communication pour l'​\'​echange de messages entre
 + la base de donn\'​ees et une interface utilisateur graphique. Diff\'​erents
 + types de messages sont d\'​ecrits et la grammaire du protocole de
 + communication est sp\'​ecifi\'​ee. \item L'​introduction de la grammaire
 + avec les outils de compilation JavaCup et JLex pour le langage Java
 + et avec les outils Yacc et Lex pour le langage C++. La mani\`ere
 + de g\'​en\'​erer les analyseurs syntaxiques et lexicaux correspondants
 + \`a la grammaire avec ces outils est d\'​ecrite. Du fait que JavaCup
 + et Jlex sont moins connus que Lex et Yacc, une explication plus d\'​etaill\'​ee
 + de ces outils est donn\'​ee dans ce chapitre. \item La mani\`ere de
 + construire l'​interface graphique de l'​utilisateur et une description
 + de ses diff\'​erentes fonctionnalit\'​es. On explique dans ce chapitre
 + la mani\`ere d'​implanter l'​interface afin de communiquer avec un
 + serveur li\'e \`a la base de donn\'​ees et d'​analyser les messages
 + du protocole de communication. \item L'​archivage des images dans
 + une structure de donn\'​ees appel\'​ee "​Inverted File" ou fichier invers\'​e.
 + Cette structure est d\'​ecrite dans ce chapitre ainsi que la mani\`ere
 + d'​implanter le serveur de la base de donn\'​ees afin de communiquer
 + avec l'​interface et d'​analyser les messages du protocole de communication.
 + \end{itemize} Apr\`es ces chapitres, des r\'​esultats de requ\^etes
 + de recherche d'​images similaires sont pr\'​esent\'​es afin de les comparer
 + aux r\'​esultats d'​autres syst\`emes.},​
 +   url = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​99/​Raki_diploma.ps.gz},​
 +   url1 = {http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​99/​Raki_diploma.pdf}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Rak1997,​
 +   vgclass = {licence},
 +   vgproject = {cbir},
 +   author = {J. Raki},
 +   title = {Parall\'​elisation de la recherche d'​images de filigranes},​
 +   howpublished = {Licence thesis (B.Sc.), University of Geneva},
 +   month = {February},
 +   year = {1997}
 + }
 + @PHDTHESIS{VG:​Rau1998,​
 +   author = {Christian Rauber},
 +   title = {Acquisition,​ archivage et recherche de documents accessibles par
 + le contenu: application \`a la gestion d'une base de donn\'​ees d'​images
 + de filigranes},​
 +   school = {University of Geneva},
 +   year = {1998},
 +   type = {{P}h.{D}. {D}issertation {N}o. 2988},
 +   address = {Switzerland},​
 +   month = {March},
 +   url = {http://​cui.unige.ch/​~rauber/​these/​index.htm},​
 +   vgclass = {thesis},
 +   vgproject = {cbir}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Rau1990,​
 +   vgclass = {diploma},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   author = {Christian Rauber},
 +   title = {La transform\'​ee de {G}abor et ses applications},​
 +   howpublished = {Diploma thesis, University of Geneva},
 +   month = {April},
 +   year = {1990}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​ROP1997,​
 +   author = {Christian Rauber and Joe J. K. {{\'​O}~Ruanaidh} and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Secure distribution of watermarked images for a digital library of
 + ancient papers},
 +   booktitle = {Second ACM Conference on Digital Libraries},
 +   year = {1997},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking,​cbir},​
 +   pages = {123--130},
 +   address = {Philadelphia,​ PA},
 +   month = {July},
 +   abstract = {The electronic publishing, storage and distribution of documents is
 + growing increasingly important and will have profound implications
 + for our economy, culture and society. The multimedia digitalisation
 + of libraries and the distribution of the contents of museums is revolutionising
 + these organisations and will make these resources available to a
 + much wider audience than was previously possible. The main goal of
 + our MEDIA project (Mobile Electronic Documents with Interacting Agents)
 + is the development of a system for the archival, retrieval, and distribution
 + of electronic documents. For this purpose, a mobile agent platform
 + is used to securely distribute these documents. Information is accessed
 + by a search mechanism that allows the retrieval of text and images
 + according to their content. An important feature of the system is
 + a digital watermarking tool which embeds hidden signatures in images.
 + This provides copyright protection and helps to ensure that the image
 + will not be copied and sold and without proper authorisation. The
 + management of the database of documents and images is accomplished
 + by an extensible object relational database management system. In
 + addition, documents and data can be accessed through the World Wide
 + Web network.}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​RGM1995,​
 +   author = {Christian Rauber and Catherine De Garrini and Ruggero Milanese and
 + Serguei Startchik and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Saillance, zone d'​int\'​er\^et,​ mise en correspondance:​ trois techniques
 + pour la localisation et la reconnaissance d'​objets en couleur sur
 + fond fortement textur\'​e},​
 +   booktitle = {Fifteenth GRETSI Symposium on Signal and Image Processing},​
 +   year = {1995},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   pages = {709--712},
 +   address = {Juan les Pins},
 +   month = {September}
 + }
 + @TECHREPORT{VG:​RMS1994,​
 +   author = {Christian Rauber and Ruggero Milanese and Serguei Startchik and Thierry
 + Pun},
 +   title = {Data selection mechanisms for object recognition},​
 +   institution = {AI and Vision Group, Computing Centre, University of Geneva},
 +   year = {1994},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {94.06},
 +   address = {rue G\'​en\'​eral Dufour, 24, CH-1211 Gen\`eve, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {April},
 +   url = {ftp://​cui.unige.ch/​PUBLIC/​vision/​papers/​rauber/​94.06.Report.ps.Z}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​RPT1997,​
 +   author = {Christian Rauber and Thierry Pun and Peter Tschudin},
 +   title = {Retrieval of images from a library of watermarks for ancient paper
 + identification},​
 +   booktitle = {Proceedings of EVA 97, Elektronische Bildverarbeitung und Kunst,
 + Kultur, Historie, Berlin, Germany},
 +   year = {1997},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking,​cbir},​
 +   month = {November},
 +   publisher = {GFaI, Gesellschaft zur Foerderung angewandter Informatik e.V.}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{VG:​RTP1997,​
 +   author = {Christian Rauber and Peter Tschudin and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Syst\`eme d'​archivage et de recherche de filigranes},​
 +   journal = {Gazette du Livre M\'​edieval},​
 +   year = {1997},
 +   volume = {31},
 +   pages = {31--40},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {cbir}
 + }
 + @INCOLLECTION{VG:​RTS1996b,​
 +   author = {Christian Rauber and Peter Tschudin and Serguei Startchik and Thierry
 + Pun},
 +   title = {Archival and retrieval for large image databases: application to
 + an historical watermarks archive},
 +   booktitle = {Objects Applications},​
 +   publisher = {University of Geneva},
 +   year = {1996},
 +   editor = {D. Tsichritzis},​
 +   pages = {19--26},
 +   vgclass = {report},
 +   vgproject = {cbir}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​RTS1996,​
 +   author = {Christian Rauber and Peter Tschudin and Serguei Startchik and Thierry
 + Pun},
 +   title = {Archivage et recherche d'​images de filigranes},​
 +   booktitle = {CNED'​96,​ 4\`eme Coll. National sur l'​Ecrit et le Document},
 +   year = {1996},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {cbir},
 +   pages = {69--76},
 +   address = {Nantes, France},
 +   month = {July}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​RTS1996a,​
 +   author = {Christian Rauber and Peter Tschudin and Serguei Startchik and Thierry
 + Pun},
 +   title = {Archival and retrieval of historical watermark images},
 +   booktitle = {ICIP'​96,​ IEEE International Conference on Image Processing},​
 +   year = {1996},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {watermarking,​cbir},​
 +   volume = {2},
 +   pages = {773--776},
 +   address = {Lausanne, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {September},​
 +   note = {Special Session ``Images in Digital Libraries''​}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Reg1990,​
 +   vgclass = {diploma},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   author = {Michel Regamey},
 +   title = {Utilisation de mod\`eles \'​electromagn\'​etiques pour l'​\'​etude de
 + la vision bas-niveau},​
 +   howpublished = {Diploma thesis, University of Geneva},
 +   month = {April},
 +   year = {1990}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{VG:​RPH1989,​
 +   author = {C. Roch and Thierry Pun and D. F. Hochstrasser and Christian Pellegrini},​
 +   title = {Automatic learning strategies},​
 +   journal = {Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics},
 +   year = {1989},
 +   volume = {13},
 +   pages = {383--391},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {unspecified},​
 +   number = {5}
 + }
 + @PHDTHESIS{VG:​Roth2002,​
 +   author = {Patrick Roth},
 +   title = {Repr{\'​e}sentation multimodale d'​images digitales dans des syst{\'​e}mes
 + informatiques multim{\'​e}dias pour utilisateurs non-voyants},​
 +   school = {Computer Vision and Multimedia Laboratory, University of Geneva},
 +   year = {2002},
 +   address = {Geneva, Switzerland},​
 +   month = {September},​
 +   vgproject = {viper}
 + }
 + @MISC{VG:​Rot1997,​
 +   vgclass = {diploma},
 +   vgproject = {abweb},
 +   author = {Patrick Roth},
 +   title = {Interface {W}eb pour non-voyants},​
 +   howpublished = {Diploma thesis, University of Geneva},
 +   month = {September},​
 +   year = {1997}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​RGP2001,​
 +   author = {Patrick Roth and Christoph Giess and Lori Petrucci and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Adapting Haptic Game Devices for non-visual Graph Rendering},
 +   booktitle = {HCI 2001, International Symposium on Signal Processing and its Applications},​
 +   year = {2001},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {abweb},
 +   address = {New Orleans, LA, USA},
 +   month = {August 5-10}
 + }
 + @ARTICLE{Roth:​JVIB2002:​CTNMPSG,​
 +   author = {Patrick Roth and Hesham Kamel and Lori Petrucci and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {A comparison of three nonvisual methods for presenting scientific
 + graphs},
 +   journal = {Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness},
 +   year = {2002},
 +   volume = {96},
 +   pages = {420--428},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {abweb},
 +   number = {6},
 +   month = {June}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{Roth:​HCI2003:​RDIABCU,​
 +   author = {Patrick Roth and Julien Kronegg and Thierry Pun},
 +   title = {Rendering digital images accessible for blind computer users},
 +   booktitle = {HCI International 2003, 10th International Conference on Human-Computer
 + Interaction},​
 +   year = {2003},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {abweb},
 +   address = {Crete, Greece},
 +   month = {June 22-27}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​RPA2000a,​
 +   author = {Patrick Roth and Lori Petrucci and Andr{\'​e} Assimacopoulos and Thierry
 + Pun},
 +   title = {Audio-Haptic Internet Browser and Associated Tools for Blind Users
 + and Visually Impaired Computer Users},
 +   booktitle = {COST 254 Intelligent Terminals, Workshop on Friendly Exchanging Through
 + the Net},
 +   year = {2000},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {abweb},
 +   editor = {C. Germain and O. Lavialle and E. Grivel},
 +   pages = {57-62.},
 +   address = {Bordeaux, France},
 +   month = {mar 22-24},
 +   abstract = {In the Internet world, the widespread use of graphical user interfaces
 + (GUIs) increasingly bars visually handicapped people from accessing
 + digital information. In this context our project aims at providing
 + sight handicapped people with alternative access modalities to various
 + types of GUIs and graphic intensive programs, in order for instance
 + to facilitate usage of Web services. We describe in this paper AB-Web,
 + a 3D-audio Web browser that allows blind computer users to explore
 + Web pages, fill in forms, etc., using a 3D sonic rendering. We also
 + present WebSound, a generic tool that permits to associate with each
 + HTML tag a given sonic object (earcon or auditory icon). Finally,
 + we describe a series of associated programs composed of the family
 + of sonic games From Dots to Shapes, as well as of IDEA, a tool that
 + lets users comprehend simple drawings, as well as to create graphics.},
 +   url = { http://​vision.unige.ch/​publications/​postscript/​2000/​RothPetrucciAssimacopoulosPun_cost2000.pdf}
 + }
 + @INPROCEEDINGS{VG:​RPA2000,​
 +   author = {Patrick Roth and Lori Petrucci and Andre Assimacopoulos and Thierry
 + Pun},
 +   title = {Concentration game: an audio adaptation for blind people},
 +   booktitle = {CSUN'​s 15th Annual International Conference ``Technology and Persons
 + with Disabilities''​},​
 +   year = {2000},
 +   vgclass = {refpap},
 +   vgproject = {abweb},
 +   address = {Los Angeles, CA, USA},